Varda Books



 View book pages:
 Buy this book:
  eBookshuk
  




262 The Noun [ §

by E. Kautzsch
262 The Noun [ § 93 a- d § 93. Paradigms of Masculine Nouns.  1 a Masculine nouns from the simple stem may, as regards their form and the vowel changes connected with it, be divided into four classes. A synopsis of them is given on pp. 264, 265, and they are further explained below. Two general remarks may be premised : ( a) That all feminines without a distinctive termination ( § 122 h) are treated like these masculine nouns, e. g. חרב /, sword, like מלך m. king, except that in the plural they usually take the termination Γή—; thus חרבות , constr. חךבות ( and so always before suffixes, see  § 95). , b ( b) That in the plural of the first three classes a changeable vowel is always retained even before the light suffixes as a lengthened pretonic vowel, whenever it also stands before the plural ending .__ ים All suffixes, except יהן ,^_ יהם ״ _ י כ ן , _ י כ ם ) הן , הם , כן , בם _^), are called light. Cf. § 92  e. Explanations of the Paradigms ( see pp. 264, 265). C 1. Paradigm I comprises the large class of segholate nouns ( §  84aa- e).  In the first three examples, from a strong stem, the ground-forms, molk, siphr, qüds have been developed by the adoption of a helping Seghol to מלך ( with  a modified to e), 1) ספ ר lengthened to e), קדש ( u lengthened to 0) 2  The next three examples, instead of the helping Seghol, have a helping Pathah, on account of the middle ( d, f) or final guttural ( e). In all these cases the constr. st. sing, coincides exactly with the absolute. The singular suffixes are added to the ground- form; but in c and f an ö takes the place of the original ü, and in d and f the guttural requires a repetition of the a and δ in the form of a Hateph ( פ$ לי , נעלי ) ; before a following Sewa this Hateph passes into a simple helping vowel ( a, o), according to § 28 c;  hence נעךך , & c. ( 1 In the plural an α- sound almost always appears before the tone-bearing affix י ם _ ( on the analogy of forms with original a in the 1 A sort of detailed commentary on the following scheme of Hebrewdeclensions is  supplied by E. König in his Hist.- krit. Lehrgeb. der hebr. Spr., ii. ι, p. ι ff. 2 According  to P. Haupt  The book of Nahum in the Journ. ofBibl. Lit., 1907, p. 29, the e in ספר and the 0 in £ Hj5 are not long but accented, and hence to be pronounced σίψρ,  οζν ( אזן ), a theory unknown at any rate to the Jewish grammarians.   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t t

Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  
262 The Noun [ § 93 a- d § 93. Paradigms of Masculine Nouns. 1 a Masculine nouns from the simple stem may, as regards their form and the vowel changes connected with it, be divided into four classes. A synopsis of them is given on pp. 264, 265, and they are further explained below. Two general remarks may be premised : ( a) That all feminines without a distinctive termination ( § 122 h) are treated like these masculine nouns, e. g. חרב /, sword, like מלך m. king, except that in the plural they usually take the termination Γή—; thus חרבות , constr. חךבות ( and so always before suffixes, see § 95). , b ( b) That in the plural of the first three classes a changeable vowel is always retained even before the light suffixes as a lengthened pretonic vowel, whenever it also stands before the plural ending .__ ים All suffixes, except יהן ,^_ יהם ״ _ י כ ן , _ י כ ם ) הן , הם , כן , בם _^), are called light. Cf. § 92 e. Explanations of the Paradigms ( see pp. 264, 265). C 1. Paradigm I comprises the large class of segholate nouns ( § 84a a- e). In the first three examples, from a strong stem, the ground-forms, molk, siphr, qüds have been developed by the adoption of a helping Seghol to מלך ( with a modified to e), 1) ספ ר lengthened to e), קדש ( u lengthened to 0) 2 The next three examples, instead of the helping Seghol, have a helping Pathah, on account of the middle ( d, f) or final guttural ( e). In all these cases the constr. st. sing, coincides exactly with the absolute. The singular suffixes are added to the ground- form; but in c and f an ö takes the place of the original ü, and in d and f the guttural requires a repetition of the a and δ in the form of a Hateph ( פ$ לי , נעלי ) ; before a following Sewa this Hateph passes into a simple helping vowel ( a, o), according to § 28 c; hence נעךך , & c. ( 1 In the plural an α- sound almost always appears before the tone-bearing affix י ם _ ( on the analogy of forms with original a in the 1 A sort of detailed commentary on the following scheme of Hebrew declensions is supplied by E. König in his Hist.- krit. Lehrgeb. der hebr. Spr., ii. ι, p. ι ff. 2 According to P. Haupt ' The book of Nahum' in the Journ. ofBibl. Lit., 1907, p. 29, the e in ספר and the 0 in £ Hj5 are not long but accented, and hence to be pronounced σίψρ, οζν ( אזן ), a theory unknown at any rate to the Jewish grammarians. << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t t
Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  

Varda Books - 1-59045-959-8


 Other related titles:
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)

 Already viewed books:
Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English EditionGesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition


TANAKH - INTERACTIVE HEBREW BIBLE