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INTRODUCTION § 1. Structure of Kings. THE fact that Kings, like the other historical books of the Old Testament, is based upon pre- existing written sources is universally recognized; and the evidence upon which this elementary proposition is based need not here be set forth 1.  That the main editor or compiler of these sources was a Deuteronomist, i. e. that his work was inspired by the religious revival which took place in the eighteenth year of Josiah ( B. C. 6 2 1 ) under the influence of the newly discovered book of Deuteronomy, appears both from his religious standpoint and from his phraseology. This editor is therefore hereinafter cited under the symbol RD ( Deuteronomic Redactor). To RD is due the stereotyped form into which the introduc-tion and conclusion of a reign is thrown, and which con-stitutes, as it were, the framework upon which the narrative as a whole is built. The regularity of the method of RD in the construction of this framework is worthy of special notice. The form in which the account of a reign is introduced is as follows. For kings of fudah:— 1. A synchronism of the year of accession with the corresponding reigning year of the contemporary king of Israel, probably calculated by RD himself. This, commencing with Abijah, naturally ceases with Hezekiah, upon the fall of the kingdom of Israel. 2. Age of the king at accession. 3. Length of his reign. 4. Name of the queen- mother. This, together with 2, 3, is drawn from the Annals ( LTDM Ή Π which are so constantly cited by RD. 5. A brief verdict upon the kings character, framed in accordance with the Deuteronomic standard. For kings of Israel:— 1. A synchronism of the year of accession 1 Cf. the writers article in Hastings, BD. pp. 857 f.   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t

BOOKS OF KINGS


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Front Matter Title pageCopyright Page Table Of ContentsPREFACEINTRODUCTION§ 1. Structure of Kings.§ 2 . Characteristics of the Chief Ancient Versions of Kings.§ 3. The Synchronisms of the Compiler.LIST OF PRINCIPAL ABBR EVIATIONS EMPLOYED .ContentsNOTES ON I KINGSClose of the history of David. Establishment of Solomon as his successor.History of the reign of Solomon.The vision at Gibeon. Solomons request for wisdomSolomons officers of state. His prosperity and wisdomSolomon's building operations; chiefly, the construction of the Temple and its furnitureSolomon's Second VisionFurther details of Solomon's magnificence and wisdom.Solomon's foreign wives, and his idolatry.Solomon's adversaries; Hadad the Edomite and Rezon the Syrian.History of Jeroboam. Rehoboam's accession and the defection of the ten tribes.Jeroboam's institution of the calf-worship. The prophecy against the altar at Bethel. A brief resumption by RD of the main thread of the history from the end of chapter 12.The sickness and death of Jeroboam's son Abijah.Summary of Jeroboam's reign.Rehoboam, king of Judah.Abijah, king of Judah.Asa, king of JudahBa'asha, king of Israel.Elah, king of Israel.Zimri, king of Israel.Omri, king of Israel. Summary of Ahab's reignJehoshaphat, king of J dah.NOTES ON 2 KINGS Ahaziah, king of Israel.Elisha 'heals' the unwholesome water of Jericho (19 -22), and vindicates his prophetic authority against the insults of children at Bethel (23-25). Elisha makes miraculous provision for the wife of one of the sons of the prophets. Elisha restores to life the son of the Shunammite woman.Elisha causes iron to float.Elisha blinds and captures an Aramaean army.Elisha again assists the Shunammite woman.Elisha's interview with Hazael at Damascus.Ahaziah, king of Judah.Jehu, an officer of the host of Israel, is anointed king at the command of Elisha. He destroys the whole house of Ahab, and extirpates Ba'al-worship from Israel.Summary of Jehus reign: his character and his foreign relations.Introduction by RD to the reign of Jehoash.Measures taken by Jehoash for the repair of the Houseof Yahwe. Closing events of the reign of Jehoash, summarized by RD.Jehoahaz, king of Israel.Jehoash, king of Israel.Amaziah, king of Judah.Jeroboam II, king of Israel.Azariah, king of Judah.Zechariah, king of Israel.Shallum, king of Israel.Menahem, king of Israel.Pekahiah, king of Israel. Pekah, king of Israel. Jotham, king of Judah.Ahaz, king of Judah.Hoshea, king of Israel. Fall of the kingdom. Commentary by RD upon the causes which brought about the downfall of the Northern Kingdom.The foreign settlers in the district of Samaria.Hezekiah, king of Judah. Manasseh, king of Judah. Amon, king of Judah.Josiah, king of Judah. The finding of the Book of the Law, and the religious reformation to which it gave rise. Jehoahaz, king of Judah. Jehoiakim, king of Judah. Jehoiachin, king of Judah. Zedekiah, king of Judah.Destruction of the Temple and City of Jerusalem. Gedaliah, governor of Judah.Kindness shown to the captive Jehoiachin by Evil-Merodach, king of Babylon. Back MatterAPPENDIX1 Inscription of Mesha, king of Moab.2 The Siloam Inscription. 3 Inscription of the Monolith of Shalmaneser II, 11. 78-102. 4 Fragment of the Annals of Shalmaneser II. 5 Narrative of Sennacherib's Third Campaign (B.C. 701), from the Taylor Cylinder, Col. II. 1. 34-Col. III. 1. 41. ADDITIONSINDEXBack Cover
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