Between East and West: A History...

This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of “the forgotten million” that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.

Preface This book is the result of a series of studies on various aspects of North African Judaism which I have made over a period of years. My sincere thanks are due to Dr. Solomon Grayzel for the valuable advice he extended to me during the preparation of the English edition. I would also like to express my appreciation for the fine work done by Mrs. Yael Guiladi in the revision of the manuscript and its arrangement in the present form. A. N. C. Jerusalem, Spring, 1968

Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa


About Book Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa

FRONT MATTERTitle PageCopyrightPrefaceCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONPART 1 From Antiquity to the Byzantine Period1 The Carthaginian Era: 813–416 B.C.E.The Origins of the Jewish and Berber PopulationsThe Rule of CarthageThe Jewish Communities2 Pax Romana: 146 B.C.E.~430 C.E.The UprisingsSites of the Jewish ColoniesJewish LifeThe Spread of Judaism among the BerbersThe Beginning of Suppression3 Vandals and Byzantines: 430~642 C.E.The Effects of the Vandal ConquestRenewed Repression under ByzantiumPART 2 The Rule of Islam4 The Moslem Conquest of the Maghreb: 642–ca. 9OOBerber and Jewish Resistance to the ArabsKahcnaThe Early Years of Moslem RuleThe Dark Ages5 The Status of the Jews under IslamThe Attitude of Islam toward the JewsThe Dhimmi and the Charter of OmarThe Dhimmi in the MaghrebOutbreaks against the Jews6 Judaism in the Maghreb: The Oriental ComponentsThe Nature of Maghrebian JudaismThe SynagogueThe Bible and the TalmudThe Rabbi and the Rabbinical CourtLanguageDressPopular Customs, Superstitions and Occult PracticesThe Veneration of SaintsCenters of Jewish Learning before 1391K A I R O U A NF E ZT L E M C E N7 Judaism in the Maghreb: The Spanish ComponentThe Expulsion from SpainThe Spanish Jews in North AfricaFriction Between Toshavim and MegurashimCommunity OrganizationCenters of Jewish Learning after 1391A L G I E R ST L E M C E NThe Contribution of the Spanish Jews to Intellectual Life in the MaghrebMysticism8 The Condition of the Jews in the Nineteenth CenturyEyewitness AccountsA L G E R I AM O R O C C OThe Mellah and the HaraM O R O C C OT U N I S I AA L G E R I AHealth, Sanitation and Popular Medical PracticeEconomic LifeEducationThe Jews as an ElitePART 3 The French Period9 The Emancipation of Algerian Jewry: 183O-1962The French Occupation of AlgeriaThe Beginning of Legal EmancipationThe Crémieux Decree and the Granting of French CitizenshipAnti-SemitismThe Jews in Algerian Political Life10 The Status of the Jews in Tunisia (1881-1956) and French Morocco (1912-1956)T U N I S I AAhmed Bey and Mohammed BeyThe Trial of Batto Sfez and its ConsequencesThe Fundamental PactRepercussions of the PactThe Situation under the ProtectorateNationality and JurisdictionThe Tunisian Community during the Post-War PeriodThe Jews in Tunisian AffairsF R E N C H M O R O C C OThe Consequences of the ProtectorateThe Legal Position of the JewsThe Nature of Moroccan NationalityThe Moroccan Jewish Community StructureThe Beginning of Emigration to Israel11 Population Trends Among the Jewish CommunitiesDefinition of the North African JewThe North African Communities and World JewryA L G E R I APopulation IncreaseGeographical DistributionT U N I S I APopulation GrowthBirth and Mortality RatesGeographical DistributionM O R O C C OEstimates of the Jewish PopulationPopulation DistributionCasablanca RegionMarrakesh RegionFez RegionMeknès RegionRabat RegionOujda RegionAgadir RegionSpanish Morocco and the International Zone of TangiersAge StructureFrench Influences on the North African Communities12 Facing WestEducationA L G E R I AT U N I S I AM O R O C C OJewish Intellectuals in the MaghrebEconomic LifeA L G E R I AT U N I S I AM O R O C C OThe Jews in the North African Economy13 Social ConditionsHousingA L G E R I AT U N I S I A A N D M O R O C C OHealthA L G E R I AT U N I S I A A N D M O R O C C OSocial IllsB E G G A R YP R O S T I T U T I O NC R I M E A N D D E L I N Q U E N C YThe Emergence of a New Man14 Judaism in Modern TimesThe Crisis of JudaismA L G E R I AT U N I S I A A N D M O R O C C OStatistical AppendicesBibliographyIndex:Rabbinical Justice and its EvolutionWomen, Marriage, Polygamy and DivorceJewish LearningZionism in North AfricaChristian, Moslem and JewPART 4 Dissolution15 Independence and ExodusThe Rise of NationalismIndependenceT U N I S I AM O R O C C OA L G E R I AExodus16 IsraelImmigrationCharacteristics of the North African ImmigrationEncounterSettlement and AbsorptionH E A L T HP I O N E E R S E T T L E M E N TE C O N O M I C I N T E G R A T I O NS O C I A L W E L F A R EH O U S I N GC R I M E A N D D E L I N Q U E N C YE D U C A T I O NCitizens of IsraelNOTESAbbreviationsNotesStatistical AppendicesBibliographyIndex
between east west history jews north africa page https publishersrow histor ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this book valuable contribution understanding “the forgotten million” that once comprised great communities covers period more than thousand years those
eBookshuk Books

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life
Judaism as a Civilization remains one of the most original and thought-provoking contributions toward creating a comprehensive program for creative Jewish life. In this seminal work, Kaplan offers his now famous concept of Judaism as an evolving religious civilization.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

The Other War: Israelis, Palestinians and the Struggle for Media Supremacy
Stephanie Gutmann, who covered the second intifada, documents in her book, 'The Other War,' how Israel, in spite of — or maybe because of — its strength as a democracy nearly always loses the battle for soft and sympathetic minds. — The Washington Times

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Daniel
The very detailed handling of the original languages of Daniel (Hebrew and Aramaic) and frequent references to scholarly works in Latin, French, and German make this the commentary for scholars.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

THE CONCILIATOR


Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Studies in Bible I (Scripta Hierosolymitana VIII)
Publication of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 8
qwer

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 12
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

History of the Jews, Vol. 3: From the Revolt against the Zendik (511 C.E.) to the Capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans (1291 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The third volume covers the period from the revolt against the Zendik to the capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans.

TestBook3
Short Description

THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice
This is the most detailed and comprehensive guide to Jewish practice for home and synagogue, written in the spirit of Modern Orthodox and Conservative movements.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.4
asdf

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

History of the Jews, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Period to the Death of Simon the Maccabee (135 B.C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The first volume covers the period from the entry of Israelite tribes into the land of Canaan to the settlement of the Judeans in Egypt.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Dawn Over Baghdad
Gripping, up-to-the-minute report on America's most urgent national struggle today, as seen through the eyes of the U.S. servicemen and Iraqis who are trying to make a new country out of the most dangerous place in the world; distinct contrast to the gloomy picture of America's presence in this war zone so often painted by the mainstream media.

Studies in Jewish Education XIII: Modes of Educational Translation
This volume is concerned with the possibility of “translating” insights derived from areas of knowledge sometimes thought to be outside the purview of education – to issues and problems on the agenda of educational thinkers, researchers and practitioners.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

Spanish-Portuguese Synagogue Music