Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel...

Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

ix PREFACE Since the days of my graduate studies in Romance Languages and Literature at the University of Pennsylvania, I have been interested in the Inquisition and its attitude toward the Spanish and Portuguese converts from Judaism who were opprobriously dubbed Marranos. Our information about these hapless creatures comes almost exclusively from non- Jewish sources that more often than not manifest a virulence toward the seed of Abraham. Marrano refugees from the Iberian Peninsula have left us glimpses of their life under the Inquisition, but these are infrequent and sporadic, and appear mostly as obiter dicta in responsa dealing with legal problems engendered by the Marranos’ religious status. It was therefore a momentous personal discovery when I learned that the library of the Hebrew Union College- Jewish Institute of Religion contained copies of all three editions of the exceedingly rare Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century. I learned to my surprise that although several attempts had been made to translate the Consolaçam into a language more accessible to modern Jewish scholarship, no full translation of the work as yet existed in any language. I therefore undertook this task and completed the translation nearly five years ago. I proceeded to write a book- length study on the work, which revealed the context of the times in which it was written, and the life, methodology and sources of its author. In preparing the translation for publication, I decided to condense this lengthy study so that it would fit into the confines of the present introduction. The Consolaçam is not an easy work to translate. Its shoals and reefs are difficult to navigate. Its excursive and florid style, its intricate syntax, its lengthy periods, its flexible, almost fickle vocabulary and its abundant Hispanicisms and neologisms all make inordinate demands upon the translator. Its often elusive references to the Bible and to rabbinic and secular literature force him to painstaking research to insure that measure of comprehension which makes possible the translation of the authors intent. Besides, the two sixteenth- century editions and the twentieth-

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel


About Book Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel

FRONT MATTERTITLE PAGECOPYRIGHT PAGEDedication PageFOREWORDPREFACECONTENTSINTRODUCTIONCONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFRONTISPIECE FROM ORIGINAL EDITION IN 1553DEDICATIONPROLOGUEFIRST DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IPASTORAL DIALOGUE ON MATTERS OF SACRED SCRIPTURE INTERLOCUTORS: YCABO, NUMEO & ZICAREOPASTORAL LIFEHUNT OF CONIES AND HARESHUNT OF STAGS [AND HERONS]THE ORIGIN OF ISRAEL AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLETRIBULATIONS OF ISRAEL, ABBREVIATEDFIRSTTHE FIRST EXPERIENCES OF ISRAEL IN THE HOLY LAND [PART I][PART II] THE LIFE OF THE WICKED, IN THE GUISE OF CONIES AND HARESKINGS170 [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART 1][PART II] KINGS OF ISRAEL[PART III] THE HUNT OF STAGS TRANSFIGURED INTO THE LIFE OF THE WICKEDLAMENT OVER THE LOSS OF THE TEN TRIBESCONSOLATION ON THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESORIGIN OF IDOLATRYHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESDIVINE CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESCHAP.270 OF THE KINGS OF JUDAH [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART IV][PART V] HUNT OF HERONS, ADAPTED TO THE WICKED KINGS OF JUDAHISRAEL'S LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEEND OF THE FIRST DIALOGUE.SECOND DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IIZICAREO, YCABO, NUMEO—INTERLOCUTORSCONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEBLESSINGS WHICH WERE LACKING IN THE SECOND TEMPLEEVENTS OF THE SECOND TEMPLETHE PASSAGES WHICH WERE CHANGED BY THOSE WHO TRANSLATED THE LAW[ANTIOCHUS' PERSECUTION][THE MARTYRDOM OF ELEAZAR][THE MARTYRDOM OF HANNAH AND HER SEVEN SONS][THE MACCABEES AND THE HASMONEAN DYNASTY][THE COMING OF THE ROMANS]THE STRUCTURE OF THE SECOND TEMPLE[THE REBELLIONS AGAINST ROME]LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLECONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLEEND OF THE SECOND DIALOGUETHIRD DIALOGUESUBT IT LES FOR DIALOGUE IIIINTERLOCUTORS YCABO, ZICAREO, NUMEOFIRST MISFORTUNE. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 40772. FRANCE. YEAR 40773. SPAIN. TOLEDO4. TOLEDO. YEAR 4923 [1163]5. FRANCE6. FRANCE7. SPAIN8. PERSIA. YEAR 4924 [1164]9. GERMANY [1420]11. NAPLES, IN ITALY. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5000 [1240]12. ENGLAND. YEAR 5002 [1242]13. ENGLAND14. FLANDERS15. GERMANY. YEAR 5022 [1262]16. MISFORTUNES IN MANY PLACES. YEAR 5080 [1320]17. ITALY. YEAR 5081 [1321]18. FRANCE. YEAR 5081 [1321]19. GERMANY. YEAR 500620. FRANCE. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5106 [1346]21. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 585022. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 12158123. SPAIN. YEAR 5216 [1456]24. SPAIN. YEAR 5248 [1488]25. THE INQUISITION IN SPAIN. YEAR 5251 [1491]26. YEAR 5252 [1492] WHEN THE JEWS FROM CASTILE ENTERED PORTUGAL27. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5253 [1493] WHEN MY CHILDREN WERE SENT TO THE LIZARDS28. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5257 [1497] WHEN THEY WERE MADE CHRISTIANS BY FORCE29. THE SLAUGHTER IN PORTUGAL. YEAR 5266 [1506]CHAP. 30 YEAR 5291 [1531] CONCERNING THE INQUISITION IN PORTUGAL31. CONCERNING THOSE WHO HAVE LEFT AND WHO ARE LEAVING PORTUGAL SINCE THE YEAR 5291 [1531]32. NAPLES33. CONSTANTINOPLE. YEAR 5302 [1542]34. SALONIKA. 5305 [1545]35. BOHEMIA. YEAR 130636. ITALY. YEAR 5311 [1551]37. PESARO. YEAR 5313 [1553]FINAL LAMENT OVER ALL ISRAEL'S MISFORTUNES PAST AND PRESENTHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFINAL AND DIVINE CONSOLATION, WITH ALL THE PROPHECIES OF THE BLESSINGS WHICH ISRAEL AWAITS AS A TRUE REMEDY AND FULL SATISFACTION FOR ALL ITS MISFORTUNESCHAP. [sic] CONCERNING VENGEANCESBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEM AND THE HOLY LANDCHAP. [sic] HOW FOR ISRAEL'S BENEFIT ITS NATURE AND THAT OF THE HOLY LAND ARE TO BE CHANGEDBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEMBLESSINGS FOR JERUSALEM AND THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE HOLY LANDCONSOLATION FOR THE LANDBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELCONSOLATION FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL AND JUDAHCONSUMMATE BLESSING ON ALLSUBLIME AND MARVELOUS MANNERS OF CONSOLATION FOR ISRAELBLESSINGS FOR ISRAEL, ADMONISHING IT TO ENTER INTO REPENTANCECHAP. HOW ALL THE DEAD OF ISRAEL ARE TO REVIVECHAP. [sic] HOW THERE WILL BE A SINGLE KING OVER ISRAEL AND JUDAHTHE GREAT AND MOST NOTABLE VENGEANCE AGAINST THE NATIONS IN THE NAME OF GOG AND MAGOGBLESSING FOR THE ISRAELITIC PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELPSALM CXXVITHE END, PRAISE BE TO GOD.APPENDICES, NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHYAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX B1. THE BIBLE2. JOSEPHUS OR YOSIPPON?3. THE CLASSICS4. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE5. RABBINIC LITERATURE7. THE HISTORICAL SOURCES OF DIALOGUE III8. THE L. I. E. B. AND ABRAVANELNOTESINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IVDEDICATION & PROLOGUEDIALOGUE IDIALOGUE IIDIALOGUE IIIAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX BBIBLIOGRAPHYSCRIPTURAL INDEXINDEX OF PROPER NAMES FOUND IN THE TEXT OF THE CONSOLACAM
consolation tribulations israel page https publishersrow tribulatio ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks many centuries thoughtful scholarly asked question righteous suffer anxious help reach answer brilliant young scholar martin cohen prepared translation consolaçam tribulaçoens history jews written portuguese marrano witnessed tragic events that befell people portugal first half sixteenth century
eBookshuk Books

History of the Jews, Vol. 6: A Memoir of the Author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, A Chronological Table of Jewish History, An Index to the Whole Work, and Four Maps
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The sixth volume contains a memoir of the author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, a chronological table of Jewish history, an index to the whole work, and four maps.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

The Jews of Santa Coloma de Queralt. Hispania Judaica, v. 6
A reconstruction of the Jewish life in a small community, on the basis of notary acts found in local archives.

History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 9
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

Jesus of Nazareth
asdf

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

Jewish Life In The Middle Ages
A sweeping view of Jewish historical and cultural experience. Written in the end of the 19th century by an extremly astute historian and a storyteller, this volume will assist readers in better understanding the position of Jews in today's world as well.

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Dona Gracia of the House of Nasi
The noted historian Cecil Roth presents the first full-length biography of Dona Gracia in the English language. Banker, diplomat, philanthropist, defender of her people and promoter of its culture, she was revered by her sixteenth-century contemporaries and earned the highest esteem among Jewish historians in succeeding generations.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1
sdfg

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica, in 5 volumes
This five-volume set represents the finest work of the late nineteenth century Biblical scholarship.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
wert

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
asdf

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Matters of Life and Death
Incredible medical breakthroughs of today, like genetic engineering, in-vitro fertilization, and cloning, as well as the ability and choice to prolong life force us as Jews and human beings to struggle with the dilemmas posed by modern medicine. How does one decide which treatments to accept as appropriate and which not? Jewish law and ethics, as Dr. Elliot Dorff points out, which stem from the ancient teachings of the Talmud, do not directly address these modern issues, but the Jewish tradition

Talmud: Mesekhet B'rakhot, in 4 volumes
A Study in the development of the Halakha and Haggadah in the Land of Israel and Babylonia.

The Book of Delight and Other Papers
The book contains eight chapters of an absorbing text, including The Book of Delight, A Visit to Hebron, Medieval Mayfaring, and Marriages Are Made in Heaven.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Dawn Over Baghdad
Gripping, up-to-the-minute report on America's most urgent national struggle today, as seen through the eyes of the U.S. servicemen and Iraqis who are trying to make a new country out of the most dangerous place in the world; distinct contrast to the gloomy picture of America's presence in this war zone so often painted by the mainstream media.

Talmud: Mesekhet B'rakhot, in 4 volumes
A Study in the development of the Halakha and Haggadah in the Land of Israel and Babylonia.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.