Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol.

The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

vi BULLOCK ( THOMAS LOWNDES), M. A. Professor of Chinese in the University of Oxford. Drama ( Chinese). BURN ( A. E.), M. A., D. D. Vicar of Halifax; Prebendary of Lichfield; Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of Lich field; author of An Introduction to the Creeds, Niceta of Remesiana. Creeds ( Ecumenical). BURNS ( ISLAY FERRIER), M. A. Tutor and Librarian in Westminster College, Cambridge; formerly Snell Exhibitioner at Balliol College, Oxford. Cosmogony and Cosmology ( Greek, Roman). CASARTELLI ( LOUIS CHARLES), M. A. ( Lond.), D. D., and D. Litt. Or. ( Louvain), M. R. A. S. Bishop of Salford; Lecturer on Iranian Lan-guages and Literature in the University of Manchester; formerly Professor of Zend and Pahlavi in the University of Louvain. Disease and Medicine ( Persian). CHAMBERLAIN ( ALEXANDER FRANCIS), M. A. ( Toronto), Ph. D. ( Clark). Assistant Professor of Anthropology in Clark University, Worcester, Mass.; editor of the Journal of American Folklore ( 1900– 1908); author of The Child and Childhood in Folk- Thought, The Child: A Study in the Evolu tion of Man. Disease and Medicine ( American). COBB ( WILLIAM F.), D. D. Rector of the Church of St. Ethelburga the Virgin, London, E. C. Convocation. CRAWLEY ( ALFRED ERNEST), M. A. ( Camb.). Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute and of the Sociological Society; author of The Mystic Rose, The Tree of Life, The Idea of the Soul. Cursing and Blessing, Dew, Doubles. CROOKE ( WILLIAM), B. A. Ex- Scholar of Trinity College, Dublin; Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute; President of the Anthropological Section of the British Association, 1910; President of the Folk- lore Society, 1911; late of the Bengal Civil Service. Dangi, Daphla, Death and Disposal of the Dead ( Indian, non- Aryan), Dehra, Delhi, Demons and Spirits ( Indian), Deogarh, Deoprayag, Devi Patan, Dhinodar, Dom, Dosadh. D’ALVIELLA ( COUNT GOBLET), Ph. D., LL. D. ( Glas. and Aber.). Member and Secretary of the Belgian Senate; Professor of History of Religions in the University of Brussels; Hibbert Lecturer, 1891; Commander of the Order of Leopold; author of The Migration of Symbols. Cross. DAVIDS ( Mrs. RHYS), M. A. Lecturer on Indian Philosophy in the Uni-versity of Manchester. Desire ( Buddhist). DAVIDS ( T. W. RHYS), LL. D., Ph. D., D. Sc. Professor of Comparative Religion, Man-chester; President of the Pali Text Society; Fellow of the British Academy; author of Buddhism ( 1878), Questions of King Milinda ( 1890– 94), Buddhist India ( 1902), Early Bud dhism ( 1908). Crimes and Punishments ( Buddhist), Devadatta, Dhammapala, Discipline ( Buddhist). DAVIDSON ( JOHN), M. A., D. Sc. Formerly Professor of Political Economy in the University of New Brunswick. Dacoity. DAVIDSON ( WILLIAM LESLIE), M. A., LL. D. Professor of Logic and Metaphysics in the University of Aberdeen; author of The Logic of Definition, Theism as grounded in Human Nature, Christian Ethics, The Stoic Creed. Desire ( Greek). DHALLA ( DASTUR Dr. MANECKJI NUSSERVANJI), M. A., Ph. D. High Priest of the Parsis of Sind, Panjab, and Baluchistan. Crimes and Punishments ( Parsi). DORNER ( AUGUST), Dr. Theol. und Philos. Ordentlicher Professor an der Universität zu Königsberg. Consistency ( Ethical). DOTTIN ( GEORGES), Docteur ès- Lettres. Professeur de langue et littérature grecques à l’Université de Rennes. Cosmogony and Cosmology ( Celtic), Divination ( Celtic). FALLAIZE ( EDWIN NICHOLAS COLLINGFORD), B. A. ( Oxon.). Late King Charles Exhibitioner, Exeter Col-lege, Oxford; Recorder, Section H ( Anthro-pology) of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Coyoteros. FELTOE ( CHARLES LETT), D. D. Rector of Ripple, near Dover; formerly Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge. Consecration. FORTESCUE ( ADRIAN), Ph. D., D. D. ( Innsbruck). Roman Catholic Priest at Letchworth. Docetism. FOUCART ( GEORGE B.), Docteur ès- Lettres. Professeur d’Histoire des Religions à l’Université d’Aix- Marseille; Professeur à l’Institut Colonial de Marseille ( Religions et coutumes des peuples d’Afrique); Ancien Inspecteur en chef du Service des Antiquités de l’Égypte; auteur de Antiquités de l’Égypte; auteur de La Méthode compara tive dans l’Histoire des Religions. Conscience ( Egyptian), Demons and Spirits ( Egyptian), Disease and Medi-cine ( Egyptian), Divination ( Egyp-tian). GARDNER ( ALICE), F. R. Hist. S. Lecturer and Associate of Newnham College, Cambridge; author of Julian, Philosopher and Emperor; Theodore of Studium. Courage. AUTHORS OF ARTICLES IN THIS VOLUMEAnd— Art | Art— Bun | Bur— Con | Con— Dra | Dra— Fic | Fic— Hyk | Hym— Lib | Lif— Mul | Mun— Phr | Pic— Sac | Sac— Sud | Suf— Zwi   P a g e      V i e w Search | F i n d  | H o m e  | Index   P a g e      V i e w

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4


About Book Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageAUTHORS OF ARTICLES IN THIS VOLUMECROSS-REFERENCESLISTS OF ABBREVIATIONS
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A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
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History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


Jewish Influence on Christian Reform Movements
This work is a study of a few typical “Reform Movements” or heresies in the history of Catholicism during the Middle Ages and of Protestantism during the Reformation era. It has been undertaken with a view to describing and analyzing the contributions by Jews and Judaism to the rise and development of these movements.

Studies in Jewish Education X: In Search of Jewish Paideia : Directions in the Philosophy of the Jewish Education
The 10th volume of Studies in Jewish Education reflects the commitment of the Hebrew University in general, and of the Melton Centre in particular, to reflection and research on issues pertaining to Jewish education. The essays and articles appearing in this volume represent the summary of a conference held in honor of Prof. Michael Rosenak on the occasion of his retirement after 33 years of research and teaching at the Melton Centre.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 1
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Jesus
A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

The Sages -- Their Concepts and Beliefs
...an indespensable book for all those who are curious to know how the rabbis of the Talmud handled philosophical and theological issues. It has few peers. --David Weiss Halivni

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

Jews, Pagans and Christians In Conflict
A fresh look at the propaganda wars between Jews and Pagans as well as Christians and Pagans during the first centuries of the common era.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
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Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

THE EIGHT CHAPTERS OF MAIMONIDES ON ETHICS


Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

Luah Hashanah 5779
Hebrew Calendar for the year 5779

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Tractate Berakhos & Tamid v. I: Commentary and Study Guide
Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect perfect companion for the study of Talmud. Designed for those who already know something, the series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content using outlines, elucidations of its text and commentaries: it explains the sequence of Talmud's texts, overviews discussed topics, zooms in on how aggadic portions of Talmud interact with its legal discussions, and much more...

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

Treatise Ta anit of the Babylonian Talmud: Critically Edited and Provided With A Translation and Notes
This book presents the first critical edition of the Talmudic text based on a minute collation of all the existing manuscripts and early editions of the Talmud itself, as well as of the Mishnah, Tosefta, the numerous halakic and haggadic Midrashim, the Yerushalmi, and the so-called Minor Tractates. The text is translated and elucidated for the benefit of a wider circle of readers, who are not in a position to study the original.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Ezra Studies


Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.