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§ 125 h- k] Determination

by E. Kautzsch
§ 125 h- k] Determination of Nouns 403 as proper names, and which consequently never take the article, belong also certain archaic words mostly used only by poets, such as שאול Hades,  תבלworld, תהום ocean,  of the body of water which encircles the earth, Gn  12, & c. ; but Is 6313, φ 1069  בתהמות through the depths, viz. of the Red  Sea. 1 2. When nouns which the usage of the language always treats as proper h names occasionally appear to be connected with a following genitive, this is really owing to an ellipse whereby the noun which really governs the genitive, i. e. the appellative idea contained in the proper name, is suppressed. So evidently in the case of יהוה צבאות Tahweh ( the God) of hosts;  the fuller form 2  יהוה אלהי צבא^ ת  s 510, & c., or  יהוה אלהי הצבאות  Ama secondary  expansion of the original אלהים צבאות ; יהוה צבאות in φ 596, 8015 · 20, 849  is due to the mechanical substitution of  אלהים for יהוה affected in the 2nd and part of the 3rd book of the Psalms.  So also in geographical names such as אור כשדים Ur ( the city) of the Chaldees, Gn  1128 ; ארם נהרים • ι ^ ^ · ~־ ί ׳ ־ · Aram ( the region) of the two  rivers ; בית להם יהודה Bethlehem ( the city) of Judah ; rttJHD 2  אבל בית  S 2014, & c., to distinguish it  from אבל מים Abel the water, 2 Ch  164 ; 1  י ב י ש גלעד  S 111, & c. ; ירדן ירחו  Nu 221, 263.63, &Ju 832 cf. § 128 c;  צ^ ן קדושי ןשךאל the Zion of the Holy One of Israel,  Is 6014 ; but in I S 11  for צ^ פים read צופי a Zuphite. Some of these examples ( cf. alsoAm 62)  come very near to the actual construct state ( cf. above, ,( גבעת # אול since e. g. the addition of the genitive serves to distinguish the place from four others called Aram ( see the Lexicon), or from another Bethlehem. Aram, Bethlehem, & c., are accordingly no longer names found only in one special sense, and therefore also are no longer proper names in the strictest sense. 3. Of the pronouns, the personal pronouns proper ( the separate i pronouns, § 32)  are always determinate in themselves, since they can denote only definite individuals ( the 3rd person, also definite things). For the same reason the demonstrative pronouns ( § 34)  are also determinate in themselves, when they stand alone ( as equivalent to substantives), either as subject ( Gn 529)  or as predicate ( e. g.  זה היום this is the day, Ju 414;  אלה הךברים  these are the words,  Dt I1), or as object ( e. g. 2  את־ זאת S 1317), or as genitive  ( נזהיר זה I Κ 212), finally when joined to a preposition ( לזאת Gn 2  1 בזה ; מ  S 168, see § 102 g). So also the personal pronouns הנה , המה , הם , היא , הוא when they k are used as demonstratives (= is, ea, id, ille, & c.) are always  deter-minate in themselves, e. g.  הוא הדבי that is the thing, Gn  4128. They 1 That various other words, such as אנרט man, צלמות deep darkness, jp prince, שדי ßeld, תושיה effectual working, are always found without the article is not to be attributed to any special archaism, but is to be explained from the fact that they belong solely to poetic language, which avoids the article ; in other cases, such as תרדמה  deep sleep, there is no occasion for the article in the passages we possess.   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t

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§ 125 h- k] Determination of Nouns 403 as proper names, and which consequently never take the article, belong also certain archaic words mostly used only by poets, such as שאול Hades, תבל world, תהום ocean, of the body of water which encircles the earth, Gn 12, & c. ; but Is 6313, φ 1069 בתהמות through the depths, viz. of the Red Sea. 1 2. When nouns which the usage of the language always treats as proper h names occasionally appear to be connected with a following genitive, this is really owing to an ellipse whereby the noun which really governs the genitive, i. e. the appellative idea contained in the proper name, is suppressed. So evidently in the case of יהוה צבאות Tahweh ( the God) of hosts; the fuller form 2 יהוה אלהי צבא^ ת s 510, & c., or יהוה אלהי הצבאות Am a secondary expansion of the original אלהים צבאות ; יהוה צבאות in φ 596, 8015 · 20, 849 is due to the mechanical substitution of אלהים for יהוה affected in the 2nd and part of the 3rd book of the Psalms. So also in geographical names such as אור כשדים Ur ( the city) of the Chaldees, Gn 1128 ; ארם נהרים • ι ^ ^ · ~־ ί ׳ ־ · Aram ( the region) of the two rivers ; בית להם יהודה Bethlehem ( the city) of Judah ; rttJHD 2 אבל בית S 2014, & c., to distinguish it from אבל מים Abel the water, 2 Ch 164 ; 1 י ב י ש גלעד S 111, & c. ; ירדן ירחו Nu 221, 263.63, & Ju 832 cf. § 128 c; צ^ ן קדושי ןשךאל the Zion of the Holy One of Israel, Is 6014 ; but in I S 11 for צ^ פים read צופי a Zuphite. Some of these examples ( cf. also Am 62) come very near to the actual construct state ( cf. above, ,( גבעת # אול since e. g. the addition of the genitive serves to distinguish the place from four others called Aram ( see the Lexicon), or from another Bethlehem. Aram, Bethlehem, & c., are accordingly no longer names found only in one special sense, and therefore also are no longer proper names in the strictest sense. 3. Of the pronouns, the personal pronouns proper ( the separate i pronouns, § 32) are always determinate in themselves, since they can denote only definite individuals ( the 3rd person, also definite things). For the same reason the demonstrative pronouns ( § 34) are also determinate in themselves, when they stand alone ( as equivalent to substantives), either as subject ( Gn 529) or as predicate ( e. g. זה היום this is the day, Ju 414; אלה הךברים these are the words, Dt I1), or as object ( e. g. 2 את־ זאת S 1317), or as genitive ( נזהיר זה I Κ 212), finally when joined to a preposition ( לזאת Gn 2 1 בזה ; מ S 168, see § 102 g). So also the personal pronouns הנה , המה , הם , היא , הוא when they k are used as demonstratives (= is, ea, id, ille, & c.) are always deter-minate in themselves, e. g. \\" הוא הדבי that is the thing, Gn 4128. They 1 That various other words, such as אנרט man, צלמות deep darkness, jp prince, שדי ßeld, תושיה effectual working, are always found without the article is not to be attributed to any special archaism, but is to be explained from the fact that they belong solely to poetic language, which avoids the article ; in other cases, such as תרדמה deep sleep, there is no occasion for the article in the passages we possess. << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t
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