Varda Books



 View book pages:
 Buy this book:
  eBookshuk
  




76 Peculiarities and

by E. Kautzsch
76 Peculiarities and Changes of Letters [ § § 21 e, f, 22 פ , even at the beginning of a syllable, by χ and φ ; Xtpovß, Χαλδαιοι, Φαρφάρ, & α— The forms כיבד ( after ושמתי ) Is 54 ״  and כלכל ( after ונלאיתי ) Jer 20 » are doubly anomalous. e ( 2) In the middle of words after Sewa quiescens, i. e. at  the beginning of a syllable immediately after a vowelless consonant, 1 e. g. יךפא yirpä ( he heals), קטלתם ye have killed) but after Sewa mobile, e. g. ךפא re2) hä ( heal thou), • כבייי she was heavy. וישב and similar forms, see § io i. Whether Sewa be vocal and consequently causes the aspiration of a follow-ing tenuis, depends upon the origin of the particular form. It is almost always vocal ( a) When it has arisen from the weakening of a strong vowel, e. g. רךפו pursue ye ( not רךפו ) from מלכי ; רדף ( not מלכי ), because originally maläkhe, but מלכי from the ground- form malk. ( b) With the כ of the pronominal suffixes of the 2nd pers. בת 15___, since Sewä mobile is characteristic of these forms ( see § 58f;  § 91 b). Rem. Forms like שלחת thou ( fem.) hast sent, in which we should expect an aspirated ת after the vowel, cf. ויתר Ex 189,  have arisen from יחד. שלחת & c.; Pathah being  here simply a helping vowel has no influence on the tenuis; cf. § 28 e. § 22. Peculiarities of the Gutturals. a The four gutturals א , ע , ה , ח , in consequence of their peculiar pronunciation, have special characteristics, but א , as the weakest of these sounds, and sometimes also ע ( which elsewhere as one of the harder gutturals is the opposite of א ), differ in several respects from the stronger ה and Π. b 1. They do not admit of Dages forte, since, in consequence of a gradual weakening of the pronunciation ( see below, note 2),  the strengthening of the gutturals was hardly audible to the Masoretes. But a distinction must be drawn between ( a) the complete omission of the strengthening, and ( b) the mere echo of it, commonly called half doubling, but better, virtual strengthening. C In the former case, the short vowel before the guttural would stand in an open syllable, and must accordingly be lengthened or modified. 2 1 The exceptions יקתאל Jos 1538  ( see Minhat shay, on this  passage), 2 and יקרעם Jos 1556  may perhaps be  due to the character of the . ק 2 Cf. terra and  the French terre, the German Rolle and the French role ; German drollig and French drule. The omission of the strengthening shows a deterioration of the language.  Arabic still admits of the strengthening of gutturals in all cases.   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t t

Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  
76 Peculiarities and Changes of Letters [ § § 21 e, f, 22 פ , even at the beginning of a syllable, by χ and φ ; Xtpovß, Χαλδαιοι, Φαρφάρ, & α— The forms כיבד ( after ושמתי ) Is 54 ״ and כלכל ( after ונלאיתי ) Jer 20 » are doubly anomalous. e ( 2) In the middle of words after Sewa quiescens, i. e. at the beginning of a syllable immediately after a vowelless consonant, 1 e. g. יךפא yirpä ( he heals), קטלתם ye have killed) but after Sewa mobile, e. g. ךפא re2) hä ( heal thou), • כבייי she was heavy. וישב and similar forms, see § io i. Whether Sewa be vocal and consequently causes the aspiration of a follow-ing tenuis, depends upon the origin of the particular form. It is almost always vocal ( a) When it has arisen from the weakening of a strong vowel, e. g. רךפו pursue ye ( not רךפו ) from מלכי ; רדף ( not מלכי ), because originally maläkhe, but מלכי from the ground- form malk. ( b) With the כ of the pronominal suffixes of the 2nd pers. בת 15___, since Sewä mobile is characteristic of these forms ( see § 58f; § 91 b). Rem. Forms like שלחת thou ( fem.) hast sent, in which we should expect an aspirated ת after the vowel, cf. ויתר Ex 189, have arisen from יחד. שלחת & c.; Pathah being here simply a helping vowel has no influence on the tenuis; cf. § 28 e. § 22. Peculiarities of the Gutturals. a The four gutturals א , ע , ה , ח , in consequence of their peculiar pronunciation, have special characteristics, but א , as the weakest of these sounds, and sometimes also ע ( which elsewhere as one of the harder gutturals is the opposite of א ), differ in several respects from the stronger ה and Π. b 1. They do not admit of Dages forte, since, in consequence of a gradual weakening of the pronunciation ( see below, note 2), the strengthening of the gutturals was hardly audible to the Masoretes. But a distinction must be drawn between ( a) the complete omission of the strengthening, and ( b) the mere echo of it, commonly called half doubling, but better, virtual strengthening. C In the former case, the short vowel before the guttural would stand in an open syllable, and must accordingly be lengthened or modified.' 2 1 The exceptions יקתאל Jos 1538 ( see Minhat shay, on this passage), 2 and יקרעם Jos 1556 may perhaps be due to the character of the . ק 2 Cf. terra and the French terre, the German Rolle and the French role ; German drollig and French drule. The omission of the strengthening shows a deterioration of the language. Arabic still admits of the strengthening of gutturals in all cases. << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t t
Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  

Varda Books - 1-59045-959-8


 Other related titles:
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)

 Already viewed books:
Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English EditionGesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition


TANAKH - INTERACTIVE HEBREW BIBLE