Community and Polity: The Organizational...

Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

Copyright © 2001 by Varda Books First edition © 1976 by The Jewish Publication Society of America Revised edition © 1995 by Daniel J. Elazar All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, except for brief passages in connection with a critical review, without permission in writing from the publisher: The Jewish Publication Society, 1930 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103. Manufactured in the United States of America This ebook has been published with permission of The Jewish Publication Society ( Philadelphia). The printed book, which served as a basis for this book is catalogued by the Library of Congress thus: Library of Congress Cataloging- in- Publication Data Elazar, Daniel Judah. Community and polity: the organizational dynamics of American Jewry/ Daniel J. Elazar. — Rev. and upd. ed. p. cm. —( Jewish communal and public affairs) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0 – 8276 – 0519 – 6 ( cloth) ISBN 0 – 8276 – 0565- X ( pbk.) 1. Jews — United States — Politics and government. 2. United States — Politics and government. I. Title. II. Series. E184. J5E39 1995 323.1’ 1924’ 073 — dc20 95 – 18191 CIP New ISBN 1- 59045- 067- 1 Scholar PDF No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage retrieval system, except for brief passages in connection with a critical review, without permission in writing from the publisher: Varda Books, 9001 Keating Avenue, Skokie, Illinois, USA Prepared as an ebook by Varda Graphics, Inc. Designed by Adrianne Onderdunk Dudden Typeset by BookMasters, Inc.

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)


About Book Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)

FRONT MATTERAcknowledgementCopyright PageTitle PageDedication PageContentsIllustrationsPreface to the Revised and Updated EditionAbbreviationsIntroduction: The American Jewish Community and the Jewish Political Experience1. Assimilation and Authenticity: The Problem of the American Jewish CommunityAMERICAN JEWISH UNIQUENESSJEWS AND RELIGION IN A NONMYTHIC SOCIETYA POSTEMANCIPATION COMMUNITYTHE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE AND THE JEWS: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCESTHE UNITED STATES AS A PLURALISTIC SOCIETY: PROBLEMS,IRONIES,AND CONTRADICTIONSTHE PROBLEM OF PEOPLEHOOD:THE UNANTICIPATED POLITY2. Jewish Adaptations to American LifeWHO CAME TO AMERICA?WHAT DID THEY DO WHEN THEY ARRIVED?STRUGGLING WITH THE COMPETITIONTHE JEWS AND THE AMERICAN FRONTIERTHE LOCATION OF AMERICAN JEWSSECTIONALISM AND JEWISH SETTLEMENTTHE GEOGRAPHY OF ORGANIZED JEWISH LIFEINTEGRATION AND DISCRIMINATION3. The Community in Its EnvironmentAMERICAN INDIVIDUALISM AND PATTERNS OF PARTICIPATIONTHE JEWISH ENVIRONMENT OF AMERICAN JEWRYTHE NEW INVOLVEMENT WITH WORLD JEWRYRELIGIOUS CHALLENGES TO JEWISH UNITY4. The American Environment and Jewish Religious LifeRELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS AS EXPRESSIONS OF JEWISH ADAPTATION TO AMERICATHE IMPACT OF AMERICA ON JEWISH RELIGIOUS LIFERADICAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE SINCE THE 1960S AND ITS IMPACTOTHER JEWISH INSTITUTIONS IN A RELIGION-ORIENTED ENVIRONMENT5. The Evolving Form of the American Jewish Community: American Geography,Jewish Traditions of Governance,and Technological CSECTIONALISM AND JEWISH RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENTTRADITIONAL ELEMENTS AND THEIR CONTEMPORARY MANIFESTATIONSSHIFTING BELIEFS AND COMMUNAL NORM ENFORCEMENTTHE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE6. The “State”of American Jewry and Its Institutional BaseA NONCENTRALIZED RELIGOETHNIC COMMUNITYTERRITORIAL AND NONTERRITORIAL ORGANIZATIONCOMMUNITY SIZE,RANK,AND SPACING: SOME ROLE IMPLICATIONS7. The Mosaic of Jewish Communal LifeEXEMPLARY PATTERNSFROM CONGREGATIONALISM TO FEDERALISMTRENDS IN JEWISH ORGANIZATION FROM WORLD WAR II TO THE 1970STHE SYNAGOGUE IN THE NEW COMMUNITY8. Organizing Jewish ActivityGOVERNMENT-LIKE INSTITUTIONSLOCALISTIC INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONSGENERAL PURPOSE,MASS-BASED ORGANIZATIONSDECLINES IN MASS-BASED ORGANIZATIONSSPECIAL-INTEREST INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONSTRANSFORMATIONS IN THE JEWISH COMMUNITY FEDERATIONS IN THE TENTH GENERATION9. The Five Spheres of Community ActivityRELIGIOUS-CONGREGATIONAL SPHEREEDUCATIONAL-CULTURAL SPHERECOMMUNITY RELATIONS SPHERECOMMUNAL-WELFARE SPHEREISRAEL-OVERSEAS SPHERECHANGING ROLES IN THE COMMUNAL-WELFARE AND ISRAEL-OVERSEAS SPHERESTHE SPHERES AND THE LINKS BETWEEN THEM10. The Major Communities and the New Geo-DemographicsA GEO-DEMOGRAPHIC REVOLUTIONGREATER NEW YORK:A REGION FRAGMENTED ALONG MULTIPLE DIMENSIONSNORTHEASTERN NEW JERSEYLOS ANGELESCHICAGO AND CHICAGOLANDPHILADELPHIA (SOUTHEASTERN PENNSYLVANIA, SOUTHERN NEW JERSEY,AND DELAWARE)AND BOSTON (EASTERN MASSACHUSETTS)GREATER MIAMI AND SOUTHEASTERN FEORIDAWASHINGTON,DC,AND BALTIMORE (THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA,MARYLAND,AND NORTHERN VIRGINIA)SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREACLEVELAND,DETROIT,AND ST.LOUISDENVER AND MINNEAPOLIS:A STUDY IN CONTRASTSINTEGRATED COMMUNITIESCONGREGATIONAL COMMUNITIES11. Institutions and Decision-MakersFOUR BASIC DIVISIONSTHE DECISION MAKERS:THEIR ROLES AND FUNCTIONSOTHER PARTICIPANTSTHE JEWISH PRESSHOW REPRESENTATIVE IS THE JEWISH LEADERSHIP?12. Handling the Tasks of the Jewish CommunityDEFENSE,EDUCATION,AND SOCIAL SERVICES:THE CENTRAL TASKS OF THE ORGANIZED COMMUNITYTHE POLITICS OF COMMUNITY FINANCEFACTORS IN DECISION-MAKINGSYSTEMS OF COMMUNITY POWER AND INFLUENCE13. FROM FRAGMENTATION TO REINTEGRATION? THE POLITY ENTERS THE POSTMODERN EPOCHPOSTMODERN TRENDS IN JEWISH ORGANIZATIONTHE TRUSTEESHIP OF GIVERS AND DOERSTHE UNRAVELING OF THE PROGRESSIVE SOLUTIONTHE REASSERTION OF JEWISH POLITYSelected Bibliography Jewish Community StudiesNotesIndex
community polity organizational dynamics american jewry revised updated edition page https publishersrow organ ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks explores depth developments post period like first designed serve purposes provide basic survey structure functions suggest that should understood state less real from political perspective
eBookshuk Books

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, “a chronicle of heart-rending events” recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice
This is the most detailed and comprehensive guide to Jewish practice for home and synagogue, written in the spirit of Modern Orthodox and Conservative movements.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.2
asdf

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Trujillo: A Jewish Community in Extremadura on the Eve of the Expulsion from Spain. Hispania Judaica, v. 2
Based on documents published for the first time, this book reveals the life and surroundings of a community lulled into a false sense of security and endeavouring to build its life in peace while the war against Granada continues.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 1
qwer

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9
qwer

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in the History of the Jews in Old Poland (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVIII)
The twenty-one studies on the Jews of Old Poland here collected explore many hitherto uncharted aspects of Jewish life and experience in the Polish-Luthuanian Commonwealth.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

Ruby of Cochin: An Indian Jewish Woman Remembers
This book is a Cochin cake, full of secret goodies and unexpected surprises and mysterious tastes, exotic and familiar. Each story told by Ruby Daniel reveals the unique way of life of the Cochin Jews and preserves it for future generations.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Ezra Studies


Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
A commentary on one of the most interesting for the modern reader books of the Bible.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

Matters of Life and Death
Incredible medical breakthroughs of today, like genetic engineering, in-vitro fertilization, and cloning, as well as the ability and choice to prolong life force us as Jews and human beings to struggle with the dilemmas posed by modern medicine. How does one decide which treatments to accept as appropriate and which not? Jewish law and ethics, as Dr. Elliot Dorff points out, which stem from the ancient teachings of the Talmud, do not directly address these modern issues, but the Jewish tradition

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

JEWS, JUDAISM AND THE CLASSICAL WORLD
English edition of the work for which G. Alon received prestigious Israel Prize. Anyone interested in the origin of the modern Jewish law and the history of the Second Temple must read this book.

Two Portuguese Exiles in Castile: Dom David Negro and Dom Isaac Abravanel. Hispania Judaica, v. 10
The book contains more than 30 documents related to Portuguese Jewry in general and David Negro and Isaac Abravanel in particular.

Matters of Life and Death
Incredible medical breakthroughs of today, like genetic engineering, in-vitro fertilization, and cloning, as well as the ability and choice to prolong life force us as Jews and human beings to struggle with the dilemmas posed by modern medicine. How does one decide which treatments to accept as appropriate and which not? Jewish law and ethics, as Dr. Elliot Dorff points out, which stem from the ancient teachings of the Talmud, do not directly address these modern issues, but the Jewish tradition