Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel...

Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

vii FOREWORD JACOB RADER MARCUS Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Long before Job posed that problem to his generation, however, prophetic writers had asked a somewhat similar question: Why has the Jewish State been destroyed? Why has God brought the calamity of foreign conquest upon us; why has He rejected us? The prophetic passages of consolation and restoration were the answer to that anguished cry. And hundreds of years later, when the Second Commonwealth died on the walls of Jerusalem and high on the crags of Masada, a new generation of visionaries dreamt dreams of a great day yet to come when the God of their fathers would redeem those who had been crushed under the heel of the ruthless and implacable Roman tyrant. The Diaspora followed with its wanderings from Palestine to Mesopotamia and finally to the West — to Moslem Spain, where a new Golden Age was to shine in resplendent glory, illuminating the centuries between antiquity and modernity. But the decline of the Moslems and the emergence of a new crusading Christian Spain meant that the magnificent Iberian Jewish commonwealth of the spirit would go down to extinction in the fires of the Inquisition. In 1492, royal fiat decreed an end to Spanish Jewry, the greatest Jewry the world had yet known. Thousands of Spanish Jews departed overseas, ultimately to disappear as a cultural force of any significance. Other thousands became Marranos, saving themselves from expulsion by accepting baptism, but living, in numerous instances, as crypto- Jews bound only by lip service to a Christianity which offered them neither faith, nor hope, nor charity. Thousands more, who fled to Portugal, found themselves compelled there to endure a governmentally imposed conversion and to suffer contempt as a breed of New Christians. That generation of the 1490’ s knew that it had been cast into a fiery furnace from which many of its members would never escape. Like their ancestors in the days of the Babylonian Exile, and like their forefathers who saw huge numbers of Jews crucified on the Roman roads, they, too, asked: Why did this happen to us? And they asked: Are the Christians right? Are we being punished because we have rejected their Christ? Is

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel


About Book Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel

FRONT MATTERTITLE PAGECOPYRIGHT PAGEDedication PageFOREWORDPREFACECONTENTSINTRODUCTIONCONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFRONTISPIECE FROM ORIGINAL EDITION IN 1553DEDICATIONPROLOGUEFIRST DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IPASTORAL DIALOGUE ON MATTERS OF SACRED SCRIPTURE INTERLOCUTORS: YCABO, NUMEO & ZICAREOPASTORAL LIFEHUNT OF CONIES AND HARESHUNT OF STAGS [AND HERONS]THE ORIGIN OF ISRAEL AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLETRIBULATIONS OF ISRAEL, ABBREVIATEDFIRSTTHE FIRST EXPERIENCES OF ISRAEL IN THE HOLY LAND [PART I][PART II] THE LIFE OF THE WICKED, IN THE GUISE OF CONIES AND HARESKINGS170 [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART 1][PART II] KINGS OF ISRAEL[PART III] THE HUNT OF STAGS TRANSFIGURED INTO THE LIFE OF THE WICKEDLAMENT OVER THE LOSS OF THE TEN TRIBESCONSOLATION ON THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESORIGIN OF IDOLATRYHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESDIVINE CONSOLATION FOR THE CAPTIVITY OF THE TEN TRIBESCHAP.270 OF THE KINGS OF JUDAH [EXPLANATION OF THE METAPHOR ENTITLED “HUNT OF STAGS AND HERONS”] [PART IV][PART V] HUNT OF HERONS, ADAPTED TO THE WICKED KINGS OF JUDAHISRAEL'S LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEEND OF THE FIRST DIALOGUE.SECOND DIALOGUESUBTITLES FOR DIALOGUE IIZICAREO, YCABO, NUMEO—INTERLOCUTORSCONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE FIRST TEMPLEBLESSINGS WHICH WERE LACKING IN THE SECOND TEMPLEEVENTS OF THE SECOND TEMPLETHE PASSAGES WHICH WERE CHANGED BY THOSE WHO TRANSLATED THE LAW[ANTIOCHUS' PERSECUTION][THE MARTYRDOM OF ELEAZAR][THE MARTYRDOM OF HANNAH AND HER SEVEN SONS][THE MACCABEES AND THE HASMONEAN DYNASTY][THE COMING OF THE ROMANS]THE STRUCTURE OF THE SECOND TEMPLE[THE REBELLIONS AGAINST ROME]LAMENT ON THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLECONSOLATION FOR THE LOSS OF THE SECOND TEMPLEEND OF THE SECOND DIALOGUETHIRD DIALOGUESUBT IT LES FOR DIALOGUE IIIINTERLOCUTORS YCABO, ZICAREO, NUMEOFIRST MISFORTUNE. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 40772. FRANCE. YEAR 40773. SPAIN. TOLEDO4. TOLEDO. YEAR 4923 [1163]5. FRANCE6. FRANCE7. SPAIN8. PERSIA. YEAR 4924 [1164]9. GERMANY [1420]11. NAPLES, IN ITALY. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5000 [1240]12. ENGLAND. YEAR 5002 [1242]13. ENGLAND14. FLANDERS15. GERMANY. YEAR 5022 [1262]16. MISFORTUNES IN MANY PLACES. YEAR 5080 [1320]17. ITALY. YEAR 5081 [1321]18. FRANCE. YEAR 5081 [1321]19. GERMANY. YEAR 500620. FRANCE. YEAR OF THE WORLD 5106 [1346]21. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 585022. SPAIN. YEAR OF THE WORLD 12158123. SPAIN. YEAR 5216 [1456]24. SPAIN. YEAR 5248 [1488]25. THE INQUISITION IN SPAIN. YEAR 5251 [1491]26. YEAR 5252 [1492] WHEN THE JEWS FROM CASTILE ENTERED PORTUGAL27. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5253 [1493] WHEN MY CHILDREN WERE SENT TO THE LIZARDS28. PORTUGAL. YEAR 5257 [1497] WHEN THEY WERE MADE CHRISTIANS BY FORCE29. THE SLAUGHTER IN PORTUGAL. YEAR 5266 [1506]CHAP. 30 YEAR 5291 [1531] CONCERNING THE INQUISITION IN PORTUGAL31. CONCERNING THOSE WHO HAVE LEFT AND WHO ARE LEAVING PORTUGAL SINCE THE YEAR 5291 [1531]32. NAPLES33. CONSTANTINOPLE. YEAR 5302 [1542]34. SALONIKA. 5305 [1545]35. BOHEMIA. YEAR 130636. ITALY. YEAR 5311 [1551]37. PESARO. YEAR 5313 [1553]FINAL LAMENT OVER ALL ISRAEL'S MISFORTUNES PAST AND PRESENTHUMAN CONSOLATION FOR THE TRIBULATIONS OF ISRAELFINAL AND DIVINE CONSOLATION, WITH ALL THE PROPHECIES OF THE BLESSINGS WHICH ISRAEL AWAITS AS A TRUE REMEDY AND FULL SATISFACTION FOR ALL ITS MISFORTUNESCHAP. [sic] CONCERNING VENGEANCESBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEM AND THE HOLY LANDCHAP. [sic] HOW FOR ISRAEL'S BENEFIT ITS NATURE AND THAT OF THE HOLY LAND ARE TO BE CHANGEDBLESSINGS ON JERUSALEMBLESSINGS FOR JERUSALEM AND THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE HOLY LANDCONSOLATION FOR THE LANDBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELCONSOLATION FOR THE PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL AND JUDAHCONSUMMATE BLESSING ON ALLSUBLIME AND MARVELOUS MANNERS OF CONSOLATION FOR ISRAELBLESSINGS FOR ISRAEL, ADMONISHING IT TO ENTER INTO REPENTANCECHAP. HOW ALL THE DEAD OF ISRAEL ARE TO REVIVECHAP. [sic] HOW THERE WILL BE A SINGLE KING OVER ISRAEL AND JUDAHTHE GREAT AND MOST NOTABLE VENGEANCE AGAINST THE NATIONS IN THE NAME OF GOG AND MAGOGBLESSING FOR THE ISRAELITIC PEOPLEBLESSINGS FOR ISRAELPSALM CXXVITHE END, PRAISE BE TO GOD.APPENDICES, NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHYAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX B1. THE BIBLE2. JOSEPHUS OR YOSIPPON?3. THE CLASSICS4. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE5. RABBINIC LITERATURE7. THE HISTORICAL SOURCES OF DIALOGUE III8. THE L. I. E. B. AND ABRAVANELNOTESINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IIIINTRODUCTION CHAPTER IVDEDICATION & PROLOGUEDIALOGUE IDIALOGUE IIDIALOGUE IIIAPPENDIX AAPPENDIX BBIBLIOGRAPHYSCRIPTURAL INDEXINDEX OF PROPER NAMES FOUND IN THE TEXT OF THE CONSOLACAM
consolation tribulations israel page https publishersrow tribulatio ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks many centuries thoughtful scholarly asked question righteous suffer anxious help reach answer brilliant young scholar martin cohen prepared translation consolaçam tribulaçoens history jews written portuguese marrano witnessed tragic events that befell people portugal first half sixteenth century
eBookshuk Books

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah, 12 vols.
The most important work of the 20th century giant of Talmudic scholarship.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

A History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ (in 5 vols.)
The most valuable general modern work (on the subject) . . . Encyclopedia Britannica

The Book of Delight and Other Papers
The book contains eight chapters of an absorbing text, including The Book of Delight, A Visit to Hebron, Medieval Mayfaring, and Marriages Are Made in Heaven.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

Studies in Jewish Education VIII: Teaching Classical Rabbinic Texts
THIS VOLUME FOCUSES ON THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING CLASSICAL RABBINIC TEXTS.

Hellenism
This book is intended for those interested in the conflict of Judaism with the culture of the ancient world and its impact on the Jewish life of today.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 1
This is the first volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See second and third volumes here). It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
wert

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

Studies in Jewish Education VI: Teaching Jewish Values
The emphasis of this volume is on teaching of Jewish values and the development of the curriculum.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

The Book of Delight and Other Papers
The book contains eight chapters of an absorbing text, including The Book of Delight, A Visit to Hebron, Medieval Mayfaring, and Marriages Are Made in Heaven.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 2
asdf

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

TestBook3
Short Description

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 2
asdf

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

Studies in Jewish Education VI: Teaching Jewish Values
The emphasis of this volume is on teaching of Jewish values and the development of the curriculum.

Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
The twenty-two articles in this collection represent the latest results of the research into Mishnaic Hebrew that is conducted in Israel.

The Book of Delight and Other Papers
The book contains eight chapters of an absorbing text, including The Book of Delight, A Visit to Hebron, Medieval Mayfaring, and Marriages Are Made in Heaven.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 6
qwer

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Volume 2, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 5
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.