Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol.

The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

xii GRIERSON ( Sir GEORGE ABRAHAM), K. C. I. E., Ph. D. ( Halle), D. Litt. ( Dublin), I. C. S. ( retired). Fellow of the British Academy; Honorary Member of the American Oriental Society; Honorary Fellow of the Asiatic Society of Bengal; Foreign Associate Member of the Société Asiatique de Paris; Hon. Secretary of the Royal Asiatic Society; Superinten­dent of the Linguistic Survey of India. Tulasi- Dasa. GRIERSON ( HERBERT JOHN CLIFFORD), M. A., LL. D. Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature in the University of Edinburgh; editor of The Poems of John Donne. Vondel. GRIEVE ( ALEXANDER JAMES), M. A. ( Oxon.), B. A., D. D. ( Lond.). Principal of the Lancashire Independent College, Manchester; assistant- editor of Peake’s Commentary on the Bible. Vows ( Christian). HAGAR ( STANSBURY), B. A., LL. B. Counsellor at Law; Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sci­ence, and the American Anthropological Association; Executive Officer of the Depart­ments of Ethnology and Astronomy in the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. Sun, Moon, and Stars ( American). HALDANE ( ELIZABETH SANDERSON), C. H., LL. D. Author of The Life of James Ferrier ( 1899), Life of Descartes ( 1905); joint- translator of Hegel’s History of Philosophy ( 1892), and The Philosophical Works of Descartes ( 1911– 12). Voltaire. HARADA ( TASUKU), D. D., LL. D. Formerly President of the Doshisha Univer­sity, Kyoto, Japan. Suicide ( Japanese). HARRISON ( JANE ELLEN), LL. D. ( Aberd.), D. Litt. ( Durham). Staff Lecturer and sometime Fellow of Newnham College, Cambridge; author of The Religion of Ancient Greece ( 1905), Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Reli­gion ( 1907), Themis: a Study of the Social Origins of Greek Religion ( 1912). Titans, Under World ( Greek). HARTLAND ( EDWIN SIDNEY), LL. D., F. S. A. President of the Folklore Society, 1899; President of the Anthropological Section of the British Association, 1906; President of Section I ( Religions of the Lower Culture) at the Oxford International Congress for the History of Religions. 1908; author of The Legend of Perseus, Primitive Paternity, Ritual and Belief. Totemism, Twins. HASTINGS ( ANNE WILSON), M. A. H. M. District Inspector of Factories, Leeds. Utilitarianism. HENKE ( FREDERICK GOODRICH), M. A., Ph. D. Truman D. Collins Professor of Philosophy and Education in Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania; Member of the Royal Asiatic Society ( North China Branch); author of A Study in the Psychology of Ritualism, The Philosophy of Wang Yang- ming. Wang Yang- ming. HILL ( GEORGE FEANCIS), M. A., ( Oxon.), F. B. A. Keeper of the Department of Coins and Medals in the British Museum. Token, Treaties. HILLEBRANDT ( A. F. ALFRED), Ph. D. ( Munich), LL. D. Ord. Professor of Sanskrit and Comparative Philology in the University of Breslau; Corresponding Member of the Königliche Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göt­tingen, and of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences; Geheimer Regierungsrat. Worship ( Hindu). INGE ( WILLIAM RALPH), D. D. Dean of St. Paul’s; author of Christian Mysticism ( 1899), Studies of English Mystics ( 1906), Personal Idealism and Mysticism ( 1907), Faith and its Psychol­ogy ( 1908). Synderesis. JACKSON ( A. V. WILLIAMS), Ph. D., L. H. D., LL. D. Professor of Indo- Iranian Languages in Co­lumbia University, New York; author of Zoroaster, the Prophet of Ancient Iran; Persia, Past and Present. Sun, Moon, and Stars ( Iranian). JAMES ( EDWIN OLIVER), B. Sc., B. Litt. ( Oxon.), F. C. S. ( Lond.). Vicar of Holy Trinity, Reading; Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute; Member of Council of the Folklore Society; Secre­tary of the Anthropological Section of the British Association; author of Primitive Ritual and Belief, An Introduction to Anthropology, and other works. Tutelary Gods and Spirits, Water, Water- gods ( Primitive and Savage), Yawning. JENKINSON ( Mrs. CONSTANCE), F. R. A. I. Somerville College, Oxford; Diploma in Anthropology, Oxford. Tatuing. JOHNS ( CLAUDE HERMANN WALTER), M. A., Litt. D., D. D. Late Master of St. Catharine’s College, Cambridge, and Canon Residentiary of Norwich; author of Assyrian Deeds and Documents of the 7th Century B. C., Baby­lonian and Assyrian Laws, Contracts and Letters, the Schweich Lectures on The Rela­tions between the Laws of Babylonia and the Laws of the Hebrew Peoples. Usury ( Babylonian). JOHNSON ( HUMPHREY JOHN T.), B. A. ( Oxon.). Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Insti­tute. Sweat, Sweat- house. JOHNSTON ( REGINALD FLEMING), C. B. E., M. A. ( Oxon.). Tutor to H. M. the Emperor Hsüan T’ung; formerly District Officer and Magistrate, Weihaiwei ( administered the Government 1917– 18); author of From Peking to Mandalay ( 1908), Lion and Dragon in Northern China ( 1910), Buddhist China ( 1913), Letters to a Missionary ( 1918). Vows ( Chinese), War, War- gods ( Chi­nese), Worship ( Chinese). AUTHORS OF ARTICLES IN THIS VOLUMEAnd— Art | Art— Bun  | Bur— Con  | Con— Dra | Dra— Fic  | Fic— Hyk  | Hym— Lib  | Lif— Mul  | Mun— Phr  | Pic— Sac | Sac— Sud  | Suf— Zwi   P a g e      V i e w    P a g e       V i e w  Search | F i n d  | H o m e | Index

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12


About Book Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12

Front matterTitle pageCopyright pagePREFACEAUTHORS OF ARTICLES IN THIS VOLUMECROSS-REFERENCESLISTS OF ABBREVIATIONS
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The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 9
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 10
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Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
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Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

The Bunker
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Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology – and faith – at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

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Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Daniel
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The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 12 vls. plus Index
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Jews, Pagans and Christians In Conflict
A fresh look at the propaganda wars between Jews and Pagans as well as Christians and Pagans during the first centuries of the common era.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

A Catalogue of Fragments of Halakhah and Midrash from the Cairo Genizah
The core of this impressive volume is its catalog of Rabbinica that is accompanied by twelve facsimile pages of representative documents.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 5
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

Volume 10, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Ezra Studies


Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
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