Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel...

Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

ix PREFACE Since the days of my graduate studies in Romance Languages and Literature at the University of Pennsylvania, I have been interested in the Inquisition and its attitude toward the Spanish and Portuguese converts from Judaism who were opprobriously dubbed Marranos. Our information about these hapless creatures comes almost exclusively from non- Jewish sources that more often than not manifest a virulence toward the seed of Abraham. Marrano refugees from the Iberian Peninsula have left us glimpses of their life under the Inquisition, but these are infrequent and sporadic, and appear mostly as obiter dicta in responsa dealing with legal problems engendered by the Marranos’ religious status. It was therefore a momentous personal discovery when I learned that the library of the Hebrew Union College- Jewish Institute of Religion contained copies of all three editions of the exceedingly rare Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century. I learned to my surprise that although several attempts had been made to translate the Consolaçam into a language more accessible to modern Jewish scholarship, no full translation of the work as yet existed in any language. I therefore undertook this task and completed the translation nearly five years ago. I proceeded to write a book- length study on the work, which revealed the context of the times in which it was written, and the life, methodology and sources of its author. In preparing the translation for publication, I decided to condense this lengthy study so that it would fit into the confines of the present introduction. The Consolaçam is not an easy work to translate. Its shoals and reefs are difficult to navigate. Its excursive and florid style, its intricate syntax, its lengthy periods, its flexible, almost fickle vocabulary and its abundant Hispanicisms and neologisms all make inordinate demands upon the translator. Its often elusive references to the Bible and to rabbinic and secular literature force him to painstaking research to insure that measure of comprehension which makes possible the translation of the authors intent. Besides, the two sixteenth- century editions and the twentieth-

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel


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FRONT MATTERTITLE PAGECOPYRIGHT PAGEDedication PageFOREWORDPREFACECONTENTSINTRODUCTIONCONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFRONTISPIECE FROM ORIGINAL EDITION IN 1553DEDICATIONPROLOGUEFIRST DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IPASTORAL DIALOGUE ON MATTERS OF SACRED SCRIPTURE INTERLOCUTORS: YCABO, NUMEO & ZICAREOPASTORAL LIFEHUNT OF CONIES AND HARESHUNT OF STAGS [AND HERONS]THE ORIGIN OF ISRAEL AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLETRIBULATIONS OF ISRAEL, ABBREVIATEDFIRSTTHE FIRST EXPERIENCES OF ISRAEL IN THE HOLY LAND [PART I][PART II] THE LIFE OF THE WICKED, IN THE GUISE OF CONIES AND HARESKINGS170 [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART 1][PART II] KINGS OF ISRAEL[PART III] THE HUNT OF STAGS TRANSFIGURED INTO THE LIFE OF THE WICKEDLAMENT OVER THE LOSS OF THE TEN TRIBESCONSOLATION ON THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESORIGIN OF IDOLATRYHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESDIVINE CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESCHAP.270 OF THE KINGS OF JUDAH [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART IV][PART V] HUNT OF HERONS, ADAPTED TO THE WICKED KINGS OF JUDAHISRAEL'S LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEEND OF THE FIRST DIALOGUE.SECOND DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IIZICAREO, YCABO, NUMEO—INTERLOCUTORSCONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEBLESSINGS WHICH WERE LACKING IN THE SECOND TEMPLEEVENTS OF THE SECOND TEMPLETHE PASSAGES WHICH WERE CHANGED BY THOSE WHO TRANSLATED THE LAW[ANTIOCHUS' PERSECUTION][THE MARTYRDOM OF ELEAZAR][THE MARTYRDOM OF HANNAH AND HER SEVEN SONS][THE MACCABEES AND THE HASMONEAN DYNASTY][THE COMING OF THE ROMANS]THE STRUCTURE OF THE SECOND TEMPLE[THE REBELLIONS AGAINST ROME]LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLECONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLEEND OF THE SECOND DIALOGUETHIRD DIALOGUESUBT IT LES FOR DIALOGUE IIIINTERLOCUTORS YCABO, ZICAREO, NUMEOFIRST MISFORTUNE. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 40772. FRANCE. YEAR 40773. SPAIN. TOLEDO4. TOLEDO. YEAR 4923 [1163]5. FRANCE6. FRANCE7. SPAIN8. PERSIA. YEAR 4924 [1164]9. GERMANY [1420]11. NAPLES, IN ITALY. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5000 [1240]12. ENGLAND. YEAR 5002 [1242]13. ENGLAND14. FLANDERS15. GERMANY. YEAR 5022 [1262]16. MISFORTUNES IN MANY PLACES. YEAR 5080 [1320]17. ITALY. YEAR 5081 [1321]18. FRANCE. YEAR 5081 [1321]19. GERMANY. YEAR 500620. FRANCE. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5106 [1346]21. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 585022. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 12158123. SPAIN. YEAR 5216 [1456]24. SPAIN. YEAR 5248 [1488]25. THE INQUISITION IN SPAIN. YEAR 5251 [1491]26. YEAR 5252 [1492] WHEN THE JEWS FROM CASTILE ENTERED PORTUGAL27. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5253 [1493] WHEN MY CHILDREN WERE SENT TO THE LIZARDS28. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5257 [1497] WHEN THEY WERE MADE CHRISTIANS BY FORCE29. THE SLAUGHTER IN PORTUGAL. YEAR 5266 [1506]CHAP. 30 YEAR 5291 [1531] CONCERNING THE INQUISITION IN PORTUGAL31. CONCERNING THOSE WHO HAVE LEFT AND WHO ARE LEAVING PORTUGAL SINCE THE YEAR 5291 [1531]32. NAPLES33. CONSTANTINOPLE. YEAR 5302 [1542]34. SALONIKA. 5305 [1545]35. BOHEMIA. YEAR 130636. ITALY. YEAR 5311 [1551]37. PESARO. YEAR 5313 [1553]FINAL LAMENT OVER ALL ISRAEL'S MISFORTUNES PAST AND PRESENTHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFINAL AND DIVINE CONSOLATION, WITH ALL THE PROPHECIES OF THE BLESSINGS WHICH ISRAEL AWAITS AS A TRUE REMEDY AND FULL SATISFACTION FOR ALL ITS MISFORTUNESCHAP. [sic] CONCERNING VENGEANCESBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEM AND THE HOLY LANDCHAP. [sic] HOW FOR ISRAEL'S BENEFIT ITS NATURE AND THAT OF THE HOLY LAND ARE TO BE CHANGEDBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEMBLESSINGS FOR JERUSALEM AND THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE HOLY LANDCONSOLATION FOR THE LANDBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELCONSOLATION FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL AND JUDAHCONSUMMATE BLESSING ON ALLSUBLIME AND MARVELOUS MANNERS OF CONSOLATION FOR ISRAELBLESSINGS FOR ISRAEL, ADMONISHING IT TO ENTER INTO REPENTANCECHAP. HOW ALL THE DEAD OF ISRAEL ARE TO REVIVECHAP. [sic] HOW THERE WILL BE A SINGLE KING OVER ISRAEL AND JUDAHTHE GREAT AND MOST NOTABLE VENGEANCE AGAINST THE NATIONS IN THE NAME OF GOG AND MAGOGBLESSING FOR THE ISRAELITIC PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELPSALM CXXVITHE END, PRAISE BE TO GOD.APPENDICES, NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHYAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX B1. THE BIBLE2. JOSEPHUS OR YOSIPPON?3. THE CLASSICS4. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE5. RABBINIC LITERATURE7. THE HISTORICAL SOURCES OF DIALOGUE III8. THE L. I. E. B. AND ABRAVANELNOTESINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IVDEDICATION & PROLOGUEDIALOGUE IDIALOGUE IIDIALOGUE IIIAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX BBIBLIOGRAPHYSCRIPTURAL INDEXINDEX OF PROPER NAMES FOUND IN THE TEXT OF THE CONSOLACAM
consolation tribulations israel page https publishersrow tribulatio ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks many centuries thoughtful scholarly asked question righteous suffer anxious help reach answer brilliant young scholar martin cohen prepared translation consolaçam tribulaçoens history jews written portuguese marrano witnessed tragic events that befell people portugal first half sixteenth century
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