Between East and West: A History...

This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of “the forgotten million” that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.

Between East and West

Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa


About Book Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa

FRONT MATTERTitle PageCopyrightPrefaceCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONPART 1 From Antiquity to the Byzantine Period1 The Carthaginian Era: 813–416 B.C.E.The Origins of the Jewish and Berber PopulationsThe Rule of CarthageThe Jewish Communities2 Pax Romana: 146 B.C.E.~430 C.E.The UprisingsSites of the Jewish ColoniesJewish LifeThe Spread of Judaism among the BerbersThe Beginning of Suppression3 Vandals and Byzantines: 430~642 C.E.The Effects of the Vandal ConquestRenewed Repression under ByzantiumPART 2 The Rule of Islam4 The Moslem Conquest of the Maghreb: 642–ca. 9OOBerber and Jewish Resistance to the ArabsKahcnaThe Early Years of Moslem RuleThe Dark Ages5 The Status of the Jews under IslamThe Attitude of Islam toward the JewsThe Dhimmi and the Charter of OmarThe Dhimmi in the MaghrebOutbreaks against the Jews6 Judaism in the Maghreb: The Oriental ComponentsThe Nature of Maghrebian JudaismThe SynagogueThe Bible and the TalmudThe Rabbi and the Rabbinical CourtLanguageDressPopular Customs, Superstitions and Occult PracticesThe Veneration of SaintsCenters of Jewish Learning before 1391K A I R O U A NF E ZT L E M C E N7 Judaism in the Maghreb: The Spanish ComponentThe Expulsion from SpainThe Spanish Jews in North AfricaFriction Between Toshavim and MegurashimCommunity OrganizationCenters of Jewish Learning after 1391A L G I E R ST L E M C E NThe Contribution of the Spanish Jews to Intellectual Life in the MaghrebMysticism8 The Condition of the Jews in the Nineteenth CenturyEyewitness AccountsA L G E R I AM O R O C C OThe Mellah and the HaraM O R O C C OT U N I S I AA L G E R I AHealth, Sanitation and Popular Medical PracticeEconomic LifeEducationThe Jews as an ElitePART 3 The French Period9 The Emancipation of Algerian Jewry: 183O-1962The French Occupation of AlgeriaThe Beginning of Legal EmancipationThe Crémieux Decree and the Granting of French CitizenshipAnti-SemitismThe Jews in Algerian Political Life10 The Status of the Jews in Tunisia (1881-1956) and French Morocco (1912-1956)T U N I S I AAhmed Bey and Mohammed BeyThe Trial of Batto Sfez and its ConsequencesThe Fundamental PactRepercussions of the PactThe Situation under the ProtectorateNationality and JurisdictionThe Tunisian Community during the Post-War PeriodThe Jews in Tunisian AffairsF R E N C H M O R O C C OThe Consequences of the ProtectorateThe Legal Position of the JewsThe Nature of Moroccan NationalityThe Moroccan Jewish Community StructureThe Beginning of Emigration to Israel11 Population Trends Among the Jewish CommunitiesDefinition of the North African JewThe North African Communities and World JewryA L G E R I APopulation IncreaseGeographical DistributionT U N I S I APopulation GrowthBirth and Mortality RatesGeographical DistributionM O R O C C OEstimates of the Jewish PopulationPopulation DistributionCasablanca RegionMarrakesh RegionFez RegionMeknès RegionRabat RegionOujda RegionAgadir RegionSpanish Morocco and the International Zone of TangiersAge StructureFrench Influences on the North African Communities12 Facing WestEducationA L G E R I AT U N I S I AM O R O C C OJewish Intellectuals in the MaghrebEconomic LifeA L G E R I AT U N I S I AM O R O C C OThe Jews in the North African Economy13 Social ConditionsHousingA L G E R I AT U N I S I A A N D M O R O C C OHealthA L G E R I AT U N I S I A A N D M O R O C C OSocial IllsB E G G A R YP R O S T I T U T I O NC R I M E A N D D E L I N Q U E N C YThe Emergence of a New Man14 Judaism in Modern TimesThe Crisis of JudaismA L G E R I AT U N I S I A A N D M O R O C C OStatistical AppendicesBibliographyIndex:Rabbinical Justice and its EvolutionWomen, Marriage, Polygamy and DivorceJewish LearningZionism in North AfricaChristian, Moslem and JewPART 4 Dissolution15 Independence and ExodusThe Rise of NationalismIndependenceT U N I S I AM O R O C C OA L G E R I AExodus16 IsraelImmigrationCharacteristics of the North African ImmigrationEncounterSettlement and AbsorptionH E A L T HP I O N E E R S E T T L E M E N TE C O N O M I C I N T E G R A T I O NS O C I A L W E L F A R EH O U S I N GC R I M E A N D D E L I N Q U E N C YE D U C A T I O NCitizens of IsraelNOTESAbbreviationsNotesStatistical AppendicesBibliographyIndex
between east west history jews north africa page https publishersrow histor ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this book valuable contribution understanding “the forgotten million” that once comprised great communities covers period more than thousand years those
eBookshuk Books

History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
asdf

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

THE BOOK OF JUDGES


Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.
This is the first volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

Conversos on Trial. Hispania Judaica, v. 3
This story is eloquently related on the basis of Inquisition files which depict the Conversos' deep yearning to their Jewish past and the ultimate sacrifice they were prepared to offer for their continued adherence to their ancestral faith.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
A commentary on one of the most interesting for the modern reader books of the Bible.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 2
qwer

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.

Conversos and the Inquisition in Jaén. Hispania Judaica, v. 7
Description of the fate of the Conversos in the Kingdom of Jaén at the hands of the Inquisition Tribunal which operated there for 43 years, from 1483 until 1526.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
wert

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

Studies in Jewish Education XI: Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education
Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education is dedicated to Prof. Michael Rosenak, the founder of the discipline of the Philosophy of Jewish Education.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

eLuach
asdfasdf

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4
Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 1
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 10
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible
Multi-platform, electronic edition of masoretic text of the Holy Scriptures placed next to classic Jewish translation.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Book of Samuel
Electronic edition of one of the most influential books ever written about the Bible; S.R. Driver's meticulously detailed reconstruction and analysis of Samuel has remained vital for over a century.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

Luah Hashannah 5778
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Thesaurus of the Medieaval Hebrew Poetry, in 4 volumes
Lists 35,000 poems and prayers culled from printed and manuscript sources (many from Cairo Genizah) and their variations, i.e. almost every Hebrew poem and its variations composed after canonization of the Hebrew Bible until 18th c.e.... with listings of sacred poetry reaching into the 20th century.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 1
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 10
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.