Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel...

Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

x century edition which is based on them are not free of serious textual errors, such as misspellings, incorrect punctuation, word omissions and faulty word divisions. The difficulties involved in the preparation of a translation of the Consolaçam have, not without good reason, long been recognised as formidable. In my translation I have sought to communicate the Consolaçam ’ s flavor and variegated style in a lucid and modern English. To accomplish this I have divided Usque’s long periods into shorter components, with corresponding adjustments in the various parts of speech affected. I have omitted many of the redundant expressions which characterize Usque’s style, but which are not palatable in modern English. I have paraphrased obscure allusions and complex metaphors. In cases of textual error I have, with conservative caution, tried to reconstruct and translate the correct original. For the sake of readability, I have omitted the scholarly brackets or parentheses for such alterations in all but a few of the most important instances, where confusion might otherwise result. In the translation of Usque’s biblical quotations, I have been guided by the translation of The Holy Scriptures published in 1917 by the Jewish Publication Society of America. My translation is based largely upon the modern edition of the Consolaçam, published in three parts by Joaquim Mendes dos Remedios in Coimbra, Portugal, between 1906 and 1908. Considerations of space have limited the length and nature of my notes to each Dialogue of the Consolaçam. A detailed commentary to Usque’s work, pointing out the numerous historical inaccuracies which it contains, would not have been without value. Most of these errors, however, were not committed by Usque; they belong to the sources which he uncritically accepted and from which he usually borrowed verbatim. It was therefore decided to use the notes to refer the reader to Usque’s sources, to call attention to the major changes for which Usque himself is responsible and to elucidate unusual details. In the case of Dialogue II, where Usque copied slavishly from the medieval Pseudo- Josephus ( the Yosippon) I have, wherever applicable, cited as well the corresponding passages from the works of Josephus. By consulting Josephus, the reader can appreciate the extent to which the Yosippon distorted historical facts and embellished them with legend. Dialogue III, based on sources not readily available to the reader, contains more detailed footnotes. This is especially true of the last thirteen historical chapters in this Dialogue, which constitute Usque’s only original historical contribution in the Consolaçam. The study and translation which follow could not have been achieved without the encouragement of my revered teachers, Professor Jacob Rader Marcus and Professor Ellis Rivkin, of the Hebrew Union College- Jewish Institute of Religion, who have given me of their knowledge, their counsel and their inspiration. Words adequate to express my debt of gratitude to them cannot be found.

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel


About Book Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel

FRONT MATTERTITLE PAGECOPYRIGHT PAGEDedication PageFOREWORDPREFACECONTENTSINTRODUCTIONCONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFRONTISPIECE FROM ORIGINAL EDITION IN 1553DEDICATIONPROLOGUEFIRST DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IPASTORAL DIALOGUE ON MATTERS OF SACRED SCRIPTURE INTERLOCUTORS: YCABO, NUMEO & ZICAREOPASTORAL LIFEHUNT OF CONIES AND HARESHUNT OF STAGS [AND HERONS]THE ORIGIN OF ISRAEL AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLETRIBULATIONS OF ISRAEL, ABBREVIATEDFIRSTTHE FIRST EXPERIENCES OF ISRAEL IN THE HOLY LAND [PART I][PART II] THE LIFE OF THE WICKED, IN THE GUISE OF CONIES AND HARESKINGS170 [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART 1][PART II] KINGS OF ISRAEL[PART III] THE HUNT OF STAGS TRANSFIGURED INTO THE LIFE OF THE WICKEDLAMENT OVER THE LOSS OF THE TEN TRIBESCONSOLATION ON THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESORIGIN OF IDOLATRYHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESDIVINE CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESCHAP.270 OF THE KINGS OF JUDAH [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART IV][PART V] HUNT OF HERONS, ADAPTED TO THE WICKED KINGS OF JUDAHISRAEL'S LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEEND OF THE FIRST DIALOGUE.SECOND DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IIZICAREO, YCABO, NUMEO—INTERLOCUTORSCONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEBLESSINGS WHICH WERE LACKING IN THE SECOND TEMPLEEVENTS OF THE SECOND TEMPLETHE PASSAGES WHICH WERE CHANGED BY THOSE WHO TRANSLATED THE LAW[ANTIOCHUS' PERSECUTION][THE MARTYRDOM OF ELEAZAR][THE MARTYRDOM OF HANNAH AND HER SEVEN SONS][THE MACCABEES AND THE HASMONEAN DYNASTY][THE COMING OF THE ROMANS]THE STRUCTURE OF THE SECOND TEMPLE[THE REBELLIONS AGAINST ROME]LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLECONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLEEND OF THE SECOND DIALOGUETHIRD DIALOGUESUBT IT LES FOR DIALOGUE IIIINTERLOCUTORS YCABO, ZICAREO, NUMEOFIRST MISFORTUNE. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 40772. FRANCE. YEAR 40773. SPAIN. TOLEDO4. TOLEDO. YEAR 4923 [1163]5. FRANCE6. FRANCE7. SPAIN8. PERSIA. YEAR 4924 [1164]9. GERMANY [1420]11. NAPLES, IN ITALY. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5000 [1240]12. ENGLAND. YEAR 5002 [1242]13. ENGLAND14. FLANDERS15. GERMANY. YEAR 5022 [1262]16. MISFORTUNES IN MANY PLACES. YEAR 5080 [1320]17. ITALY. YEAR 5081 [1321]18. FRANCE. YEAR 5081 [1321]19. GERMANY. YEAR 500620. FRANCE. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5106 [1346]21. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 585022. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 12158123. SPAIN. YEAR 5216 [1456]24. SPAIN. YEAR 5248 [1488]25. THE INQUISITION IN SPAIN. YEAR 5251 [1491]26. YEAR 5252 [1492] WHEN THE JEWS FROM CASTILE ENTERED PORTUGAL27. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5253 [1493] WHEN MY CHILDREN WERE SENT TO THE LIZARDS28. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5257 [1497] WHEN THEY WERE MADE CHRISTIANS BY FORCE29. THE SLAUGHTER IN PORTUGAL. YEAR 5266 [1506]CHAP. 30 YEAR 5291 [1531] CONCERNING THE INQUISITION IN PORTUGAL31. CONCERNING THOSE WHO HAVE LEFT AND WHO ARE LEAVING PORTUGAL SINCE THE YEAR 5291 [1531]32. NAPLES33. CONSTANTINOPLE. YEAR 5302 [1542]34. SALONIKA. 5305 [1545]35. BOHEMIA. YEAR 130636. ITALY. YEAR 5311 [1551]37. PESARO. YEAR 5313 [1553]FINAL LAMENT OVER ALL ISRAEL'S MISFORTUNES PAST AND PRESENTHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFINAL AND DIVINE CONSOLATION, WITH ALL THE PROPHECIES OF THE BLESSINGS WHICH ISRAEL AWAITS AS A TRUE REMEDY AND FULL SATISFACTION FOR ALL ITS MISFORTUNESCHAP. [sic] CONCERNING VENGEANCESBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEM AND THE HOLY LANDCHAP. [sic] HOW FOR ISRAEL'S BENEFIT ITS NATURE AND THAT OF THE HOLY LAND ARE TO BE CHANGEDBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEMBLESSINGS FOR JERUSALEM AND THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE HOLY LANDCONSOLATION FOR THE LANDBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELCONSOLATION FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL AND JUDAHCONSUMMATE BLESSING ON ALLSUBLIME AND MARVELOUS MANNERS OF CONSOLATION FOR ISRAELBLESSINGS FOR ISRAEL, ADMONISHING IT TO ENTER INTO REPENTANCECHAP. HOW ALL THE DEAD OF ISRAEL ARE TO REVIVECHAP. [sic] HOW THERE WILL BE A SINGLE KING OVER ISRAEL AND JUDAHTHE GREAT AND MOST NOTABLE VENGEANCE AGAINST THE NATIONS IN THE NAME OF GOG AND MAGOGBLESSING FOR THE ISRAELITIC PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELPSALM CXXVITHE END, PRAISE BE TO GOD.APPENDICES, NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHYAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX B1. THE BIBLE2. JOSEPHUS OR YOSIPPON?3. THE CLASSICS4. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE5. RABBINIC LITERATURE7. THE HISTORICAL SOURCES OF DIALOGUE III8. THE L. I. E. B. AND ABRAVANELNOTESINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IVDEDICATION & PROLOGUEDIALOGUE IDIALOGUE IIDIALOGUE IIIAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX BBIBLIOGRAPHYSCRIPTURAL INDEXINDEX OF PROPER NAMES FOUND IN THE TEXT OF THE CONSOLACAM
consolation tribulations israel page https publishersrow tribulatio ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks many centuries thoughtful scholarly asked question righteous suffer anxious help reach answer brilliant young scholar martin cohen prepared translation consolaçam tribulaçoens history jews written portuguese marrano witnessed tragic events that befell people portugal first half sixteenth century
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