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Ch. ii. I.] Exercitations

by John Lightfoot
Ch. ii. I.] Exercitations upon the Acts. 21 CHAP. Il. y VE Κ. I : Kai iv τω  τνμττ\\ ηρον( τΘαι την ήμέραν της Ylev- τηκοστψ And when the day of Pentecost was fully come.] I. This word Pentecost seems to be taken into use by the Hellenist Jews to signify this feast; which also almost all the versions retain, the Western especially, and, amongst the Eastern, the Syriac and Ethiopic. The Hebraizing Jews commonly call this feast by the name of לצרת ; from which one of the Arabic translations differs very little, when it renders it in this place יום א ל לנצרת אלחמשכן ; where the letter נ is only inserted ; the other omits the word wholly, and only hath אלחמשין • V, the day of the fifty. II. It is well enough known that לצרת , in the holy Scrip-tures, was a holiday, Levit. xxiii. 36 ; Deut. xvi. 8; 2 Kings x. 20 : and the reason why the Jews so peculiarly appro-priate it to the feast of Pentecost seems to be this; because this feast consisted in one solemn day, whereas the  feast of Passover and of Tabernacles had more days. Asz the  days of the feast are seven. R. Chaija saith,  Because the Pente-cost is but for one day, is the morning so too V They say unto him,  Thou arguest from a far- fetched tradition. Where the Gloss hath it,  That this fast is but  for one day, we learn from the very word לצרת . Thea men  of the town Ma-haesia are strong of heart, for they see  the glory of the law twice in the year. The Gloss is,  Thither all Israel is gathered together in the month Adar, that they may hear the traditions concerning that passover in the school of Rabh Asai; and in the month Elul, that they may hear the tra-ditions concerning the feast of Tabernacles. But they were not so gathered together בלצרת שאינו אלא י ו ם אחד at the feast of Pentecost, because that is not above one day. Hence that Baithusean may be  the better believed in his dispute with Rabban Johananb,  Moses our master ( saith he) will love Israel; ויודל שלצרת יום אח ד חיא and he knows that the feast of Pentecost is but for  one day. III. And yet there is mentionc  of a second holiday in y English  folio edition, vol. ii. p. a Beracoth, fol. 17. 2.641.  b Menacoth, fol. 65. I. z Beresh.  Rabba, fol. 114, 3.  c Sanhed. fol. 26. 2.   Chapter Home t t t t t

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Ch. ii. I.] Exercitations upon the Acts. 21 CHAP. Il. y VE Κ. I : Kai iv τω < τνμττ\\\\ ηρον( τΘαι την ήμέραν της Ylev- τηκοστψ' And when the day of Pentecost was fully come.] I. This word Pentecost seems to be taken into use by the Hellenist Jews to signify this feast; which also almost all the versions retain, the Western especially, and, amongst the Eastern, the Syriac and Ethiopic. The Hebraizing Jews commonly call this feast by the name of לצרת ; from which one of the Arabic translations differs very little, when it renders it in this place יום א ל לנצרת אלחמשכן ; where the letter נ is only inserted ; the other omits the word wholly, and only hath אלחמשין • V, the day of the fifty. II. It is well enough known that לצרת , in the holy Scrip-tures, was a holiday, Levit. xxiii. 36 ; Deut. xvi. 8; 2 Kings x. 20 : and the reason why the Jews so peculiarly appro-priate it to the feast of Pentecost seems to be this; because this feast consisted in one solemn day, whereas the feast of Passover and of Tabernacles had more days. \\" Asz the days of the feast are seven. R. Chaija saith, ' Because the Pente-cost is but for one day, is the morning so too V They say unto him, ' Thou arguest from a far- fetched tradition.'\\" Where the Gloss hath it, \\" That this fast is but for one day, we learn from the very word לצרת .\\" \\" Thea men of the town Ma-haesia are strong of heart, for they see the glory of the law twice in the year.\\" The Gloss is, \\" Thither all Israel is gathered together in the month Adar, that they may hear the traditions concerning that passover in the school of Rabh Asai; and in the month Elul, that they may hear the tra-ditions concerning the feast of Tabernacles. But they were not so gathered together בלצרת שאינו אלא י ו ם אחד at the feast of Pentecost, because that is not above one day.\\" Hence that Baithusean may be the better believed in his dispute with Rabban Johananb, \\" Moses our master ( saith he) will love Israel; ויודל שלצרת יום אח ד חיא and he knows that the feast of Pentecost is but for one day.\\" III. And yet there is mentionc of a second holiday in y English folio edition, vol. ii. p. a Beracoth, fol. 17. 2. 641. b Menacoth, fol. 65. I. z Beresh. Rabba, fol. 114, 3. c Sanhed. fol. 26. 2. << Chapter >> Home t t t t t
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