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FIRST PART ELEMENTARY

by E. Kautzsch
FIRST PART ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OR THE SOUNDS AND CHARACTERS CHAPTER I THE INDIVIDUAL SOUNDS AND CHARACTERS § 5. The Consonants: their Forms and Names. ( Cf. the Table of Alphabets.) Among the abundant literature on the subject, special attention is directed to : A. Berliner, Beiträge zur hebr. Gramm., Berlin, 1879, p. 15 ff., on the names, forms, and pronunciation of the consonants in Talmud and Midrash; H. Strack, Schreibkunst u. Schrift bei d. Hebräern, PRE. 3, Lpz. 1906, p. 766 ff.; Benzinger, Hebr. Archäologie2, Tübingen, 1907, p. 172 ff. ; Nowack. Lehrbuch d. hebr. Archäol., Freiburg, 1894, i. 279 ff.; Lidzbarski, Handbuch d. nordsem. Epigraphik, Weimar, 1898, i. 173 ff.; also his art.  Hebrew Alphabet, in the Jewish Encyclopaedia, i , 1901, p. 439 ff. ( cf. his Ephemeris, i. 316 ff.); and  Die Namen der Alphabet-buchstaben in Ephemeris, ii. 125 ff.; Kenyon, art.  Writing, in the Dictionary of the Bible, iv. Edinb. 1902, p. 944 ff.; Nöldeke,  Diesemit. Buchstabennamen, in Beitr. zur semit. Sprachwiss., Strassb. 1904, p. 124 ff.; F. Praetorius, Ueber den Ursprung des kanaan. Alphabets, Berlin, 1906; H. Grimme,  Zur Genesis des semit. Alphabets, in ΖA. xx. 1907, p. 49 ff. ; R. Stube, Grundlinien zu einer Entwickelungsgesch. d. Schrift, Munich, 1907 ; Jermain, In the path of the Alphabet, Fort Wayne, 1907.— L. Blau, Studien zum althebr. Buchwesen, de., Strassb. 1902 ; and his  Ueber d. Einfluss d. althebr. Buchwesens auf d. Originale , & c, in Festschr. zu Ehren A. Berliners, Frkf. 1903. The best tables of alphabets are those of J. Euting in G. Bickells Outlines of Heb. Gram, transl. by S. I. Curtiss, Lpz. 1877 ; in Pt. vii of the Oriental Series of the Palaeographical Soc, London, 1882 ; and, the fullest of all, in Chwol-sons Corpus inscr. Hebr., Petersburg, 1882; also Lidzbarskis in the Jewish Encycl., see above. a 1. The Hebrew letters now in use, in which both the manu-scripts of the Ο. T. are written and our editions of the Bible are printed, commonly called the square  character ( כתב מרבע ), also the Assyrian character ( 1,( בי  א$ ורי  are not those originally employed. Old Hebrew ( or Old Canaanitish2)  writing, as it was used on 1 The name א 1$ יר ( Assyria) is here used in the widest sense, to include the countries on the Mediterranean inhabited by Aramaeans; cf. Stade in ZAW. 1882, p. 292 f. On some other names for Old Hebrew writing, cf. G. Hoffmann, ibid. 1881, p. 334 ff.; Buhl,  Canon and Text of the 0. T. ( transl. by J. Macpherson), Edinb. 1892, p. 200. 2 It is tacitly assumed here that this  was the mother of all Semitic alphabets. In ZDMG. 1909, p. 189 ff., however, Prätorius has shown good Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t

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FIRST PART ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OR THE SOUNDS AND CHARACTERS CHAPTER I THE INDIVIDUAL SOUNDS AND CHARACTERS § 5. The Consonants: their Forms and Names. ( Cf. the Table of Alphabets.) Among the abundant literature on the subject, special attention is directed to : A. Berliner, Beiträge zur hebr. Gramm., Berlin, 1879, p. 15 ff., on the names, forms, and pronunciation of the consonants in Talmud and Midrash; H. Strack, Schreibkunst u. Schrift bei d. Hebräern, PRE. 3, Lpz. 1906, p. 766 ff.; Benzinger, Hebr. Archäologie2, Tübingen, 1907, p. 172 ff. ; Nowack. Lehrbuch d. hebr. Archäol., Freiburg, 1894, i. 279 ff.; Lidzbarski, Handbuch d. nordsem. Epigraphik, Weimar, 1898, i. 173 ff.; also his art. ' Hebrew Alphabet,' in the Jewish Encyclopaedia, i , 1901, p. 439 ff. ( cf. his Ephemeris, i. 316 ff.); and ' Die Namen der Alphabet-buchstaben in Ephemeris, ii. 125 ff.; Kenyon, art. ' Writing,' in the Dictionary of the Bible, iv. Edinb. 1902, p. 944 ff.; Nöldeke, ' Diesemit. Buchstabennamen,' in Beitr. zur semit. Sprachwiss., Strassb. 1904, p. 124 ff.; F. Praetorius, Ueber den Ursprung des kanaan. Alphabets, Berlin, 1906; H. Grimme, ' Zur Genesis des semit. Alphabets,' in ΖA. xx. 1907, p. 49 ff. ; R. Stube, Grundlinien zu einer Entwickelungsgesch. d. Schrift, Munich, 1907 ; Jermain, In the path of the Alphabet, Fort Wayne, 1907.— L. Blau, Studien zum althebr. Buchwesen, de., Strassb. 1902 ; and his ' Ueber d. Einfluss d. althebr. Buchwesens auf d. Originale ', & c, in Festschr. zu Ehren A. Berliners, Frkf. 1903. The best tables of alphabets are those of J. Euting in G. Bickell's Outlines of Heb. Gram, transl. by S. I. Curtiss, Lpz. 1877 ; in Pt. vii of the Oriental Series of the Palaeographical Soc, London, 1882 ; and, the fullest of all, in Chwol-son's Corpus inscr. Hebr., Petersburg, 1882; also Lidzbarski's in the Jewish Encycl., see above. a 1. The Hebrew letters now in use, in which both the manu-scripts of the Ο. T. are written and our editions of the Bible are printed, commonly called the square character ( כתב מרבע ), also the Assyrian character ( 1,( בי א$ ורי are not those originally employed. Old Hebrew ( or Old Canaanitish2) writing, as it was used on 1 The name א 1$ יר ( Assyria) is here used in the widest sense, to include the countries on the Mediterranean inhabited by Aramaeans; cf. Stade in ZAW. 1882, p. 292 f. On some other names for Old Hebrew writing, cf. G. Hoffmann, ibid. 1881, p. 334 ff.; Buhl, Canon and Text of the 0. T. ( transl. by J. Macpherson), Edinb. 1892, p. 200. 2 It is tacitly assumed here that this was the mother of all Semitic alphabets. In ZDMG. 1909, p. 189 ff., however, Prätorius has shown good << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t
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