Commentary on the New Testament from...

sdfg



Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1


About Book Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTHE PREFACEContentsCHOROGRAPHICAL CENTURYI. The Division of the Land.II. The Talmudic Girdle of the Land under the second Temple, taken out of the Jerusalem Sheviith.III. A great part of south Judea cut off under the second Temple. Jewish Idumea.IV. The seven Seas according to the Talmudists, and the four Rivers compassing the Land.V. The Sea of Sodom, ?? ????VI. The Coast of the Asphaltites, The Essenes. En-gedi.VII. Kadesh. ??? , and that double. Inquiry is made. Whether the doubling it in the Maps is well done.VIII. The River of Egypt, Rhinocorura. The Lake of Sirbon.IX. A Sight of Judea.X. A Description of the Sea-coast, out of Pliny and Strabo.XI. The mountainous Country of Judea.XII. The South Country. ?? ??? ????? ????? . Judea called ???? ' the South,' in respect of Galilee.XIII. Gaza.XIV. Ascalon. Gerar. The Story of the Eighty Witches.XV. Jabneh. Jamnia.XVI. Lydda. ???XVII. Sharon. Caphar Lodim. ???? ????? The Village of those of Lydda.XVIII. Caphar Tebi. ??? ???XIX. The northern coast of Judea. Beth-horon.XX. Beth-el. Beth-aven.XXI. Jerusalem.XXII. The parts of the City. Sion. ??? p????, the Upper City: which was on the north part.XXIII. The buildings of more eminent note in Sion.XXIV. Some buildings in Acra. Bezeiha. Millo.XXV. Gihon, the same with the Fountain of Siloam.XXVI. The Girdle of the City. Neh. iii.XXVII. Mount Moriah.XXVIII. The Court of the Gentiles. ? ? ???? The Mountain of the House, in the Rabbins.XXIX. Chel. The Court of the Women.XXX. The Gate of Nicanor, or the East Gate of the Court of Israel.XXXI. Concerning the Gates and Chambers lying on the South Side of the Court.XXXII. The Gates and Doors on the North Side.XXXIII. The Court itself.XXXIV. The Altar. The Rings. The Laver.XXXV. Some other memorable Places of the City.XXXVI. Synagogues in the City; and Schools.XXXVII. Bethphage. ??? ???.XXXVIII. Kedron.XXXIX. The Valley of Hinnom, ?? ????.XL. Mount Olivet. ?? ?????.XLI. Bethany. ??? ? ? ? ? ? Beth-hene.XLII. ???? • S??tt??. Scopo.XLIII. Ramah. Ramathaim Zophim. Gibeah.XLIV. Nob. Bahurim.XLV. Emmaus. Kiriath-jearim.XLVI. The country of Jericho, and the situation of the City.XLVII. Jericho itself.XLVIII. Some miscellaneous matters belonging to the Country about Jericho.XLIX. Hebron.L. Of the cities of Refuge.LI. Beth-lehem.LII. Betar. ????LIII. ???? , Ephraim. LIV. ??? Tsok: and ???? ??? , Beth Chadudo.LV. Divers matters.LVI. Samaria. Sychem.LVII. Caesarea. ?????? St??t????. Strato's Tower.LVIII. Antipatris. ???? ??? Caphar Salama.LIX. Galilee. ????.LX. Scythopolis. ???? ??? ßeth-shean, the beginning of Galilee.LXI. Caphar Hananiah, ??? ????? . The Middle of Galilee.LXII. The disposition of the tribes in Galilee.LXIII. The west coast of Galilee-Carmel.LXIV. Acon, ??? . Ptolemais.LXV. Ecdippa. Achzib. Josh. xix. 29. Judg. i. 31. ???µa??????? Climax of the Tyrians.LXVI. The northern coasts of Galilee. Amanah. The mountain of snow.LXVII. ????? ?amias. ?aneas, the spring of Jordan.LXVIII. What is to be said of ??? ?????? , the sea of Apamia.LXIX. The lake Samochonitis [or Semechonitis.]LXX. The lake of Gennesaret; or, the sea of Galilee and Tiberias.LXXI. Within what tribe the lake of Gennesaret was.LXXII. Tiberias.LXXIII. Of the Situation of Tiberias.LXXIV. ??? Chammath. Ammaus. ??? ????? The warm bathsof Tiberias.LXXV. Gadara. ???LXXVI. Magdala.LXXVII. Hippo. ?????? Susitha.LXXVIII. Some other towns near Tiberias. ??? ???? Beth-Meon. ??? ????? Caphar Chittaia. ????? Paltathah.LXXIX. The country of Gennesaret.LXXX.Capernaum.LXXXI. Some history of Tiberias. The Jerusalem Talmud was written there: and when.LXXXII. ? ? ? ? ? Tsippo. LXXXIII. Some Places bordering upon Tsippor. ???? Jeshanah. ???? Ketsarah. ????? Shihin.LXXXIV. ???? Usha.LXXXV. Arbel. Shezor. ??????? ????? Tarnegola the Upper.LXXXVI. The difference of some customs of the Galileans those of Judea.LXXXVII. The dialect of the Galileans, differing from the Jewish.LXXXVIII. ? ? ? ? Gilgal, in Deut. xi. 30: what that place was.LXXXIX. Divers towns called by the name of ??? Tyre.XC. Cana.XCI. Perea. ??? ????? Beyond Jordan.XCII. Adam and Zaretan, Josh. iii.XCIII. Julias -Bethsaida.XCIV. Gamala. Chorazin.XCV. Some towns upon the very limits of the land. Out of the Jerusalem Talmud, Demai, fol. 22. 4.XCVI. The consistories of more note: out of the Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedr. fol. 32. 2.XCVII. The cities of the Levites.XCVIII. Some miscellaneous matters respecting the face of the land.XCIX. Subterraneous places. Mines. Caves.C. Of the places of Burial.CONTENTS OF THE CHOROGRAPHICAL CENTURYCHOROGRAPHICAL DECADI. Idumea1. Idumea: Mark iii. 8.2. A few things of Pelusium.3. Casiotis.4. Rhinocorura. The Arabic Interpreter noted.5. The country of the Avites: a part of the new Idumea.6. The whole portion of Simeon within Idumea.7. The whole southern country of Judea within Idumea.8. Of the third Palestine, or Palestine called 'the Healthful.'II. ???µ??, ' The wilderness;'1. The wilderness: Mark i. 4, 12.2. The wilderness of Judah.3. A scheme of Asphaltites, and of the wilderness of Judah, or Idumea adjacent.4. The wilderness of Judea, where John Baptist was5. ?6?? a????? wild honey; Mark i. 6.6. —?e??????? t?? *???da???* The region round about Jordan. Matt. iii. 5.III. Various Corbans1. ?a??f??????? the Treasury; Mark2. The Corban chests.3. The Corban ??? ? chamber.4. Where the ?a??f???????, treasury, was.5. Gad Javan in the Temple.6. Jerusalem, in Herodotus, is Cadytis.7. The streets of Jerusalem.8. The street leading from the Temple towards Olivet.VI. '? ??µ? ?ate?a?t?' The village over-against; Mark xi. 2.1. A sabbath-day's journey.2. Shops in mount Olivet.3. The lavatory of Bethany.4. Migdal Eder.5. The Seventy Interpreters noted.6. The pomp of those that offered the first-fruits.V. Dalmanutha. Mark viii. 10.1. A scheme of the sea of Gennesaret, and places adjacent.2. Zalmon. Thence DalmanuthaVI. Op?a ????? ?a? S????? The coasts of Tyre and Sidon; Mark vii. 24.1. The maps too officious.2. Opiov A coast.3. The Greek Interpreters noted.4. Midland Phoenicia.5. Of the Sabbatic river.VII. The region of Decapolis, what; Mark vii. 30.1. The region of Decapolis not well placed by some.2. Scythopolis, heretofore ??? ??? Beth-shean,one of the Decapolitan cities.3. Gadara and Hippo, cities of Decapolis.4. Pella, a city of Decapolis.5. Caphar Tsemach. Beth Gubrin. Caphar Carnaim.6. Caesarea Philippi.7. The city ???? Orbo,VIII. Some measurings.1. The measures of the jews.2. The Jews' measuring out the land by diets.3. The Talmudists' measuring the breadth of the land within Jordan.4. Ptolemy consulted and amended.5. Pliny to be corrected.6. The length of the land, out of Antoninus.7. The breadth of the ways.8. The distance of sepulchres from cities.IX. Some places scatteringly noted.1. The Roman garrisons.2. Zin ??? . Cadesh ? ? ? .3. Ono. ?? X. Of the various inhabitants of the land.1. It was the land of the Hebrews before it was the Canaanites'.2. Whence Canaan was a part only of Canaan, Judg. iv. 2.3. The Perizzites, who.4. The Kenites.5. Rephaim. CONTENTSOF THE CHOROGRAPHICAL DECADCHOROGRAPHICAL NOTESI. Of the places mentioned in Luke iii.1. Some historical passages concerning the territories of Herod.2. Whether Perea may not also be called Galilee.3. Some things in general concerning the country beyond Jordan.4. Trachonitis.5. Auranitis.6. Iturea.7. Abilene.8. Sam. xx. 18 discussed.II. Sarepta.1. Zarephath, Obad. ver. 20. where.2. Sepharad, where.3. The situation of Sarepta.III. Nain. Luke vii. 11.1. Concerning Nain near Tabor, shewn to strangers.2. Concerning the Nain or Naim in Josephus and the Rabbins.3. Engannim.IV. Emmaus. Luke xxiv.1. Several things about its name and place.2. Its situation.3. Some story of it. Also of Timnath and mount Gilead, Judg. vii. 3.CONTENTS OF THE CHOROGRAPHICAL NOTES.CHOKOGMPHICAL INQUIRYI. Bethabara. John i.1. Different reading's, ???a??a and ???aµa??.2. The noted passages over Jordan.3. The Scythopolitan country.4. ?Eya ped??? The great plain: the Scythopolitan passage there.5. Beth-barah, Judg. vii. 24.II. Nazareth, John i. 45.1. A legend not much unlike that of the Chapel of Loretto.2. The situation of Nazareth.3. Ben Nezer.4. Certain horrid practices in • ??? ???Capharnachum.5. Some short remarks upon Cana, john ii. 2.III. ????? ????? t?? Sa???µ, AEnon near Salim. John iii. 23.1. Certain names and places of near sound with Sa?e?µ, ' Salim. '2. a' Salmean' or a' Salamean, ' used amongst the Targumists instead of ???? a ' Kenite.3. ????? in the Greek Interpreter, Joshua xv. 62.4. The Syriac remarked. And Eustathius upon Dionysius.5. Herodium, a palace.6. Machaerus, a castle.7. The hill Mizaar. ?? ???? Psalm xlii. 6.8. Eglath Shelishijah,Isa. xv. 5IV. S????. John iv. 5.1. A few remarks upon the Samaritan affairs.1. Of the name of the Cuthites.2. Josephus mistaken.3. Samaria planted with colonies two several times4. Of Dosthai, the pseud-apostle of the Samaritans5. The language of Ashdod, Neh. xiii. 24, whether the Samaritan language or no ?2. The Samaritan Pentateuch.3. The situation of the mounts Gerizim and Ebal. The Samaritan text upon Deut. xxvii. 4 noted.4. Why it is written Sychar, and not Sychem.5. Ain Socar, in the Talmud.V. Bethesda, John v. 2.1. The situation of the Probatica.2. The fountain of Siloam, and its streams.3. The pool ??? Shelahh, and the pool ???? shiloah.4. The Targumist on Eccles. ii. 5 noted.5. The fountain of Etam. The water-gate.VI. St?a t?? S???µ??t??. Solomon's Porch, John x. 23.1. Some obscure hints of the Gate of Huldah, and the Priest's Gate.2. Solomon's Porch; which it was, and where.3. The Gate of Shushan. The assembly of theTwenty-three there. The tabernae, or 'shops, things were sold for the Temple.4. Short hints of the condition of the second Temple.VII. Various things.1. ?f?a?µ, 'Ephraim,' John xi. 54.2. 'Beth Maron,' and ????? 'A Maronite.'3. Chalamish, Naveh, and other obscure places.4. ?afe?a?a, Chaphenatha, 1 Macc. xii. 37.5. The Targum of Jonathan upon Numb. xxxiv. 8, noted.Contentsa of the Chorographical InquiryVolume 2Volume 3Volume 4
commentary testament from talmud hebraica page https publishersrow testamen ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks sdfg
eBookshuk Books

New Heart, New Spirit: Biblical Humanism for Modern Israel
New Heart, New Spirit confronts the ethical and moral values of the Bible in the context of the critical situation that Israel and Zionism are facing. It is an outcry and a challenge to the xenophobic movements focused on “holy wars,” power, land, and blood.

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. II
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The second volume covers Jacob and the kidskins, the passage through the Red Sea, the judgment of Solomon, and other stories.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life
Judaism as a Civilization remains one of the most original and thought-provoking contributions toward creating a comprehensive program for creative Jewish life. In this seminal work, Kaplan offers his now famous concept of Judaism as an evolving religious civilization.

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.
This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

Meeting of Cultures and Clash of Cultures


The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, “a chronicle of heart-rending events” recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

JEWS, JUDAISM AND THE CLASSICAL WORLD
English edition of the work for which G. Alon received prestigious Israel Prize. Anyone interested in the origin of the modern Jewish law and the history of the Second Temple must read this book.

Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10
qwer

JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

The Other War: Israelis, Palestinians and the Struggle for Media Supremacy
Stephanie Gutmann, who covered the second intifada, documents in her book, 'The Other War,' how Israel, in spite of — or maybe because of — its strength as a democracy nearly always loses the battle for soft and sympathetic minds. — The Washington Times

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

Trujillo: A Jewish Community in Extremadura on the Eve of the Expulsion from Spain. Hispania Judaica, v. 2
Based on documents published for the first time, this book reveals the life and surroundings of a community lulled into a false sense of security and endeavouring to build its life in peace while the war against Granada continues.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

Nazarene Jewish Christianity
A comprehensive study of the immediate heirs of the earliest Jerusalem church.

A Grammar of Samaritan Hebrew
The importance of the Samaritan pronunciation of Hebrew has gained wide acceptance as essential for reaching a correct understanding of the processes that affected the development of the Hebrew language in the late second temple period.

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 5
sdf

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

TestBook4


Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.