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Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1

by John Lightfoot

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TitleCommentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1
AuthorJohn Lightfoot
PublisherVarda Books
Publication Date2009
Pages385


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About the Author 

John Lightfoot ---





Contents 

New Page 2

CONTENTS OF THE CHOROGRAPHICAL CENTURY

I. The division of the land 5

II. The Talmudic girdle of the land under the second Temple, taken out of the Jerusalem Sheviith, fol. 36. 3. ניסיוט שביט ibid. col. 4 8

III. A great part of south Judea cut off under the second Temple. Jewish Idumea 10

IV. The seven seas according to the Talmudists, and the four rivers compassing the land 12

V. The sea of Sodom, ים המלח 15

VI. The coast of the Asphaltites. The Essenes. Engedi 17

VII. Cadesh. רקם , and that double. Inquiry is made, Whether the doubling it in the maps is well done 19

VIII. The river of Egypt, Rhinocorura. The lake of Sirbon... 21

IX. A sight of Judea 22

X. A description of the sea-coast, out of Pliny and Strabo 23

XI. The mountainous country of Judea: הר המלך 27

XII. The south country. דרומא עילאה ותתאה . Judea called דרום the South in respect of Galilee 30

XIII. Gaza 31

XIV. Ascalon. Gerar. The story of the eighty witches 32

XV. Jabneh. Jamnia 35

XVI. Lydda. לוד 37

XVII. Sharon. Caphar Lodim. ופר לודיט , The village of those of Lydda 41

XVIII. Caphar Tebi. ופר טבי 42

XIX. The northern coast of Judea. Beth-horon 43

XX. Beth-el. Beth-aven 44

XXI. Jerusalem 46

XXII. The parts of the city. Sion. "Ανω πόλις, the Upper City: which was on the north part 50

XXIII. The buildings of more eminent note in Sion 51

XXIV. Some buildings in Acra. Bezetha. Millo 54

XXV. Gihon, the same with the Fountain of Siloam 57

XXVI. The girdle of the city: Neh. iii 59

XXVII. Mount Moriah 63

XXVIII. The court of the Gentiles. הר הבית The Mountain of the House, in the Rabbins 64

XXIX. היל 5 עזרת נשינם Chel. The court of the Women 66

XXX. The gate of Nicanor, or the east gate of the court of Israel 68

XXXI. Concerning the gates and chambers lying on the south side of the court 70

XXXII. The gates and doors on the north side 72

XXXIII. The court itself 73

XXXIV. The altar. The rings. The laver 74

XXXV. Some other memorable places of the city 75

XXXVI. Synagogues in the city; and schools 78

XXXVII. Bethphage. בית פגי 80

XXXVIII. Kedron 83

XXXIX. The valley of Hinnom. ני הנום 85

XL. Mount Olivet. הר הזיתים The mount of Olives, 2 Sam. xv. 30; Zech. xiv. 4. In the Rabbins commonly, הר המשחה The mount of Oil 87

XLI. Bethany. בית העי . Beth-hene 90

XLII. צופיום ־. Σκοποί. Scopo 91

XLIII. Ramah. Ramathaim Zophim. Gibeah 92

XLIV. Nob. Bahurim 93

XLV. Emmaus. Kiriath-jearim 94

XLVI. The country of Jericho, and the situation of the city 95

XLVII. Jericho itself 98

XLVIII. Some miscellaneous matters belonging to the country about Jericho 101

XLIX. Hebron 103

L. Of the cities of refuge 105

LI. Beth-lehem 106

LII Betar. ביתר 107

LIII. ע פריום , Ephraim 109

LIV. ׳צוק Tsok: and בית חדודו , Beth Chadudo 110

LV. Divers matters 112

LVI. Samar.a. Sychem 115

LVII. Caesarea. Πύργος Στράτωνο:. Strata's to wer 119

LVIII. Antipatris. ופר שלם , Caphar Salama 123

LIX. Galilee. גליל 125

LX. Scythopolis. בית שאן , Beth-shean, the beginning of Galilee 126

LXI. Caphar Hananiah ופר חנניה . The middle of Galilee 127

LXII. The disposition of the tribes in Galilee 128

LXIII. The west coast of Galilee-Carmel 130

LXIV. Acon עוו . Ptolemais 132

LXV. Ecdippa. Achzib: Josh. xix. 29, Judg. i. 31. Κλίμαξ Ύνρίων Climax of the Tyrians 134

LXVI. The northern coast of Galilee. Amanah. The mountain of snow 136

LXV1I. פ מ יי ס Pamias. Paneas, the spring of Jordan 137

LXVIII. What is to be said of ימא דאפמיא . The sea of Apamia 140

LXIX. The lake Samochonitis 141

LXX. The lake of Gennesaret; or, the sea of Galilee and Tiberias 142

LXXI. Within what tribe the lake of Gennesaret was 144

LXXII. Tiberias 146

LXXIII. Of the situation of Tiberias 148

LXXIV. המת Chammath. Ammaus. המי ט בריא The warm baths of Tiberias 150

LXXV. Gadara. גדר 151

LXXVI. Magdala 153

LXXVII. Hippo. סוסיתה Susitha 153

LXXVIII. Some other towns near Tiberias. בית מעון BethMeon. ופר חיטיא Caphar Chittaia. פלטתה Paltathah LXXIX. The country of Gennesaret 155

LXXX. Capernaum 156

LXXXI. Some history of Tiberias. The Jerusalem Talmud was written there: and when 157

LXXXII. צפורי Tsippor 161

LXXXIII. Some places bordering upon Tsippor. ישנה Jeshanah. קיצרה Ketsarah. שיחין Shihin 164

LXXXIV. אושא Usha 165

LXXXV. Arbel. Shezor. תרנגולא עילאה Tarnegola the upper 167

LXXXVI. The difference of some customs of the Galileans from those of Judea 168

LXXXVII. The dialect of the Galileans, differing from the Jewish 170

LXXXVIII. גלגל Gilgal in Deut. xi. 30: what that place was. 172

LXXXIX. Divers towns called by the name of צור Tyre 174

XC. Cana 175

XCI. Perea. עבר הירדן . Beyond Jordan 176

XCII. Adam and Zaretan, Josh, iii 177

XCIII. Julias-Bethsaida 178

XCIV. Gamala. Chorazin 180

XCV. Some towns upon the very limits of the land. Out of the Jerusalem Talmud, Demai, fol. 2 2. 4 181

XCVI. The consistories of more note: out of the Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedr. fol. 32. 2 182

XCVII. The cities of the Levites 184

XCVIII. Some miscellaneous matters respecting the face of the land 186

XCIX. Subterraneous places. Mines. Caves 189

C. Of the places of burial 191

CONTENTS OF THE CHOROGRAPHICAL DECAD

CHAP I.

. 1. Idumea: Mark iii. 8 Page 202

. 2. A few things of Pelusium 203

. 3. Casiotis 204

. 4. Rhinocorura. The Arabic interpreter noted 205

. 5. The country of the Avites: a part of New Idumea. 205

. 6. The whole portion of Simeon within Idumea 206

. 7. The whole southern country of Judea, within Idumea 207

. 8. Of the third Palestine, or Palestine called ' the Healthful' 207

CHAP. II.

. 1. The wilderness: Mark i. 4, 12 211

. 2. מדבר יהודה The wilderness of Judah 212

. 3. A scheme of Asphaltites, and of the wilderness of Judah or Idumea adjacent 213

. 4. The wilderness of Judea, where John Baptist was... 215

. 5. MeXt aypLov, wild honey 217

. 6. Π. ρίχωρος του *ΐυρδάνον The region round about Jordan; Matt. iii. 5 218

CHAP. III.

. 1. Ταζοφνλάκιον' The treasury; Mark xii. 41 221

. 2. שופרות The Corban chests 222

. 3. The Corban לשוה chamber 223

. 4. Where the Γαζοφνλάκιον, treasury, was 225

. 5. גד יון Gad Javan in the Temple 227

. 6. Jerusalem, in Herodotus, is Cadytis 229

. 7. The streets of Jerusalem 230

. 8. The street leading from the Temple towards Olivet. 231

CHAP. IV.

. 1. A sabbath-day's journey 231

. 2. Shops in mount Olivet 233

. 3. מרחיץ בית חיני The lavatory of Bethany 234

. 4. Migdal Eder. מגדל עדר 235

. 5 The Seventy Interpreters noted 230

. 6. The pomp of those that offered the first-fruits 237

CHAP. V.

. 1. A scheme of the sea of Gennesaret, and the places adjacent 239

. 2. בית דאלמנותא . Zalmon. Thence Dalmanutha 239

CHAP. VI.

. 1. The maps too officious 244

. 2. ובול "opw A coast 245

. 3. The Greek Interpreters noted 247

. 4. Midland Phoenicia 248

. 5. Of the Sabbatic river 250

CHAP. VII.

. 1. The region of Decapolis not well placed by some... 251

. 2. Scythopolis, heretofore בית שאן Beth-shean, one of the Decapolitan cities 254

. 3. Gadara and Hippo, cities of Decapolis 255

. 4. Pella, a city of Decapolis 456

. 5. Caphar Tsemach. Beth Gubrin. Caphar Carnaim 257

. 6. Caesarea Philippi 259

. 7. The city ערבו Orbo 259

CHAP. VIII.

. 1. The measures of the Jews 261

. 2. The Jews' measuring out the land by diets 263

. 3. The Talmudists' measuring the breadth of the land within Jordan 264

. 4. Ptolemy consulted and amended 265

. 5. Pliny to be corrected 266

. 6. The length of the land out of Antoninus 288

. 7. The breadth of the ways 269

. 8. The distance of sepulchres from cities 270

CHAP. IX.

. 1. The Roman garrisons 271

. 2. Zin צץ . Cadesh רקום 273

. 3 . אונו Ono 274

CHAP. X.

. 1. It was the land of the Hebrews before it was the Canaanites' 276

. 2. Whence Canaan was a part only of Canaan, Judges iv. 2 279

. 3. The Perizzites, who 282

. 4. The Kenites 2S3

. 5. רפאים . Rephaim 284

CONTENTS OF THE CHOROGRAPHICAL NOTES

CHAP. I.

. 1. Some historical passages concerning the territories of Herod, &c Page 293

. 2. Whether Perea may not also be called Galilee 295

. 3. Some things in general concerning the country beyond Jordan 297

. 4. Trachonitis 299

. 5. Auranitis 300

. 6. lturea 302

. 7. Abilene 305

. 8. 2 Sam. xx. 18 discussed 306

CHAP. II.

. 1. Zarephath, Obad. ver. 20, where 308

. 2. Sepharad, where 309

. 3. The situation of Sarepta 310

CHAP. III.

. 1. Concerning Nain near Tabor, shewn to strangers 310

. 2. Concerning the Nain in Josephus and the Rabbins 312

. 3. Engannim 313

CHAP. IV.

. 1. Several things about its name and place 314

. 2. Its situation 316

. 3. Some story of it. Also of Timnath and mount Gilead, Judg. vii. 3 317

Contentsa of the Chorographical Inquiry

CHAP. I.

. 1. Different readings, Βηθανία and Βηθαμαρά Page 327

. 2. The noted passages over Jordan 328

. 3. The Scythopolitan country . 330

. 4. Meya πεδίον The Great Plain: the Scythopolitan passage there 331

. 5. Beth-barah, Judges vii. 24 332

CHAP. II.

. 1. A legend not much unlike that of the chapel of Loretto 334

. 2. The situation of Nazareth 335

. 3. נצר p Ben Nezer 337

. 4. Certain horrid practices in ופר נחום Capharnachum. 338

. 5. Some short remarks upon Cana, John ii. 2 340

CHAP. III.

. 1. Certain names and places of near sound with Σαλ6ί/ζ, Salim 342

. 2. שלמאה A Salmean, or a Salamean, used amongst the Targumists instead of יןיני a Kenite 343

. 3. Αίνων, in the Greek interpreter, Joshua xv. 62 344

. 4. The Syriac remarked: and Eustathius upon Dionysius 345

. 5. Herodium, a palace 346

. 6. Machaerus, a castle 347

. 7. The hill Mizaar. הר מצער Psalm xlii. 6 349

. 8. עגלת שלישיה Eglath Shelishijah, Isa. xv. 5 350

CHAP. IV.

. 1. A few remarks upon the Samaritan affairs 352

1. Of the name of the Cuthites 352

2. Josephus mistaken 353

3. Samaria planted with colonies two several times. 353

4. Of Dosthai, the pseud-apostle of the Samaritans. 354

5. The language of Ashdod, Neh. xiii. 24, whether Samaritan language or no 355

. 2. The Samaritan Pentateuch 355

. 3. The situation of the mounts Gerizim and Ebal. The Samaritan text upon Deut. xxvii. 4, noted 357

. 4. Why it is written Sychar, and not Sychem 385

. 5. עין סור Ain Socar, in the Talmud 359

CHAP. V.

. 1. The situation of the Probatica 361

. 2. The fountain of Siloam, and its streams 362

. 3. The pool שלח Shelahh, and the pool שלוה Shiloahh 364

. 4. The Targumist on Eccles. ii. 5, noted 366

. 5. The fountain of Etam. The Water-gate 367

CHAP. VI.

. 1. Some obscure hints of the Gate of Huldah, and the Priest's Gate 368

. 2. Solomon's Porch; which it was, and where 369

. 3. The Gate of Shushan. The assembly of the Twentythree there. The tabernae, or shops, where things were sold for the Temple 371

. 4. Short hints of the condition of the second Temple 372

CHAP. VII.

. 1. Έφραϊμ, Ephraim, John xi. 54 376

. 2. בית מרון Beth Maron, and מרוני a Maronite 377

. 3. Chalamish, Naveh, and other obscure places 378

. 4. Χαφεναθά, Chaphenatha, 1 Macc. xii. 37 379

. 5. The Targum of Jonathan upon Numb. xxxiv. 8, noted 380




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