Coat of Many Cultures: The Story...

The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

Copyright © 2001 by Varda Books Original copyright © 1997 by Michael McGaha All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, except for brief passages in connection with a critical review, without permission in writing from the publisher: The Jewish Publication Society, 1930 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19103 – 4599 Manufactured in the United States of America This ebook has been published with permission of The Jewish Publication Society ( Philadelphia). The printed book, which served as a basis for this book is catalogued by the Library of Congress thus: Library if Congress Cataloging- in- Publication Data Coat of many cultures : the Joseph story in Spanish literature, 1200 – 1492 / selected, translated, and introduced by Michael McGaha. p. cm. Translated from Spanish, Arabic, Hebrew and Ladino. ISBN 0 – 8276 – 0570 – 6 1. Joseph ( Son of Jacob) - Literary collections. 2. Spanish literature - To 1500 - Translations into English. 3. Spanish literature - Translations into English. 4. Spain - Literatures - Translations into English. 5. Mozarabic literature - Translations into English. 6. Spain - Literatures - History and criticism. I. McGaha, Michael D., 1941 - PQ6174.9. J6C3 1996 808.8 0351 - dc20 Typeset by Circle Graphics, Inc. Printed by Text Press No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage retrieval system, except for brief passages in connection with a critical review, without permission in writing from the publisher: Varda Books, 9001 Keating Avenue, Skokie, Illinois, USA Prepared as an ebook by Varda Graphics, Inc. New ISBN 1- 59045- 322- 0 Scholar PDF

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492


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FrontmatterCopyright PageDedication PageContentsAcknowledgementsIntroductionTranslation and Commentary, Genesis 37– 50 (1422– 33)I. Of How Joseph Had Dreams, and How He Was Sold to the EgyptiansII. Of How Joseph's Mistress Fell in Love with Him, and How He Was Imprisoned Because of ThatIII. Of the Dream Pharaoh's Cupbearer and Baker Had, and How Joseph Interpreted ItIV. Of King Pharaoh's Two Dreams, of the Seven Cows and the Seven Ears of Grain, and the Interpretation of Them, and How BecaV. Of How Judah Spoke to Joseph Until He Made Himself Known to Them, and How They BroughtVI. Of the Names of the Children of Israel Who Came to Egypt, and of Their NumberVII. Of How Joseph Saw His Father Jacob, and of How Jacob's Brothers Saw Pharaoh, and of How Jacob Came to PharaohVIII. Of How Joseph Took All the Money in the Land of Egypt, and How He Set Aside a Fifth for the KingIX. Of How Jacob Fell 111, and of the Years That He Lived in the Land of Egypt, and of How He Made Joseph Swear to Bury Him in theX. Of Jacob's Predictions to His Sons Concerning What Would Happen to Them at the End of DaysThe Book of Heroes (c. 1150–1200)I. Va-YeshevII. MikketsIII. Va-YiggashIV. Va-yehiV. ShemotThe Story of Yusuf, Son of Ya‘qub (c. 1450– 1550)I. Yusufs BirthII. The Tree and the RodsIII. Yusuf's DreamsIV. Yusuf's Brothers Plot to Kill HimV. Yahuda IntervenesVI. Yusuf in the CisternVII. The Brothers Return to Ya‘qubVIII. Allah's Promise to Yusuf in the CisternIX. The Brothers Sell Yusuf to a MerchantX. Yusuf's Lament at His Mother's GraveXI. Allah Protects Yusuf with a StormXII. Arrival in MisraXIII. Malik Sells Yusuf to the KingXIV. Yusuf and the ArabXV. Zalikha Falls in Love with YusufXVI. She Attempts to Seduce HimXVII. Zalikha Falsely Accuses YusufXVIII. An Infant Testifies for YusufXIX. Women Gossip About ZalikhaXX. Yusuf Goes to PrisonXXI. The Cupbearer and the BakerXXII. The King's DreamXXIII. Yusuf Is Released from PrisonXXIV. Yusuf Becomes KingXXV. The Aged Zalikha Becomes a SlaveXXVI. Yusuf Marries ZalikhaXXVII. Yusuf's Brothers Go to MisraXXVIII. Yusuf Receives His BrothersXXIX. The Brothers Return to Ya‘qubXXX. The Brothers Go Back to Misra with YaminXXXI. Yusuf Reunited with YaminXXXII. Yamin Accused of TheftXXXIII. The Brothers Return to Ya‘qubXXXIV. Yusuf Tests His BrothersXXXV. Yusuf Reveals HimselfXXXVI. The Brothers Go to Get Ya‘qubXXXVII. Yusuf Receives Ya‘qub in MisraHadith of Yusuf (c. 1250–1400)Poem of Yosef (c. 1350)General History (begun 1272)Here Begins the Eighth Book of the General HistoryI. Of the Wicked Deeds Joseph Saw His Brothers Commit, and of the Dreams He Dreamed in His Father's House, and of How He Was Sold and Taken to EgyptV. Of Joseph's Coming to Egypt; and of His Master Phutiphar, Who Bought Him; and of Pharaoh Nicrao and His ConquestsVI. Of How Phutiphar Bought Joseph and Gave Him to His Wife Zulayme, and Phutiphar Built Pharaoh Some Very Noble PalacesVII. Of How Joseph's Mistress Zulayme Fell in Love with Him, and of How She Behaved with Him before the Ladies of Pharaoh's HouseVIII. Of How Lady Zulayme Seized Joseph and Had Phutiphar Throw Him in Jail; and of the Chroni-cle of the Kings of That TimeIX. Of How Pharaoh's Cupbearer and Baker Had Dreams While They Were in Jail, and Joseph Interpreted Them, and They Came TrueX. Of How Joseph Interpreted Pharaoh Nicrao's Dreams in Jail, and Was Taken before HimXI. Of How King Pharaoh Nicrao Was Pleased with Joseph, and Tested Him in the City He Had Built at the Head of the Nile, and Placed Him in Charge of All His Kingdom, and Married Him to Lady Zulayme, Who Had Been His MistressXII. Of the Accounting of the Time when Joseph Was Placed in Charge of All Egypt, and of the Gentile Kings of That YearXIII. Of How Joseph Converted Pharaoh Nicrao to His Customs, and How He Filled Pharaoh's Granaries with Much Bread, Because the People Didn't CareXVI. Of What Joseph Did at This Time, and the Children He Had by Lady Zulayme, His WifeXVII. Of How Pharaoh Nicrao Mercifully Ordered Bread Sold to All the People, and Changed Joseph's NameXVIII. Of How Joseph's Brothers Came to Egypt for Bread, and They Didn't Recognize Him, But He Recognized Them and Had a Conversation with ThemXIX. Of the Words Reuben Spoke for Himself and His Brothers, and of Joseph's Words to Reuben and His BrothersXX. Of How Joseph Took Pity on His Brothers, and Sent Them Home With the Grain and the Price of It; and They Asked Their Father for Benjamin, But He Said He Wouldn't Give Him to ThemXXI. Of How Jacob Gave In, and Gave Benjamin to His Brothers, and They Went to Joseph with Him, and He Received Them Very Well, and What He Did with Them after ThatXXII. Of How They Put Joseph's Cup in Benjamin's Sack, and Benjamin Was Arrested for That, and His Brothers Tried to Get Him Out of PrisonXXIII. Of How Joseph Revealed Himself to His Brothers, and King Pharaoh Heard of It; and Then They Sent for Their Father JacobXXIV. Of How King Pharaoh Learned That Joseph's Brothers Had Come, and Rejoiced Greatly, and Sent for Them, and What He SaidXXV. Of How These Sons of Jacob Left Egypt and Went to the Land of Canaan, and Told Their Father Everything Joseph Had Said to ThemXXVI. Of How Jacob Came to His Senses, and Believed That His Son Joseph Was Truly Alive, and Acknowledged the Truth of Everything His Sons Told Him about This MatterHere Begins the Ninth Book of the General HistoryI. Of How Jacob Went to Egypt, and Inquired of God Concerning That Journey, and He Commanded Him to GoII. Of How Jacob Went to Egypt, and an Accounting of Those Whom He Took with HimIII. Of How Joseph Received His Father and His Brothers and Took Them to the KingIV. Of How Joseph's Brothers Spoke before the King, and He Ordered Joseph to Provide for Them and for His FatherV. Of How King Pharaoh Received Jacob, and the Words of Both of ThemVI. Of How Joseph Provided for His Father and His Brothers, by Pharaoh's CommandVII. Of the Reason Why the Libyans Dislike Those Who Raise SheepVIII. Of How Joseph Settled His Father and His Brothers in Goshen and Raamses, and of the Year When That HappenedIX. Of How the Egyptians Sold Joseph All Their Cattle and Pasture Land for PharaohX. Of How the Egyptians Sold Joseph All Their Manservants and Maidservants for PharaohXI. Of How the Egyptians Sold Joseph All Their Lands and Even Their Own Bodies for PharaohXII. Of How the Priests of Egypt and Their Possessions Were Exempt from This Sale and ServitudeXIII. Of Pharaoh Nicrao and of King Pharaoh Amosis and Joseph's PowerXIV. Of King Pharaoh Amosis, and His Reign, and His CustomsXV. Of the Condition of the Egyptian Farmers, and How They Worked the Land, and Gave the King the Fifth PartXVI. Of the Gentile Kings Who Were Reigning at That TimeXVII. Of How Jacob Fell 111, and His Sons Came to See Him, and Their ConversationXVIII. Of How Jacob Recovered, But Soon Fell Ill Again, and Joseph Came to Him with His Sons, and the Words They Spoke TogetherXIX. Of How Jacob Blessed His Grandsons, Ephraim and Manasseh, and Prophesied to Joseph Concerning ThemXX. Of How Jacob Prophesied Concerning Manasseh, and the Inheritance He Left HimXXI. Of Jacob's Words Concerning His Prophecies, and His Blessings to His SonsXXII. Of the Prophecy to ReubenXXIII. Of Jacob's Prophecies to Simeon and to LeviXXIV. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Judah, His Fourth Son, According to the Latin Biblical TextXXV. The Meaning of the Prophecies Concerning JudahXXVI. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Zebulun, His Fifth SonXXVII. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Issachar, His Sixth SonXXVIII. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Dan, His Seventh SonXXIX. Of Jacob's Prophecy to Gad, His Eighth SonXXX. Of the Prophecy Concerning Asher, Jacob's Ninth SonXXXI. Of the Prophecy Concerning Naphtali, Jacob's Tenth SonXXXII. Of the Prophecies Concerning Joseph, in Which Jacob Spoke Well of Him, and Praised HimXXXIII. Of the Meaning of the Prophecies Concerning JosephXXXIV. Of Jacob's Blessings to His Son Joseph, Whom He Loved MuchXXXV. Of Jacob's Prophecy Concerning Benjamin, His Last Son, in Which He Said as Follows:XXXVI. Of How Jacob Commanded that He Be Buried, and Bade His Sons Farewell, and DiedXXXVII. Of the Mourning for Jacob, and of How Long the Ancients MournedXXXVIII. Of Jacob's BurialXXXIX. Of the Chronicle of Jacob's Years and His BurialXLIII. How Joseph's Brothers Feared Him, and He Reassured Them, and Returned to Egypt with ThemXLIV. Of the Pharaoh Kings and Other Gentile Kings at That TimeXLVI. Of the Power, and Descendants, and Death of Joseph, and His Admonition to His BrothersXLVII. Of the Number of Years from the Beginning of the World and from Adam to Joseph's DeathThe Story of Joseph, Son of the Great Patriarch Jacob (before 1486)I. PrologueII. Of the Hatred Which, out of Envy, Joseph's Brothers Felt toward HimIII. Joseph Recites What He Had DreamedIV. Joseph Goes to the Wilderness to Approach His Brothers; and on the Attributes of EnvyV. Joseph's Brothers Plot His Death; Reuben Admonishes Them Not to Commit So Ugly a CrimeVI. Joseph's Brothers Throw Him into the Cistern, Where He Humbly Supplicates Our Lord God in Devout PrayerVII. The Sale of Joseph to the Egyptian MerchantsVIII. The Brothers Send Joseph's Bloodstained Robe to Jacob, His FatherIX. Joseph Reaches the Tomb of His Mother RachelX. Joseph's Lament on His Mother's GraveXI. Joseph's Mistress Falls in Love with HimXII. Joseph's Mistress Reveals Her Unchaste Love to HimXIII. Joseph Replies to His Mistress' Unchaste WordsXIV. His Mistress Tries to Take Joseph by Force; as He Flees, She Takes His CloakXV. Joseph's Mistress Accuses Him of Unchaste BoldnessXVI. Joseph's Master Orders Him Taken to JailXVII. King Pharaoh's Cupbearer and Baker Recite to Joseph What They Had DreamtXVIII. Joseph Interprets the Cupbearer's and Baker's DreamsXIX. The Cupbearer Tells the King of Joseph's Great KnowledgeXX. After Delivering Joseph from Jail, the King Tells Him His DreamsXXI. Joseph Interprets the Dreams of the King, Who Names Him Viceroy of EgyptXXII. Because of the General Famine, People Come to Joseph from All the Provinces to Buy WheatXXIII. Joseph's Brothers Come to Egypt to Buy WheatXXIV. The Brothers Reply to Joseph, Who Has Them Put in JailXXV. Simeon Stays in Jail for All the Brothers; the Others Return HomeXXVI. They Find the Money They Had Paid in Their Bags; and They Tell Jacob What Had Happened to Them in EgyptXXVII. Jacob Admonishes His Sons to Go Back for Wheat; They Reply That They Cannot Return Unless They Take BenjaminXXVIII. Jacob Consents for Benjamin to Go Down to Egypt with His BrothersXXIX. The Brothers Return to Egypt with BenjaminXXX. The Brothers Appear before JosephXXXI. Joseph Entertains His Eleven Brothers at a Solemn BanquetXXXII. The Viceroy's Majordomo Arrests the Brothers, Accusing Them of TheftXXXIII. The Brothers Go before the Viceroy, Begging for MercyXXXIV. Judah Begs the Viceroy to Take Him as Slave instead of BenjaminXXXV. The Viceroy Reveals to His Brothers Who He IsXXXVI. The Brothers Report Joseph's Survival and Triumph to Their FatherXXXVII. The Prayer That Jacob Addressed to Our Lord When He Heard That Joseph Was Living in Great ProsperityXXXVIII. Jacob Arrives in EgyptSpeculum HistorialeCXVIII. From the Story of Asseneth. Of Asseneth's arroganceCXIX. Of how Joseph dissuaded her from worshiping idolsCXX. Of Asseneth's penance and angelic consolationCXXI. Of the table and the honey-comb which she set before the AngelXCCII. Of the blessing of the seven virgins and Asseneth's marriage
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