Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel...

Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

ix PREFACE Since the days of my graduate studies in Romance Languages and Literature at the University of Pennsylvania, I have been interested in the Inquisition and its attitude toward the Spanish and Portuguese converts from Judaism who were opprobriously dubbed Marranos. Our information about these hapless creatures comes almost exclusively from non- Jewish sources that more often than not manifest a virulence toward the seed of Abraham. Marrano refugees from the Iberian Peninsula have left us glimpses of their life under the Inquisition, but these are infrequent and sporadic, and appear mostly as obiter dicta in responsa dealing with legal problems engendered by the Marranos’ religious status. It was therefore a momentous personal discovery when I learned that the library of the Hebrew Union College- Jewish Institute of Religion contained copies of all three editions of the exceedingly rare Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century. I learned to my surprise that although several attempts had been made to translate the Consolaçam into a language more accessible to modern Jewish scholarship, no full translation of the work as yet existed in any language. I therefore undertook this task and completed the translation nearly five years ago. I proceeded to write a book- length study on the work, which revealed the context of the times in which it was written, and the life, methodology and sources of its author. In preparing the translation for publication, I decided to condense this lengthy study so that it would fit into the confines of the present introduction. The Consolaçam is not an easy work to translate. Its shoals and reefs are difficult to navigate. Its excursive and florid style, its intricate syntax, its lengthy periods, its flexible, almost fickle vocabulary and its abundant Hispanicisms and neologisms all make inordinate demands upon the translator. Its often elusive references to the Bible and to rabbinic and secular literature force him to painstaking research to insure that measure of comprehension which makes possible the translation of the authors intent. Besides, the two sixteenth- century editions and the twentieth-

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel


About Book Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel

FRONT MATTERTITLE PAGECOPYRIGHT PAGEDedication PageFOREWORDPREFACECONTENTSINTRODUCTIONCONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFRONTISPIECE FROM ORIGINAL EDITION IN 1553DEDICATIONPROLOGUEFIRST DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IPASTORAL DIALOGUE ON MATTERS OF SACRED SCRIPTURE INTERLOCUTORS: YCABO, NUMEO & ZICAREOPASTORAL LIFEHUNT OF CONIES AND HARESHUNT OF STAGS [AND HERONS]THE ORIGIN OF ISRAEL AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLETRIBULATIONS OF ISRAEL, ABBREVIATEDFIRSTTHE FIRST EXPERIENCES OF ISRAEL IN THE HOLY LAND [PART I][PART II] THE LIFE OF THE WICKED, IN THE GUISE OF CONIES AND HARESKINGS170 [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART 1][PART II] KINGS OF ISRAEL[PART III] THE HUNT OF STAGS TRANSFIGURED INTO THE LIFE OF THE WICKEDLAMENT OVER THE LOSS OF THE TEN TRIBESCONSOLATION ON THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESORIGIN OF IDOLATRYHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESDIVINE CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESCHAP.270 OF THE KINGS OF JUDAH [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART IV][PART V] HUNT OF HERONS, ADAPTED TO THE WICKED KINGS OF JUDAHISRAEL'S LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEEND OF THE FIRST DIALOGUE.SECOND DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IIZICAREO, YCABO, NUMEO—INTERLOCUTORSCONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEBLESSINGS WHICH WERE LACKING IN THE SECOND TEMPLEEVENTS OF THE SECOND TEMPLETHE PASSAGES WHICH WERE CHANGED BY THOSE WHO TRANSLATED THE LAW[ANTIOCHUS' PERSECUTION][THE MARTYRDOM OF ELEAZAR][THE MARTYRDOM OF HANNAH AND HER SEVEN SONS][THE MACCABEES AND THE HASMONEAN DYNASTY][THE COMING OF THE ROMANS]THE STRUCTURE OF THE SECOND TEMPLE[THE REBELLIONS AGAINST ROME]LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLECONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLEEND OF THE SECOND DIALOGUETHIRD DIALOGUESUBT IT LES FOR DIALOGUE IIIINTERLOCUTORS YCABO, ZICAREO, NUMEOFIRST MISFORTUNE. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 40772. FRANCE. YEAR 40773. SPAIN. TOLEDO4. TOLEDO. YEAR 4923 [1163]5. FRANCE6. FRANCE7. SPAIN8. PERSIA. YEAR 4924 [1164]9. GERMANY [1420]11. NAPLES, IN ITALY. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5000 [1240]12. ENGLAND. YEAR 5002 [1242]13. ENGLAND14. FLANDERS15. GERMANY. YEAR 5022 [1262]16. MISFORTUNES IN MANY PLACES. YEAR 5080 [1320]17. ITALY. YEAR 5081 [1321]18. FRANCE. YEAR 5081 [1321]19. GERMANY. YEAR 500620. FRANCE. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5106 [1346]21. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 585022. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 12158123. SPAIN. YEAR 5216 [1456]24. SPAIN. YEAR 5248 [1488]25. THE INQUISITION IN SPAIN. YEAR 5251 [1491]26. YEAR 5252 [1492] WHEN THE JEWS FROM CASTILE ENTERED PORTUGAL27. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5253 [1493] WHEN MY CHILDREN WERE SENT TO THE LIZARDS28. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5257 [1497] WHEN THEY WERE MADE CHRISTIANS BY FORCE29. THE SLAUGHTER IN PORTUGAL. YEAR 5266 [1506]CHAP. 30 YEAR 5291 [1531] CONCERNING THE INQUISITION IN PORTUGAL31. CONCERNING THOSE WHO HAVE LEFT AND WHO ARE LEAVING PORTUGAL SINCE THE YEAR 5291 [1531]32. NAPLES33. CONSTANTINOPLE. YEAR 5302 [1542]34. SALONIKA. 5305 [1545]35. BOHEMIA. YEAR 130636. ITALY. YEAR 5311 [1551]37. PESARO. YEAR 5313 [1553]FINAL LAMENT OVER ALL ISRAEL'S MISFORTUNES PAST AND PRESENTHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFINAL AND DIVINE CONSOLATION, WITH ALL THE PROPHECIES OF THE BLESSINGS WHICH ISRAEL AWAITS AS A TRUE REMEDY AND FULL SATISFACTION FOR ALL ITS MISFORTUNESCHAP. [sic] CONCERNING VENGEANCESBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEM AND THE HOLY LANDCHAP. [sic] HOW FOR ISRAEL'S BENEFIT ITS NATURE AND THAT OF THE HOLY LAND ARE TO BE CHANGEDBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEMBLESSINGS FOR JERUSALEM AND THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE HOLY LANDCONSOLATION FOR THE LANDBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELCONSOLATION FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL AND JUDAHCONSUMMATE BLESSING ON ALLSUBLIME AND MARVELOUS MANNERS OF CONSOLATION FOR ISRAELBLESSINGS FOR ISRAEL, ADMONISHING IT TO ENTER INTO REPENTANCECHAP. HOW ALL THE DEAD OF ISRAEL ARE TO REVIVECHAP. [sic] HOW THERE WILL BE A SINGLE KING OVER ISRAEL AND JUDAHTHE GREAT AND MOST NOTABLE VENGEANCE AGAINST THE NATIONS IN THE NAME OF GOG AND MAGOGBLESSING FOR THE ISRAELITIC PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELPSALM CXXVITHE END, PRAISE BE TO GOD.APPENDICES, NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHYAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX B1. THE BIBLE2. JOSEPHUS OR YOSIPPON?3. THE CLASSICS4. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE5. RABBINIC LITERATURE7. THE HISTORICAL SOURCES OF DIALOGUE III8. THE L. I. E. B. AND ABRAVANELNOTESINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IVDEDICATION & PROLOGUEDIALOGUE IDIALOGUE IIDIALOGUE IIIAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX BBIBLIOGRAPHYSCRIPTURAL INDEXINDEX OF PROPER NAMES FOUND IN THE TEXT OF THE CONSOLACAM
consolation tribulations israel page https publishersrow tribulatio ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks many centuries thoughtful scholarly asked question righteous suffer anxious help reach answer brilliant young scholar martin cohen prepared translation consolaçam tribulaçoens history jews written portuguese marrano witnessed tragic events that befell people portugal first half sixteenth century
eBookshuk Books

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 8
qwer

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Ezra Studies


Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 11
qerer

History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

Conversos and the Inquisition in Jaén. Hispania Judaica, v. 7
Description of the fate of the Conversos in the Kingdom of Jaén at the hands of the Inquisition Tribunal which operated there for 43 years, from 1483 until 1526.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making “all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive.” The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

The Jews of Yugoslavia: A Quest for Community
This work is a pioneer study of a little-known part of the modern Jewish world that is at once unique and a microcosm of European Jewry as a whole. The story of the Jews of Yugoslavia can be seen as a quest for community, to forge a unity of communal purpose and endeavor.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus
The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

Studies in Jewish Education II: Jewish Educational Research in Diaspora
History, trends and problems with the Jewish education in America.

TestBook3
Short Description

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

History of the Jews, Vol. 6: A Memoir of the Author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, A Chronological Table of Jewish History, An Index to the Whole Work, and Four Maps
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The sixth volume contains a memoir of the author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, a chronological table of Jewish history, an index to the whole work, and four maps.

A Grammar of Samaritan Hebrew
The importance of the Samaritan pronunciation of Hebrew has gained wide acceptance as essential for reaching a correct understanding of the processes that affected the development of the Hebrew language in the late second temple period.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

New Heart, New Spirit: Biblical Humanism for Modern Israel
New Heart, New Spirit confronts the ethical and moral values of the Bible in the context of the critical situation that Israel and Zionism are facing. It is an outcry and a challenge to the xenophobic movements focused on “holy wars,” power, land, and blood.

The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times
Norman A. Stillman continues the saga he so eloquently began in his first volume, The Jews of Arab Lands, up through the dramatic events of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the forces, events, and personalities that over the past 150 years have shaped the Jewish communities of the Arab world.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
sadf

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Tanakh: Interactive Hebrew Bible
Cross-platform, interactive, new electronic edition of the Leningrad Codex, the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible.

Ruby of Cochin: An Indian Jewish Woman Remembers
This book is a Cochin cake, full of secret goodies and unexpected surprises and mysterious tastes, exotic and familiar. Each story told by Ruby Daniel reveals the unique way of life of the Cochin Jews and preserves it for future generations.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

Jews in the Hungarian Economy 1760-1945
In the sixteen essays in this volume, scholars from three continents explore dispassionately various facets of the Jewish presence in the Hungarian economy over a span of two centuries. (Two of the articles deal with Vienna which had quite a sizeable contingent of Hungarian Jews.) The topics range from pure economic history dealing with entrepreneurship and occupational structure, to related fields such as demography, urbanization and nutrition. Several studies discuss the interaction of both

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

Jewish Life In The Middle Ages
A sweeping view of Jewish historical and cultural experience. Written in the end of the 19th century by an extremly astute historian and a storyteller, this volume will assist readers in better understanding the position of Jews in today's world as well.

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studies in Bible I (Scripta Hierosolymitana VIII)
Publication of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
wert

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Khurbm: 1914–1922. Prelude to the Holocaust. The Beginning.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union and opening of Russian, Ukrainian, and Polish archives, the genocide of the Jewish people committed by the Russian Imperial Army during World War I is increasingly becoming a topic of books and scholarly research. The appreciation that this purposeful destruction was the prelude to the Holocaust is slowly but surely entering today's scholarship as well.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.