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§ 74 Verbs 205 §

by E. Kautzsch
§ 74 Verbs 205 § 74. Verbs ל״א , e. g. מצא to find. Paradigm 0. The א in these verbs, as in verbs פ״א , is treated in some cases as a a consonant, i. e. as a guttural, in others as having no consonantal value ( as a quiescent or vowel letter), viz,: 1. In those forms which terminate with the א , the final syllable always has the regular vowels, if long, e. g. N£ b, המציא , מציא , מצא , i . e. the א simply quiesces in the long vowel, without the latter suffering any change whatever. It is just possible that after the altogether heterogeneous vowel u the א may originally have preserved a certain consonantal value. On the other hand, if the final א quiesces in a preceding a ( as in the perfect, imperfect, and imperative Qal, in the perfect Niphal, and in Pual and Hophal) this a is necessarily lengthened to ä, by § 27 g,  as standing in an open syllable; e. g. , מצא ימצא , & c. The imperfect and imperative Qal invariably have ä in  the final syllable, on b the arialogy of verbs tertiae gutturalis ; cf., however, § 76 e.— In  the imperfect Hithpael ä occurs in the  final syllable not only ( according to § 54 k)  in the principal pause ( Nu 3123), or immediately  before it ( Jb 1016), or  with the lesser disjunctives ( Lv 211.4, Nu 1913.20), but  even out of pause  withMerekha, Nu 67,  and even before Maqqeph in Nu  1912. 2. When א stands at the end of a syllable before an afformative C beginning with a consonant ( נ , ת ), it likewise quiesces with the preceding vowel; thus in the perfect Qal ( and Hophal, see below) quiescing with a it regularly becomes Qames (? מצאי for ! מצאי , & c.); but in the perfect of all the other active and reflexive conjugations, so far as they occur, it is preceded by Sere ( נמצאת , Sec.), and in the imperative and imperfect by Seghol, . תמצאנה , מצאנה ( a) The Seghol of these forms of the imperfect and imperative might be d considered as a modification,  and at the same time a lengthening of an original a ( see § 8 a).  In the same way the e of the perfect forms in Piel, Hithpael, and Hiphil  might be traced to an original i ( as in other cases the Ρ and i in the final syllable of the 3rd sing. masc. perfect of these conjuga-tions), although this ϊ may have only been attenuated from an original a. According to another, and probably the correct explanation, however, both the Sere and the Seghol are due to the analogy of verbs 75  § ) ליה consequence of the close relation between the two classes, cf. § 75 nn.—  No form of this kind occurs  in Pual; in the perfect Hophal only the  2nd masc. sing. הבאתה Ez 404,  lengthened according to rule. ( b) Before suffixes attached by a connecting vowel ( e. g. יקראני ) the א C retains its consonantal value; so before ך and בם , e. g. אמצאך Ct 81; הביאך Ez 2813  ( cf. § 65 h),  not אמצאך , & c, since these suffixes, by § 58  f, are likewise attached to the  verb- form by a connecting vowel  in the form of Sewa mobile.— As  infinitive Qal with suffix notice מהאך Ez  256; participle with suffix בראך Is 431;  infinitive Piel בטמאכם .— The doubly anomalous  form יקראו Jer 236 (  for יקראהו or יקראנו ) is perhaps a forma mixta combining the readings יקראו and \\ קראי COWLEY Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index

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§ 74 Verbs 205 § 74. Verbs ל״א , e. g. מצא to find. Paradigm 0. The א in these verbs, as in verbs פ״א , is treated in some cases as a a consonant, i. e. as a guttural, in others as having no consonantal value ( as a quiescent or vowel letter), viz,: 1. In those forms which terminate with the א , the final syllable always has the regular vowels, if long, e. g. N£ b, המציא , מציא , מצא , i . e. the א simply quiesces in the long vowel, without the latter suffering any change whatever. It is just possible that after the altogether heterogeneous vowel u the א may originally have preserved a certain consonantal value. On the other hand, if the final א quiesces in a preceding a ( as in the perfect, imperfect, and imperative Qal, in the perfect Niph'al, and in Pual and Hoph'al) this a is necessarily lengthened to ä, by § 27 g, as standing in an open syllable; e. g. , מצא ימצא , & c. The imperfect and imperative Qal invariably have ä in the final syllable, on b the arialogy of verbs tertiae gutturalis ; cf., however, § 76 e.— In the imperfect Hithpa'el ä occurs in the final syllable not only ( according to § 54 k) in the principal pause ( Nu 3123), or immediately before it ( Jb 1016), or with the lesser disjunctives ( Lv 211.4, Nu 1913.20), but even out of pause with Merekha, Nu 67, and even before Maqqeph in Nu 1912. 2. When א stands at the end of a syllable before an afformative C beginning with a consonant ( נ , ת ), it likewise quiesces with the preceding vowel; thus in the perfect Qal ( and Hoph'al, see below) quiescing with a it regularly becomes Qames (? מצאי for ! מצאי , & c.); but in the perfect of all the other active and reflexive conjugations, so far as they occur, it is preceded by Sere ( נמצאת , Sec.), and in the imperative and imperfect by Seghol, . תמצאנה , מצאנה ( a) The Seghol of these forms of the imperfect and imperative might be d considered as a modification, and at the same time a lengthening of an original a ( see § 8 a). In the same way the e of the perfect forms in Pi'el, Hithpa'el, and Hiph'il might be traced to an original i ( as in other cases the Ρ and i in the final syllable of the 3rd sing. masc. perfect of these conjuga-tions), although this ϊ may have only been attenuated from an original a. According to another, and probably the correct explanation, however, both the Sere and the Seghol are due to the analogy of verbs 75 § ) ליה consequence of the close relation between the two classes, cf. § 75 nn.— No form of this kind occurs in Pu'al; in the perfect Hoph'al only the 2nd masc. sing. הבאתה Ez 404, lengthened according to rule. ( b) Before suffixes attached by a connecting vowel ( e. g. יקראני ) the א C retains its consonantal value; so before ך and בם , e. g. אמצאך Ct 81; הביאך Ez 2813 ( cf. § 65 h), not אמצאך , & c, since these suffixes, by § 58 f, are likewise attached to the verb- form by a connecting vowel in the form of Sewa mobile.— As infinitive Qal with suffix notice מהאך Ez 256; participle with suffix בראך Is 431; infinitive Pi'el בטמאכם .— The' doubly anomalous form יקראו Jer 236 ( for יקראהו or יקראנו ) is perhaps a forma mixta combining the readings יקראו and \\\\ קראי COWLEY << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index
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