Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls...

Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

2 E. Y. KUTSCHER The Nabataean inscriptions, dating mainly from the 1st cen­tury B. C. E. to the beginning of the 2nd century C. E., do not belong to Palestine proper, Besides, it still has to be established how far this language represents R. and how far it reflects the influence of the ( later) Western Aramaic on R. ( d. below § 14, 5). Then again, the Arabic element is to be reckoned with, since the Nabataeans were, at least originally, an Arabic- speaking people. 3 The same reservations apply even more to Palmyrene ( 1st cen­tury B. C. E. - 3rd century C. E.) where there are unmistakable traces of Eastern Aramaic. A further very important point to be discussed in connection with Nabataean and Palmyrene will be taken up later ( § 14). B. A. has been one of the most debated Biblical problems for more than sixty years. There are two questions to be answered: 1) Time of origin; 2) Place of origin. 1) As to the time of origin, the estimates based on linguistic evidence vary widely. 4 But what concerns us here is the second question: 2) Where did it originate? Was it written in the East, the territory of the ( later) Eastern Aramaic, viz. Syriac, Baby­lonian Talmudic and Mandaic, or in the West? Or, being part of  Reichsaramaisch that was ( or at least was intended to be) uniform throughout the entire Persian empire, it therefore does not reflect any dialectal traits, as maintained by Baumgartner? 5 It is my belief that B. A. shows indications of eastern origin. 6 Be that as it may, Biblical Aramaic cannot be used as a source for the Aramaic of Palestine until this question has been solved. As for the Targums of the Onkelos type (= T. O.), here once again we are up against the double question: 1) Time of origin; 2) Place of origin. It is true that Targums are of very early origin. 7 But we are by no means able. so far, to fix the date of our T. O. as known to us, and to state how much earlier it is than the Talmudic period ( 200- 500 C. E.). 8 3. Cf. Rosenthal, op. cit. ( supra. n. 1). p. 89 ff. 4. Cf. the excellent account given on the controversy by Rosenthal, ib .. p. 60 ff. 5. ZA W .. 1927. p. 81 ff .• especially p. 133. 6. Cf. my article mentioned in note 2. 7. Cf. A. Berliner: Targum Onkelos. Zweiter Teil. Berlin. 1884, pp. 81 ff. ; P. E. Kahle: The Cairo Geniza. London. 1947. pp. 120- 121. 8. I am therefore unable to agree with the opinion of Rosenthal op. cit. Chapter Home | TOC | Index

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)


About Book Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)

Front Matter Dedication Page Table of Contents Editors' PrefaceTitle Page Copyright Page Contents The Language of the Genesis Apocryphon *): A preliminary studyTHE SET Of THE LANGUAGE§ 1. The linguistic background§ 2. The language of the Scroll and Middle Aramaic (= M.A.)§ 3 The language of the scroll and Biblical Aramaic (R)§ 5. Influence of Biblical Aramaic on the language of the Scroll§ 6. Non-Biblical 'Reichsaramiiisch' elements in the Scroll§ 7. The Middle Aramaic in the Scroll = Western Aramaic§8 The Middle Aramaic of the Scroll is close to Targum Onkelosand Christian Aramaic§ 9. The language of the Scroll and the Christian Aramaicof Palestine§ 10. The language of the Scroll and Samaritan Aramaic§ 11. Eastern Elements in the Language of the Scroll§ 12. Hebrew elements in the language of the Scroll§ 13. Place of origin of the Scroll§ 14. Time of origin of the ScrollADDITIONAL REMARKS§ 1 Proper names§2 Spelling§ 3. Comments on the text§ 4. Notes on the syntaxAddendaA SELECT INDEX OF FORMS DISCUSSEDTHE DEAD SEA SCROLLSAND THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWSTHE PROBLEMTHE MAIN THEMES OF THE EPISTLEJesus and the prophetsJesus and the AngelsJesus and MosesJesus the Priestly Messiah - a priest of an order superior to thatof Aaron.THE MESSIANIC BELIEFS OF THE ADDRESSEES AND THOSE OF THE DSS SECTThe eschatological role of the angels.The Priestly Messiah The eschatological Prophet and MosesThe Pentateuchal subject-matter in the EpistleTHE PALAEOGRAPHY OF THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS AND RELATED DOCUMENTSINTRODUCTORY REMARKSPERSIAN AND PTOLEMAIC PERIODSElephantine Papyri: Col. IEdfu Documents: Cols. II-IIISamuel (4Q Sam); Col. IV.HASMONAEAN PERIODThe Nash Papyrus: Col. VQoheleth (4Q Eccles): Col. VIIsaiah A (lQ Isaa): Col. VIIThe Manual of Discipline: Col. VIIITHE HERODIAN GROUP OF SCROLLSIsaiah B: Col. IXWar Scroll: Col. XGenesis Apocryphon: Col. XIHabakkuk Commentary: Col. XIIThanksgiving Hymns: Cols. XIII, XIVFUNERARY INSCRIPTIONS OF THE HERODIAN PERIODTHE BAR-KoKHBA PERIOD: Cols. XXVIII-XXXIIITHIRD TO FOURTH CENTURIES C.E.Cols. XXXIV-XXXVIAN ANALYSIS OF THE TREATISE ON THE TWO SPIRITS IN DSDTABLELINGUISTIC STRUCTURE AND TRADITION IN THE QUMRAN DOCUMENTSAN INDEX OF SELECTED FORMSTHE QUMRAN WAR SCROLL AND THE DATE OF ITS COMPOSITIONTHE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF QUMRAN HEBREWTHE CALENDAR RECKONING OF THE SECT FROM THE JUDAEAN DESERTVIIIADDITIONAL NOTETRADITIONS IN THE HEBREW LANGUAGE, WITH SPECIALREFERENCE TO THE DEAD SEA SCROLLSTHE DEAD SEA SECT AND PRE-PAULINE CHRISTIANITYII. DUALISM OF GOOD AND EVILIII. PREDESTINATIONIV. ELECTION OF GRACE V. CIVITAS DEIVI. THE NEW COVENANTVII. BAPTISMVIII. SPIRITIX. FLESH AND SPIRITX. CONCLUSIONBack Matter INDEX OF QUOTATIONSI. OLD TEST AMENTII. APOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHAIII. NEW TESTAMENTIV. MISHNAHV. TOSEFTAVI. PALESTINIAN TALMUDVII. BABYLONIAN TALMUDVIII. OTHER RABBINIC WORKSIX. SELECTED OTHER SOURCESX. DEAD SEA SCROLLSA) DISCIPLINE SCROLLDISCIPLINE SCROLLB) THANKSGIVING SCROLL C) WARS OF THE CHILDREN OF LIGHTD) HABAKKUK COMMENTARYE) GENESIS APOCRYPHONF) ZADOKITE DOCUMENTSG) ISAIAH SCROLL AH) ISAIAH SCROLL BQUMRAN CAVE I I) BIBLICAL FRAGMENTS J) OTHER FRAGMENTSQUl~1.RAN CAVE IViii, 20-21:51iv, 26:223v, 28:126IQ 34 bis( Recueil de PrieresLiturgiques )Frag. 2 + 11-5:188Frag. 3i, 4:188ii, 3: 180, 254IQ 36( Recueil d'hymnes )14:97K) BIBLICAL FRAGMENTSQUMRAN CAVE VI K) BIBLICAL FRAGMENTS L) OTHER FRAGMENTSM) OTHER DS DOCUMENTSTitle Page
aspects dead scrolls scripta hierosolymitana page https publishersrow scroll ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks contributions from various perspectives this unique find departments bible archaeology philology linguistics comparative religion kutscher yigael yudin avigad jacob light segal chaim rabin shemaryahu talmon hayyim david flusser
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