Varda Books

 View book pages:
 Buy this book:

Christianity and Judaism: Two Covenants

by Yehezkel Kaufmann

Bibliographic information

TitleChristianity and Judaism: Two Covenants
AuthorYehezkel Kaufmann
PublisherVarda Books
Publication Date2009
SubjectThe analysis of the cause of conflictual relationship between Christianity and Judaism


This book comprises three successive chapters from Yehezkel Kaufman's Golah ve-Nekhar which, though intrinsically related to the central topic of that work, constitute a distinct unit of its own.

These three chapters represent a broad attempt by the author to answer the question as to why, having spread to almost all peoples around the world, Christianity was not was able to anchor itself among the Jews? Why all those Jews that have become Christians, have also eventually disappeared from the rolls of the Jewish people?

About the Author 

Yehezkel Kaufmann ---

The writings of Yehezkel Kaufmann (1889-1963), late Professor of Bible at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, fall into three main categories: Bible studies, of which the four-volume History of the Religion of Israel is the magnum opus; socio-historical analysis of Jewry's fate and existence as a diaspora-nation community, with the two-volume Gold ve-Nekhar (Exile and Estrangement) being its most outstanding scholarly undertaking in this regard; finally topical articles dealing with immediate socio-political problems of Zionism and the emerging State of Israel.


New Page 1


Translator's Preface VII
Acknowledgements XI

Chapter 1 The Religion of Israel Among the Gentiles 1

  • Defeat of Paganism
  • Christianity and Paganism: Modern Scholarship 2
  • Hellenism and Paganism 7
  • Jewish Monotheism Radically Uprooted Paganism 10
  • Rivalry of Covenants
  • Real Basis of Jewish, Christian Moslem Polemics 17
  • The View of Jewish Philosophers 26
  • Jewish Rejection of Jesus and Muhammad 35

Chapter 2 Origins of the Christian Church 46

  • Jesus the Jew
  • Jesus and Jewish Law 49
  • Jesus and the Pharisees 60
  • The Apocalyptic Messiah
  • Jesus Jewish Messiah 71
  • John the Baptist 80
  • Son of Man, Son of God 84
  • Kingdom of Heaven 89
  • Faith in Jesus 98
  • The Messianic King
  • Jesus and Jewish Nationalism 105
  • Political Implications of Jesus' Thought 108
  • Trial of Jesus 119
  • The Christian Gospel
  • Nationalist Elements of Early Christianity 128
  • Popular Religion and Jewish Law 134
  • Universalist Elements of Christianity and Judaism 147
  • The Gentiles 153
  • Beginnings of Gentile Christianity 155
  • Judaizers 161
  • Christianity Nation versus Church 166

Chapter 3 Israel's Religious-Racial Identity 181

  • Ethnic Disintegration 181
  • Religion's Historical Effect on Judaism 186
  • Judaism and Greek Culture 196
  • Christianity and Islam Persecution of the Jews 203

Names and Subject


So far as mass conversion to Christianity is concerned, it was much the same; Jewish intellectuals were not drawn to it. Certainly many Egyptian Jews, even as Jews elsewhere, accepted the gospel preached by Jesus' apostles. But Greek rationalism was totally absent in early Christianity; Christianity was, as emphasized above, the defeat of the Greek enlightenment. To the Greeks, Christianity was "foolishness"; to the Jews, "a stumbling block"; and to the Jewish intellectuals, both foolishness and stumbling block. Jews of Egypt, like other Jews, might, insofar as they were prepared to believe in its signs and wonders, accept Christianity as a development of their Judaism. But Hellenistic life styles could not make them, particularly those influenced by Greek philosophy, more receptive to Christianity than their more tradition-oriented brethren.

 Already viewed books:
Christianity and Judaism: Two CovenantsChristianity and Judaism: Two Covenants