Coat of Many Cultures: The Story...

The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

COAT OF MANY CULTURES

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492


About Book Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492

FrontmatterCopyright PageDedication PageContentsAcknowledgementsIntroductionTranslation and Commentary, Genesis 37– 50 (1422– 33)I. Of How Joseph Had Dreams, and How He Was Sold to the EgyptiansII. Of How Joseph's Mistress Fell in Love with Him, and How He Was Imprisoned Because of ThatIII. Of the Dream Pharaoh's Cupbearer and Baker Had, and How Joseph Interpreted ItIV. Of King Pharaoh's Two Dreams, of the Seven Cows and the Seven Ears of Grain, and the Interpretation of Them, and How BecaV. Of How Judah Spoke to Joseph Until He Made Himself Known to Them, and How They BroughtVI. Of the Names of the Children of Israel Who Came to Egypt, and of Their NumberVII. Of How Joseph Saw His Father Jacob, and of How Jacob's Brothers Saw Pharaoh, and of How Jacob Came to PharaohVIII. Of How Joseph Took All the Money in the Land of Egypt, and How He Set Aside a Fifth for the KingIX. Of How Jacob Fell 111, and of the Years That He Lived in the Land of Egypt, and of How He Made Joseph Swear to Bury Him in theX. Of Jacob's Predictions to His Sons Concerning What Would Happen to Them at the End of DaysThe Book of Heroes (c. 1150–1200)I. Va-YeshevII. MikketsIII. Va-YiggashIV. Va-yehiV. ShemotThe Story of Yusuf, Son of Ya‘qub (c. 1450– 1550)I. Yusufs BirthII. The Tree and the RodsIII. Yusuf's DreamsIV. Yusuf's Brothers Plot to Kill HimV. Yahuda IntervenesVI. Yusuf in the CisternVII. The Brothers Return to Ya‘qubVIII. Allah's Promise to Yusuf in the CisternIX. The Brothers Sell Yusuf to a MerchantX. Yusuf's Lament at His Mother's GraveXI. Allah Protects Yusuf with a StormXII. Arrival in MisraXIII. Malik Sells Yusuf to the KingXIV. Yusuf and the ArabXV. Zalikha Falls in Love with YusufXVI. She Attempts to Seduce HimXVII. Zalikha Falsely Accuses YusufXVIII. An Infant Testifies for YusufXIX. Women Gossip About ZalikhaXX. Yusuf Goes to PrisonXXI. The Cupbearer and the BakerXXII. The King's DreamXXIII. Yusuf Is Released from PrisonXXIV. Yusuf Becomes KingXXV. The Aged Zalikha Becomes a SlaveXXVI. Yusuf Marries ZalikhaXXVII. Yusuf's Brothers Go to MisraXXVIII. Yusuf Receives His BrothersXXIX. The Brothers Return to Ya‘qubXXX. The Brothers Go Back to Misra with YaminXXXI. Yusuf Reunited with YaminXXXII. Yamin Accused of TheftXXXIII. The Brothers Return to Ya‘qubXXXIV. Yusuf Tests His BrothersXXXV. Yusuf Reveals HimselfXXXVI. The Brothers Go to Get Ya‘qubXXXVII. Yusuf Receives Ya‘qub in MisraHadith of Yusuf (c. 1250–1400)Poem of Yosef (c. 1350)General History (begun 1272)Here Begins the Eighth Book of the General HistoryI. Of the Wicked Deeds Joseph Saw His Brothers Commit, and of the Dreams He Dreamed in His Father's House, and of How He Was Sold and Taken to EgyptV. Of Joseph's Coming to Egypt; and of His Master Phutiphar, Who Bought Him; and of Pharaoh Nicrao and His ConquestsVI. Of How Phutiphar Bought Joseph and Gave Him to His Wife Zulayme, and Phutiphar Built Pharaoh Some Very Noble PalacesVII. Of How Joseph's Mistress Zulayme Fell in Love with Him, and of How She Behaved with Him before the Ladies of Pharaoh's HouseVIII. Of How Lady Zulayme Seized Joseph and Had Phutiphar Throw Him in Jail; and of the Chroni-cle of the Kings of That TimeIX. Of How Pharaoh's Cupbearer and Baker Had Dreams While They Were in Jail, and Joseph Interpreted Them, and They Came TrueX. Of How Joseph Interpreted Pharaoh Nicrao's Dreams in Jail, and Was Taken before HimXI. Of How King Pharaoh Nicrao Was Pleased with Joseph, and Tested Him in the City He Had Built at the Head of the Nile, and Placed Him in Charge of All His Kingdom, and Married Him to Lady Zulayme, Who Had Been His MistressXII. Of the Accounting of the Time when Joseph Was Placed in Charge of All Egypt, and of the Gentile Kings of That YearXIII. Of How Joseph Converted Pharaoh Nicrao to His Customs, and How He Filled Pharaoh's Granaries with Much Bread, Because the People Didn't CareXVI. Of What Joseph Did at This Time, and the Children He Had by Lady Zulayme, His WifeXVII. Of How Pharaoh Nicrao Mercifully Ordered Bread Sold to All the People, and Changed Joseph's NameXVIII. Of How Joseph's Brothers Came to Egypt for Bread, and They Didn't Recognize Him, But He Recognized Them and Had a Conversation with ThemXIX. Of the Words Reuben Spoke for Himself and His Brothers, and of Joseph's Words to Reuben and His BrothersXX. Of How Joseph Took Pity on His Brothers, and Sent Them Home With the Grain and the Price of It; and They Asked Their Father for Benjamin, But He Said He Wouldn't Give Him to ThemXXI. Of How Jacob Gave In, and Gave Benjamin to His Brothers, and They Went to Joseph with Him, and He Received Them Very Well, and What He Did with Them after ThatXXII. Of How They Put Joseph's Cup in Benjamin's Sack, and Benjamin Was Arrested for That, and His Brothers Tried to Get Him Out of PrisonXXIII. Of How Joseph Revealed Himself to His Brothers, and King Pharaoh Heard of It; and Then They Sent for Their Father JacobXXIV. Of How King Pharaoh Learned That Joseph's Brothers Had Come, and Rejoiced Greatly, and Sent for Them, and What He SaidXXV. Of How These Sons of Jacob Left Egypt and Went to the Land of Canaan, and Told Their Father Everything Joseph Had Said to ThemXXVI. Of How Jacob Came to His Senses, and Believed That His Son Joseph Was Truly Alive, and Acknowledged the Truth of Everything His Sons Told Him about This MatterHere Begins the Ninth Book of the General HistoryI. Of How Jacob Went to Egypt, and Inquired of God Concerning That Journey, and He Commanded Him to GoII. Of How Jacob Went to Egypt, and an Accounting of Those Whom He Took with HimIII. Of How Joseph Received His Father and His Brothers and Took Them to the KingIV. Of How Joseph's Brothers Spoke before the King, and He Ordered Joseph to Provide for Them and for His FatherV. Of How King Pharaoh Received Jacob, and the Words of Both of ThemVI. Of How Joseph Provided for His Father and His Brothers, by Pharaoh's CommandVII. Of the Reason Why the Libyans Dislike Those Who Raise SheepVIII. Of How Joseph Settled His Father and His Brothers in Goshen and Raamses, and of the Year When That HappenedIX. Of How the Egyptians Sold Joseph All Their Cattle and Pasture Land for PharaohX. Of How the Egyptians Sold Joseph All Their Manservants and Maidservants for PharaohXI. Of How the Egyptians Sold Joseph All Their Lands and Even Their Own Bodies for PharaohXII. Of How the Priests of Egypt and Their Possessions Were Exempt from This Sale and ServitudeXIII. Of Pharaoh Nicrao and of King Pharaoh Amosis and Joseph's PowerXIV. Of King Pharaoh Amosis, and His Reign, and His CustomsXV. Of the Condition of the Egyptian Farmers, and How They Worked the Land, and Gave the King the Fifth PartXVI. Of the Gentile Kings Who Were Reigning at That TimeXVII. Of How Jacob Fell 111, and His Sons Came to See Him, and Their ConversationXVIII. Of How Jacob Recovered, But Soon Fell Ill Again, and Joseph Came to Him with His Sons, and the Words They Spoke TogetherXIX. Of How Jacob Blessed His Grandsons, Ephraim and Manasseh, and Prophesied to Joseph Concerning ThemXX. Of How Jacob Prophesied Concerning Manasseh, and the Inheritance He Left HimXXI. Of Jacob's Words Concerning His Prophecies, and His Blessings to His SonsXXII. Of the Prophecy to ReubenXXIII. Of Jacob's Prophecies to Simeon and to LeviXXIV. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Judah, His Fourth Son, According to the Latin Biblical TextXXV. The Meaning of the Prophecies Concerning JudahXXVI. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Zebulun, His Fifth SonXXVII. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Issachar, His Sixth SonXXVIII. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Dan, His Seventh SonXXIX. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Gad, His Eighth SonXXX. Of the Prophecy Concerning Asher, Jacob's Ninth SonXXXI. Of the Prophecy Concerning Naphtali, Jacob's Tenth SonXXXII. Of the Prophecies Concerning Joseph, in Which Jacob Spoke Well of Him, and Praised HimXXXIII. Of the Meaning of the Prophecies Concerning JosephXXXIV. Of Jacob's Blessings to His Son Joseph, Whom He Loved MuchXXXV. Of Jacob's Prophecy Concerning Benjamin, His Last Son, in Which He Said as Follows:XXXVI. Of How Jacob Commanded that He Be Buried, and Bade His Sons Farewell, and DiedXXXVII. Of the Mourning for Jacob, and of How Long the Ancients MournedXXXVIII. Of Jacob's BurialXXXIX. Of the Chronicle of Jacob's Years and His BurialXLIII. How Joseph's Brothers Feared Him, and He Reassured Them, and Returned to Egypt with ThemXLIV. Of the Pharaoh Kings and Other Gentile Kings at That TimeXLVI. Of the Power, and Descendants, and Death of Joseph, and His Admonition to His BrothersXLVII. Of the Number of Years from the Beginning of the World and from Adam to Joseph's DeathThe Story of Joseph, Son of the Great Patriarch Jacob (before 1486)I. PrologueII. Of the Hatred Which, out of Envy, Joseph's Brothers Felt toward HimIII. Joseph Recites What He Had DreamedIV. Joseph Goes to the Wilderness to Approach His Brothers; and on the Attributes of EnvyV. Joseph's Brothers Plot His Death; Reuben Admonishes Them Not to Commit So Ugly a CrimeVI. Joseph's Brothers Throw Him into the Cistern, Where He Humbly Supplicates Our Lord God in Devout PrayerVII. The Sale of Joseph to the Egyptian MerchantsVIII. The Brothers Send Joseph's Bloodstained Robe to Jacob, His FatherIX. Joseph Reaches the Tomb of His Mother RachelX. Joseph's Lament on His Mother's GraveXI. Joseph's Mistress Falls in Love with HimXII. Joseph's Mistress Reveals Her Unchaste Love to HimXIII. Joseph Replies to His Mistress' Unchaste WordsXIV. His Mistress Tries to Take Joseph by Force; as He Flees, She Takes His CloakXV. Joseph's Mistress Accuses Him of Unchaste BoldnessXVI. Joseph's Master Orders Him Taken to JailXVII. King Pharaoh's Cupbearer and Baker Recite to Joseph What They Had DreamtXVIII. Joseph Interprets the Cupbearer's and Baker's DreamsXIX. The Cupbearer Tells the King of Joseph's Great KnowledgeXX. After Delivering Joseph from Jail, the King Tells Him His DreamsXXI. Joseph Interprets the Dreams of the King, Who Names Him Viceroy of EgyptXXII. Because of the General Famine, People Come to Joseph from All the Provinces to Buy WheatXXIII. Joseph's Brothers Come to Egypt to Buy WheatXXIV. The Brothers Reply to Joseph, Who Has Them Put in JailXXV. Simeon Stays in Jail for All the Brothers; the Others Return HomeXXVI. They Find the Money They Had Paid in Their Bags; and They Tell Jacob What Had Happened to Them in EgyptXXVII. Jacob Admonishes His Sons to Go Back for Wheat; They Reply That They Cannot Return Unless They Take BenjaminXXVIII. Jacob Consents for Benjamin to Go Down to Egypt with His BrothersXXIX. The Brothers Return to Egypt with BenjaminXXX. The Brothers Appear before JosephXXXI. Joseph Entertains His Eleven Brothers at a Solemn BanquetXXXII. The Viceroy's Majordomo Arrests the Brothers, Accusing Them of TheftXXXIII. The Brothers Go before the Viceroy, Begging for MercyXXXIV. Judah Begs the Viceroy to Take Him as Slave instead of BenjaminXXXV. The Viceroy Reveals to His Brothers Who He IsXXXVI. The Brothers Report Joseph's Survival and Triumph to Their FatherXXXVII. The Prayer That Jacob Addressed to Our Lord When He Heard That Joseph Was Living in Great ProsperityXXXVIII. Jacob Arrives in EgyptSpeculum HistorialeCXVIII. From the Story of Asseneth. Of Asseneth's arroganceCXIX. Of how Joseph dissuaded her from worshiping idolsCXX. Of Asseneth's penance and angelic consolationCXXI. Of the table and the honey-comb which she set before the AngelXCCII. Of the blessing of the seven virgins and Asseneth's marriage
coat many cultures story joseph spanish literature page https publishersrow stor ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks book presents seven works based biblical these unmistakably though them also undeniably muslim
eBookshuk Books

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology – and faith – at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Jesus of Nazareth
asdf

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

Treatise Ta anit of the Babylonian Talmud: Critically Edited and Provided With A Translation and Notes
This book presents the first critical edition of the Talmudic text based on a minute collation of all the existing manuscripts and early editions of the Talmud itself, as well as of the Mishnah, Tosefta, the numerous halakic and haggadic Midrashim, the Yerushalmi, and the so-called Minor Tractates. The text is translated and elucidated for the benefit of a wider circle of readers, who are not in a position to study the original.

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.4
asdf

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

BOOKS OF KINGS


THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studies in Jewish Education VIII: Teaching Classical Rabbinic Texts
THIS VOLUME FOCUSES ON THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING CLASSICAL RABBINIC TEXTS.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Jews in the Hungarian Economy 1760-1945
In the sixteen essays in this volume, scholars from three continents explore dispassionately various facets of the Jewish presence in the Hungarian economy over a span of two centuries. (Two of the articles deal with Vienna which had quite a sizeable contingent of Hungarian Jews.) The topics range from pure economic history dealing with entrepreneurship and occupational structure, to related fields such as demography, urbanization and nutrition. Several studies discuss the interaction of both

Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

THE ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF JUDAEA
A broad survey of economic and political conditions in Judaea after Destruction of the Second Temple.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER
Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.