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§ § 140 f

by E. Kautzsch
§ § 140 f, 141 a, b] Noun- clauses, Verbal- clauses, etc. 451 with a participial predicate, except that in their case the event or action ( as distinguished from that expressed by the verbal- clause) is of a fixed and abiding character. Rem. By the Arab grammarians every clause beginning with an inde-pendent subject is regarded as a noun- clause, and every clause beginning with a finite verb as verbal. If a finite verb follows the noun- subject the two together ( since the verb comprises its own subject and is thus a complete verbal- clause) form a compound noun- sentence, just as when the predicate consists of an independent noun- clause. Though this definition  of the different kinds of sentence, which we formerly accepted ( in § 144 a  of the 22nd to the 24th German editions of this Grammar), is rejected above,  a- d, we must, nevertheless, mention here the point in which this more compli-cated view of the Arab grammarians may be regarded as at least relatively correct, namely, in classifying verbal- clauses according as the subject precedes or follows the verb, a distinction  which is often of great importance in Hebrew also; see further, in § 142 a. § 141. The Noun- clause. 1. The subject of a noun- clause ( see § 140  a) may be— a ( a) A substantive, e. g.  ונהר * צא מ$ דן and a river went out ( was going out) of Eden,  Gn 210. ( b) A pronoun, e. g. Gn  אלכי ממטיר  I will cause it to rain;  1418 והוא כהן and he was priest; 223  ( זאת before a feminine predicate,  asא^ ה before  a plural in Ex 324);  מי חכם who is wise? Ho 1410.—  In1 Ch 5 ולנגיד  ממני ג and  of him one became a prince, the subject is contained in 1. ממני 2. The predicate of a noun- clause  may be— b ( a) A substantive, e. g. Dt 141  בנים אתם וגר ye are children of the Lord your God; Gn 4213.  Specially characteristic of the Semitic mode of expression are the cases in which both subject and predicate are substantives, thus emphasizing their identity ( the thing is its measure, material, or equivalent), e. g. Ez 4122  YV. המןבח עץ . . . וקירי! יי the altar ( was) wood . . ., and the walls thereof ( were) wood, i. e. of wood. Cf. below, c. ( b) An adjective or participle, e. g. Gn 212  וזהב הארץ ההיא טוב andthe gold  of that land is good; הןפרון ייטב now Ephron was sitting, &Gn 2310.2  Very frequently such noun- clauses, attached by Wäw to a verbal- clause, are used to represent a state contemporaneous with the principal action; cf. e  below. ( c) A numeral, e. g. Gn 4213  שנים עשר עבדיןי the twelve ( of us) are thy servants. 1 For other remarkable instances  of ellipse in the Chronicler, see Driver, Introduction, ed. 8, p. 537, no. 27. 2 Cf. the numerous examples in § 116 n- p.   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t t

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§ § 140 f, 141 a, b] Noun- clauses, Verbal- clauses, etc. 451 with a participial predicate, except that in their case the event or action ( as distinguished from that expressed by the verbal- clause) is of a fixed and abiding character. Rem. By the Arab grammarians every clause beginning with an inde-pendent subject is regarded as a noun- clause, and every clause beginning with a finite verb as verbal. If a finite verb follows the noun- subject the two together ( since the verb comprises its own subject and is thus a complete verbal- clause) form a compound noun- sentence, just as when the predicate consists of an independent noun- clause. Though this definition of the different kinds of sentence, which we formerly accepted ( in § 144 a of the 22nd to the 24th German editions of this Grammar), is rejected above, a- d, we must, nevertheless, mention here the point in which this more compli-cated view of the Arab grammarians may be regarded as at least relatively correct, namely, in classifying verbal- clauses according as the subject precedes or follows the verb, a distinction which is often of great importance in Hebrew also; see further, in § 142 a. § 141. The Noun- clause. 1. The subject of a noun- clause ( see § 140 a) may be— a ( a) A substantive, e. g. ונהר * צא מ$ דן and a river went out ( was going out) of Eden, Gn 210. ( b) A pronoun, e. g. Gn אלכי ממטיר I will cause it to rain; 1418 והוא כהן and he was priest; 223 ( זאת before a feminine predicate, as א>^ ה before a plural in Ex 324); מי חכם who is wise? Ho 1410.— In 1 Ch 5 ולנגיד ממני ג and of him one became a prince, the subject is contained in 1. ממני 2. The predicate of a noun- clause may be— b ( a) A substantive, e. g. Dt 141 בנים אתם וגר ye are children of the Lord your God; Gn 4213. Specially characteristic of the Semitic mode of expression are the cases in which both subject and predicate are substantives, thus emphasizing their identity (' the thing is its measure, material, or equivalent'), e. g. Ez 4122 YV. המןבח עץ . . . וקירי! יי the altar ( was) wood . . ., and the walls thereof ( were) wood, i. e. of wood. Cf. below, c. ( b) An adjective or participle, e. g. Gn 212 וזהב הארץ ההיא טוב and the gold of that land is good; הןפרון ייטב now Ephron was sitting, & Gn 2310.2 Very frequently such noun- clauses, attached by Wäw to a verbal- clause, are used to represent a state contemporaneous with the principal action; cf. e below. ( c) A numeral, e. g. Gn 4213 שנים עשר עבדיןי the twelve ( of us) are thy servants. 1 For other remarkable instances of ellipse in the Chronicler, see Driver, Introduction, ed. 8, p. 537, no. 27. 2 Cf. the numerous examples in § 116 n- p. << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t t
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