Varda Books



 View book pages:
 Buy this book:
  eBookshuk
  




H E B R E W G R A M M

by E. Kautzsch
H E B R E W G R A M M AR INTRODUCTION § 1. The Semitic Languages in General. B. Stade, Lehrb. der hebr, Gramm., Lpz. 1879,  § 2 ff. ; E. König, Hist.- krit. Lehrgeb. der hebr. Spr., i. Lpz. 1881,  § 3 ; H. Strack,  Einl. in das Α. T., 6th ed., Munich, 1906, p. 231 ff. ( a good bibliography  of all the Semitic dialects); Th. Nöldeke, article  Semitic Languages, in the 9th ed. of theEncycl. Brit. ( Die semit. Sprachen, 2nd ed., Lpz. 1899), and Beitr. zur sem. Sprachwiss., Strassb., 1904 ; W. Wright, Lectures on the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages, Cambr. 1890 ; H. Reckendorf,  Zur Karakteristik der sem. Sprachen, in the Actes du Xme Congres internat. des Orienialistes ( at Geneva in 1894), iii. 1 ff., Leiden, 1896; α. E. Lindberg, Vergl. Gramm, der sem. Sprachen, i A : Konsonan-tismus, Gothenburg, 1897 ; H. Zimmern, Vergl. Gramm, der sem. Sprachen, Berlin, 1898; Ε. König, Hebräisch und Semitisch: Prolegomena und Grundlinien einer Gesch. der sem. Sprachen, & c, Berlin, 1901 ; C. Brockelmann, Semitische Sprachwissenschaft, Lpz. 1906, Grundriss der vergl. Gramm, der sem. Sprachen, vol. i ( Laut- und Formenlehre), parts 1- 5, Berlin, 1907 f. and his Kurzgef. vergleichende Gramm. ( Porta Ling. Or.) Berlin, 1908.— The material contained in inscriptions has been in process of collection since 1881 in the Paris Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum. To this the best introductions are M. Lidz-barskis Handbuch der Nordsem. Epigraphik, Weimar, 1898, in 2 parts ( text and plates), and his Ephemeris zur sem. Epigraphik ( 5 parts published), Giessen, 1900 f. [ G. A. Cooke, Handbook of North- Semitic Inscriptions, Oxford, 1903]. 1. The Hebrew language is one branch of a great family of lan- CI guages in Western Asia which was indigenous in Palestine, Phoenicia, Syria, Mesopotamia, Babylonia, Assyria, and Arabia, that is to say, in the countries extending from the Mediterranean to the other side of the Euphrates and Tigris, and from the mountains of Armenia to the southern coast of Arabia. In early times, however, it spread from Arabia over Abyssinia, and by means of Phoenician colonies over many islands and sea- boards of the Mediterranean, as for instance to the Carthaginian coast. No comprehensive designation is found in early times for the  languages and nations of this family; the name Semites or Semitic1  languages ( based upon the fact that according to Gn io2  1 ff־ almost all nations speaking these languages are descended from Shem) is, however,  now generally accepted, and has accordingly been retained here. 2 1 First used by Schlözer  in Eichhorns Bepertorium für bibl. u. morgenl, Literatur, 1781, p. 161. 2 From Shem are derived ( Gn io21 ff.)  the Aramaean and Arab families as well as the Hebrews, but not the Canaanites  ( Phoenicians), who are traced back to Ham ( vv. 6• 1 5 ff.), although their language belongs decidedly to what is now called Semitic. The language of the Babylonians  and Assyrians also was long ago shown to  be Semitic, just as Assur ( Gn io22)  is included among the sons of Shem.   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t t

Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  
H E B R E W G R A M M AR INTRODUCTION § 1. The Semitic Languages in General. B. Stade, Lehrb. der hebr, Gramm., Lpz. 1879, § 2 ff. ; E. König, Hist.- krit. Lehrgeb. der hebr. Spr., i. Lpz. 1881, § 3 ; H. Strack, Einl. in das Α. T., 6th ed., Munich, 1906, p. 231 ff. ( a good bibliography of all the Semitic dialects); Th. Nöldeke, article ' Semitic Languages', in the 9th ed. of theEncycl. Brit. ( Die semit. Sprachen, 2nd ed., Lpz. 1899), and Beitr. zur sem. Sprachwiss., Strassb., 1904 ; W. Wright, Lectures on the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages, Cambr. 1890 ; H. Reckendorf, ' Zur Karakteristik der sem. Sprachen,' in the Actes du Xme Congres internat. des Orienialistes ( at Geneva in 1894), iii. 1 ff., Leiden, 1896; α. E. Lindberg, Vergl. Gramm, der sem. Sprachen, i A : Konsonan-tismus, Gothenburg, 1897 ; H. Zimmern, Vergl. Gramm, der sem. Sprachen, Berlin, 1898; Ε. König, Hebräisch und Semitisch: Prolegomena und Grundlinien einer Gesch. der sem. Sprachen, & c, Berlin, 1901 ; C. Brockelmann, Semitische Sprachwissenschaft, Lpz. 1906, Grundriss der vergl. Gramm, der sem. Sprachen, vol. i ( Laut- und Formenlehre), parts 1- 5, Berlin, 1907 f. and his Kurzgef. vergleichende Gramm. ( Porta Ling. Or.) Berlin, 1908.— The material contained in inscriptions has been in process of collection since 1881 in the Paris Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum. To this the best introductions are M. Lidz-barski's Handbuch der Nordsem. Epigraphik, Weimar, 1898, in 2 parts ( text and plates), and his Ephemeris zur sem. Epigraphik ( 5 parts published), Giessen, 1900 f. [ G. A. Cooke, Handbook of North- Semitic Inscriptions, Oxford, 1903]. 1. The Hebrew language is one branch of a great family of lan- CI guages in Western Asia which was indigenous in Palestine, Phoenicia, Syria, Mesopotamia, Babylonia, Assyria, and Arabia, that is to say, in the countries extending from the Mediterranean to the other side of the Euphrates and Tigris, and from the mountains of Armenia to the southern coast of Arabia. In early times, however, it spread from Arabia over Abyssinia, and by means of Phoenician colonies over many islands and sea- boards of the Mediterranean, as for instance to the Carthaginian coast. No comprehensive designation is found in early times for the languages and nations of this family; the name Semites or Semitic1 languages ( based upon the fact that according to Gn io2 1 ff־ almost all nations speaking these languages are descended from Shem) is, however, now generally accepted, and has accordingly been retained here. 2 1 First used by Schlözer in Eichhorn's Bepertorium für bibl. u. morgenl, Literatur, 1781, p. 161. 2 From Shem are derived ( Gn io21 ff.) the Aramaean and Arab families as well as the Hebrews, but not the Canaanites ( Phoenicians), who are traced back to Ham ( vv. 6• 1 5 ff.), although their language belongs decidedly to what is now called Semitic. The language of the Babylonians and Assyrians also was long ago shown to be Semitic, just as Assur ( Gn io22) is included among the sons of Shem. << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t t
Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  

Varda Books - 1-59045-959-8


 Other related titles:
The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)

 Already viewed books:
Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English EditionGesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition


TANAKH - INTERACTIVE HEBREW BIBLE