Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English...

Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

N O T E T O T H E F I F T E E N TH I M P R E S S I ON For this impression the Index of Passages has been extensively revised and corrected— it would hardly be an exaggeration to say re- compiled— by the Revd. John B. Job, Tutor in Old Testament Studies at Cliff College, Calver. The publishers are most grateful to him and to those members of the Society for Old Testament Study and others who reported mistakes in the original index. Of the additions and corrections prefixed to earlier impressions those that could be fitted into the text without difficulty have been transferred to it. The rest are printed below. Page 63, § 15  [ See also Wiekes, Prose Accentuation, 130 f., 87 η. ( who, however, regards  the superlinear, Babylonian system as the earlier); and Ginsburg, Introduction to the Hebrew Bible, 76, 78. 111 Ginsburgs Hebrew Bible, ed. 2 ( 1908), pp. 108 f., 267 f., the two systems of division are printed in extenso, in parallel columns— the 10 verses of the superlinear ( Babylonian) system consisting ( inExodus)  of v. 2• 3- 6.7.8- 11.12.13.14.15.16.17. ׳ ( as numbered in ordinary texts),and the  12 verses of the sublinear ( Palestinian) system, consisting of v. 2- 3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.11.12.13- 16.17 _ S. R. D.  י-  Page 65, note 1, for אנא read אנא ( as § 105  a). [ Editions often vary in individual passages,  as regards the accen-tuation of the first syllable: but in the 7 occurrences of , אנא and the 6 of אנה , Baer, Ginsburg, and Kittel agree in having an accent on both syllables ( as אנא ) in Gn 5017, Ex 3231, ψ 11616,  and Metheg on the first syllable and an accent on the second syllable  ( as אנה ) in 2 Κ 203 = Is 383, Jon i 1 4 , 42, ψ 1 164, 1 1825• 25, Dn  94, Ne 15.11, except that in ψ 1164 Ginsburg has אנה .— S. R,  D.] Page 79, § 2 2 s,  before הרדיפהי insert exceptions to b are. AfterJer 3912 add ψ 525 ;  and for Ez g6 read Ezr 96. [ So Baer ( cf. his  note on Jud 2043; also on Jer 3912,  and several of the other passages in question) : but Ginsburg only  in 10 of the exceptions to b, and Jacob ben Hayyim and Kittel only in 5, viz.Jer 3912, Pr 1121, 151, ψ 525, Ezr 9°.—  S. R. D.]Page 123, § 45 e, add: cf. also  מהפכה followed by את , Is 1319, Am 411 ( § 115 d). Page 175, § 67.  See B, Halper,  The Participial formations of the

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition


About Book Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTRANSLATORS PREFACEFROM THE GERMAN PREFACENOTE TO THE FIFTEENT IMPRESSIONLIST OF ABBREVIATIONSTable of ContentsContentsINTRODUCTION§ 1. The Semitic Languages in General§ 2. Sketch of the History of the Hebrew Language§ 3. Grammatical Treatment of the Hebrew Language§ 4. Division and Arrangement of the GrammarELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OR THE SOUNDS AND CHARACTERSTHE INDIVIDUAL SOUNDS AND CHARACTERS§ 5. The Consonants: their Forms and Names§ 6. Pronunciation and Division of Consonants§ 7. The Vowels in General, Vowel Letters and Vowel Signs§ 8. The Vowel Signs in particular§ 9. Character of the several Vowels§ 10. The Half Vowels and the Syllable Divider (Sewa)§ 11. ?ther Signs which affect the Reading§ 12. Dages in general, and Dages forte in particular§ 13. Dages lene§ 14. Mappiq and Raphe§ 15. The AccentsI. The Common AccentsA. DISJUNCTIVE ACCENTS (Distinctivi or Domini)B. CONJUNCTIVE ACCENTS (Conjunctivi or Servi)II. The Accents of the Books .????A. DISTINCTIVI.B. C0NJUNCTIVIREMAKKS ON THE ACCENTS.I. As Signs of the ToneII. As Signs of Punctuation§ 16. Of Maqqeph and Metheg§ 17. Of the Qere and Kethibh. Masora rnarginalis and finalis.PECULIARITIES AND CHANGES OF LETTERS: THE SYLLABLE AND THE TONE§ 18 Changes of Speech§ 19. Changes of Consonants§ 20. The Strengthening (Sharpening) of Consonants§ 21. Aspiration of the Tenues§ 22. Peculiarities of the Gutturals.§ 23. The Feebleness of the Gutturals ? and .?§ 24. Changes of the Weak Letters§ 25 . Unchangeable Vowels§ 26. Syllable-formation and its Influence on the Quantity of Vowels§ 27. The Change of the Vowels, especially as regards Quantity§ 28. The Rise of New Vowels and Syllables§ 29. The Tone, its Changes and the PauseETYMOLOGY, OR THE PARTS OF SPEECH§ 30. Stems and Roots: Biliteral, Triliteral, and Quadriliteral§ 31. Grammatical StructureTHE PRONOUN§ 32. The Personal Pronoun. The Separate PronounI. First PersonII. Second PersonIII. Third Person§ 33. Pronominal Suffixes§ 34. The Demonstrative Pronoun§ 35. The Article§ 36. The Relative Pronoun§ 37. The Interrogative and Indefinite PronounsTHE VERB§ 38. General View§ 39. Ground-form and Derived Stems§ 40. Tenses. Moods. Flexion.§ 41. Variations from the Ordinary Form of the Strong Verb.I. The Strong VerbA. THE PURE STEM, OR QAL§ 43. Its Form and Meaning§ 44. Flexion of the Perfect of Qal§ 45. The Infinitive§ 46. The Imperative.§ 47. The Imperfect and its Inflexion§ 48. Shortening and Lengthening of the Imperfect and Imperative. The Jussive and Cohotative.§ 49. The Perfect and imperfect with Waw Consecutive§ 50. The Participle?. VERBA DERIVATIVA, OR DERIVED CONJUGATIONS§ 51. Niph'al§ 52. Pi'el and Pu'al.§ 53. Hiph'il and Hoph'al§ 54. Hithpa'el§ 55. Less Common Conjugation§ 56. QuadriliteralsC. STRONG VERB WITH PRONOMINAL SUFFIXES§ 58. The Pronominal Suffixes of the Verb§ 59. The Perfect with Pronominal Suffixes§ 60. Imperfect with Pronominal Suffixes§ 61. Infinitive, Imperative and Participle with Pronominal Suffixes§ 62. Verbs with Gutturals§ 63. Verbs First Guttural, e. g. ??? to standI. On Qal.II. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alIII. ??? and .???§ 64. Verbs Middle Guttural, e.g. ??? to slaughter§ 65. Verbs Third Guttural, e.g. ??? to sendII. The Weak Verb.§ 66. Verbs Primae Radicalis Nun ( ??? ), e.g. ??? to approach§ 67. Verbs e. g. ??? to surroundI. On QalII. On Niph'alIII. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alIV. In General§ 68. Verbs ??? e. g. ??? to eat§ 69. Verba ??? . First Class, or Verbs originally ,?? ?e.g. ?? ) to dwell§ 70. Verbs ??? . Second Class, or Verbs properly ? ? ? ? e. g. ?? } to be good. Paradigm L.§ 71. Verbs ??? . Third Class, or Verbs with Yodh assimilated§ 72. Verbs * V (vulgo fv), e. g. ??? to rise up. Paradigm M.I. On Qal.II. On Niph'alIII. On Hiph'il, Hoph'al, and Pi'lelIV. In General§ 73. Verbs middle i (vulgo ??? ), e. g. ??? to discern. Paradigm N.§ 74. Verbs ??? , e.g. ??? to find. Paradigm O.§ 75. Verbs ??? , e. g. ??? to reveal. Paradigm P.I. On Qal.II. On Niph'al.III. On Pi'el, Po'el, Pu'al, and Hithpa'elIV. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alV. In GeneralVI. The Relation between Verbs ??? and ???§ 76. Verbs Doubly Weak§ 77. Relation of the Weak Verbs to one another.§ 78. Verba DefectivaTHE NOUN§ 79. General View.§ 80. The Indication of Gender in Nouns§ 81. Derivation of Nouns.§ 82. Primitive Nouns.§ 83. Verbal Nouns in General§ 84a. Nouns derived from the Simple StemI. Nouns with One Vowel, originally ShortII. Nouns with an original Short Vowel in both SyllablesIII. Nouns with an original Short Vowel in the First and a Long Vowel in the Second SyllableIV. Nouns with a Long Vocal in the First Syllable and originally a Short Vowel in the Second SyllableV. Nouns with a Long Vowel in each Syllable§ 84b. Formation of Nouns from the Intensive Stem.VI. Nouns with the Middle Consonant sharpenedVII. Nouns with the Third Consonant repeatedVIII. Nouns with the Second and Third Consonants repeatedIX. Nouns in which the Whole (Biliteral) Stem is repeated§ 85. Nouns with Preformatives and AfformativesX. Nouns with PreformativesXI. Nouns with AfformativesXII. Quadrilaterals and Quinqueliterals§ 86. Denominative Nouns§ 87. Of the Plural§ 88. Of the Dual§ 89. The Genitive and the Construct State.§ 90. Real and Supposed Remains of Early Case-endings§ 91. The Noun with Pronominal Suffixes§ 92. Vowel Changes in the Noun§ 93. Paradigms of Masculine NounsExplanations of the Paradigms (see pp. 264, 265).§ 94. Formation of Feminine Nouns§ 95. Paradigms of Feminine Nouns§ 96. Nouns of Peculiar Formation§ 97. Numerals, (a) Cardinal Numbers§ 98. Numerals, (b) Ordinal NumbersTHE PARTICLES§ 99. General View§ 100. Adverbs§ 101. Prepositions§ 102. Prefixed Prepositions§ 103. Prepositions with Pronominal Suffixes and in the Plural Form§ 104. Conjunctions§ 105. InterjectionsSYNTAXTHE PARTS OF SPEECHI. Syntax of the Verb.A. USE OF THE TENSES AND MOODS.§ 106. Use of the Perfect§ 107. Use of the Imperfect§ 108. Use of the Cohortative§ 109. Use of the Jussive§ 110. The Imperative§ 111. The Imperfect with Wäw Consecutive§ 112. The Perfect with Wäw ConsecutiveB. THE INFINITIVE AND PARTICIPLE§ 113. The Infinitive Absolute§ 114. The Infinitive Construct.§ 115. Construction of the Infinitive Construct with Subject and Object.§ 116. The ParticiplesC. THE GOVERNMENT OF THE VERB§ 117. The Direct Subordination of the Noun to the Verb as Accusative of the Object. The Double Accusative.§ 118. The Looser Subordination of the Accusative to the Verb§ 119. The Subordination of Nouns to the Verb by means of Prepositions§ 120. Verbal Ideas under the Government of a Verb. Co-ordination of Complementary Verbal Ideas.§ 121. Construction of Passive VerbsII . Syntax of the Noun§ 122. Indication of the Gender of the Noun§ 123. The Representation of Plural Ideas by Means of Collectives, and by the Repetition of Words§ 124. The Various Uses of the Plural-form§ 125. Determination of Nouns in general. Determination of Proper Names.§ 126. Determination by Means of the Article§ 127. The Noun determined by a following Determinate Genitive§ 128. The Indication of the Genitive Relation by means of the Construct State§ 129. Expression of the Genitive by Circumlocution§ 130. Wider Use cf the Construct State§ 131. Apposition§ 132. Connexion of the Substantive with the Adjective§ 133. The Comparison of Adjectives. (Periphrastic Expression of the Comparative and Superlative§ 134. Syntax of the Numerals.III. Syntax of the Pronoun.§ 135. The Personal Pronoun§ 136. The Demonstrative Pronoun§ 137. The Interrogative Pronoun§ 138. The Relative Pronoun§ 139. Expression of Pronominal Ideas by means of SubstantivesTHE SENTENCEI. The Sentence in General§ 140. Noun-clauses, Verbal-clauses, and the Compound Senten§ 141. The Noun-clause§ 142. The Verbal-clause.§ 143. The Compound Sentence.§ 144. Peculiarities in the Representation of the Subject (especially in the Verbal-clause)§ 145. Agreement between the Members of a Sentence, especially between Subject and Predicate, in respect of Gender and Number§ 146. Construction of Compound Subjects§ 147. Incomplete SentencesII. Special Kinds of Sentences.§ 148. Exclamations§ 149. Sentences which express an Oath or Asseveration§ 150. Interrogative Sentences§ 151. Desiderative Sentences§ 152. Negative Sentences§ 153. Restrictive and Intensive Clauses§ 154. Sentences connected by Wäw§ 155. Relative Clauses§ 156. Circumstantial Clauses§ 157. Object-Clauses (Oratio Obliqua)§ 158. Causal Clauses§ 159. Conditional Sentences§ 160. Concessive Clauses§ 161. Comparative Clauses§ 162. Disjunctive Sentences§ 163. Adversative and Exceptive Clauses§ 164. Temporal Clauses§ 165. Final Clauses§ 166. Consecutive Clauses§ 167. Aposiopesis, Anacoluthon, Involved Series of SentencesTHE PARADIGMS A. The Personal?. StrongC. Strong VerbD. Verbs primae gutturalis?. Verbs mediae gutturalisF. VerbsG. Verbs mediae geminatae?. Verbs G».I. Weak Verbs, .????. Weak VerbsL. Verbs properly .????. WeakN. Weak Verbs, .??0. WeakP. WeakQ. Verbs ??with Suffixes.Hiph. ??Back MatterI. INDEX OF SUBJECTII. INDEX OF HEBREW WORDS AND FORMSIII. INDEX OF PASSAGES
gesenius hebrew grammar english edition page https publishersrow geseniusgesenius39 gram ebookshuk books jewish ebooks interactive most important biblical ever published
eBookshuk Books

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
wert

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

test


A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice
This is the most detailed and comprehensive guide to Jewish practice for home and synagogue, written in the spirit of Modern Orthodox and Conservative movements.

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.

Jews in the Hungarian Economy 1760-1945
In the sixteen essays in this volume, scholars from three continents explore dispassionately various facets of the Jewish presence in the Hungarian economy over a span of two centuries. (Two of the articles deal with Vienna which had quite a sizeable contingent of Hungarian Jews.) The topics range from pure economic history dealing with entrepreneurship and occupational structure, to related fields such as demography, urbanization and nutrition. Several studies discuss the interaction of both

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
A commentary on one of the most interesting for the modern reader books of the Bible.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 3
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Two Portuguese Exiles in Castile: Dom David Negro and Dom Isaac Abravanel. Hispania Judaica, v. 10
The book contains more than 30 documents related to Portuguese Jewry in general and David Negro and Isaac Abravanel in particular.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 1
qwer

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Conversos and the Inquisition in Jaén. Hispania Judaica, v. 7
Description of the fate of the Conversos in the Kingdom of Jaén at the hands of the Inquisition Tribunal which operated there for 43 years, from 1483 until 1526.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


The Other War: Israelis, Palestinians and the Struggle for Media Supremacy
Stephanie Gutmann, who covered the second intifada, documents in her book, 'The Other War,' how Israel, in spite of — or maybe because of — its strength as a democracy nearly always loses the battle for soft and sympathetic minds. — The Washington Times

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times
Norman A. Stillman continues the saga he so eloquently began in his first volume, The Jews of Arab Lands, up through the dramatic events of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the forces, events, and personalities that over the past 150 years have shaped the Jewish communities of the Arab world.

Thesaurus of the Medieaval Hebrew Poetry, in 4 volumes
Lists 35,000 poems and prayers culled from printed and manuscript sources (many from Cairo Genizah) and their variations, i.e. almost every Hebrew poem and its variations composed after canonization of the Hebrew Bible until 18th c.e.... with listings of sacred poetry reaching into the 20th century.

The Book of Delight and Other Papers
The book contains eight chapters of an absorbing text, including The Book of Delight, A Visit to Hebron, Medieval Mayfaring, and Marriages Are Made in Heaven.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

History of the Jews, Vol. 5: From the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland (1648 C.E.) to the Present Time (1870 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fifth volume covers the period from the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland to the Present Time.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

Thesaurus of the Medieaval Hebrew Poetry, in 4 volumes
Lists 35,000 poems and prayers culled from printed and manuscript sources (many from Cairo Genizah) and their variations, i.e. almost every Hebrew poem and its variations composed after canonization of the Hebrew Bible until 18th c.e.... with listings of sacred poetry reaching into the 20th century.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Daniel
The very detailed handling of the original languages of Daniel (Hebrew and Aramaic) and frequent references to scholarly works in Latin, French, and German make this the commentary for scholars.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

History of the Jews, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Period to the Death of Simon the Maccabee (135 B.C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The first volume covers the period from the entry of Israelite tribes into the land of Canaan to the settlement of the Judeans in Egypt.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.