Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)...

Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

PREFACE To mark the occasion of the sixty- fifth birthday of Hayim Tadmor ( in November 1988), collegues and friends from East and West have joined together in the present collection of essays which reflect the multi- faceted nature of his scholarly work. A major focus of this work has been the investigation of the ideological patterns in the Assyrian historical inscriptions. In concluding a recent study, Tadmor noted that .. . the formulae we have discussed are thus our best, and sometimes our only available source for tracing the changing self- image of the Assyrian monarch, which in itself is indicative of the changes in the royal court and among the scribes. In that sense, the new reality they created is of no less significance than the often concealed historical reality which they purport to relate ( ARINH, 33). He gave expression here, perhaps instinctively, to one of the central pillars and raison detre of his distinguished scholarly career. Tadmor is first and foremost a historian. During his early studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, he already concentrated in Bible and History ( 1943- 1949). At the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London ( 1951- 1952), he began a career- long specialization in Assyriology. After receiving his PhD in Jerusalem ( 1955), he pursued postgraduate work at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago ( 1955- 1957) under the tutelage of Benno Landsberger. Tadmor then returned to Jerusalem, to lecture in Near Eastern studies and to found the Department of Assyriology at the Hebrew University, with which he has been associated until the present. He has been a frequent lecturer at universities in the United States, Canada and in Europe. In recognition of his scholarly achievements, he was elected to the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities in 1985 and the American Oriental Society in 1986. Tadmor ranks as one of the leading authorities on the history of Mesopotamia during the first millennium B. C. E. In particular, he has developed models for the study of the major corpus of that history, the Assyrian royal inscriptions, with a view towards defining their ideological trends and the techniques of literary transmission; his models have become the accepted norm for the analysis of these documents. Tadmors work on ancient historiography integrates both Mesopotamian as well as biblical sources. Early on, Tadmor recognized the significance of chronology for understanding the affairs of state and so, he has periodically Chapter Home  | TOC

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)


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Front Matter Half Title Page Title pageTable of content PREFACEABBREVIATIONSContent PART ONE: NEO-ASSYRIAN HISTORYTHE CITIES OF THE MEDESPHOENICIAN OVERLAND TRADE WITHIN THE MESOPOTAMIAN EMPIRESPhoenicia and AssyriaPhoenicia and Babylonia THE SAMARIAN(S) IN THE ASSYRIAN SOURCESOnomastic examination The content of the source and the context of the reference to the Samarian(s) :THE ACHIEVEMENT OF TIGLATH-PILESER III: NOVELTY OR CONTINUITY?ESARHADDON'S LETTER TO THE GODS THE CYPRIOT VASSALS OF ESARHADDONTHE TRADE NETWORK OF TYRE ACCORDING TO EZEK. 27Ezek. 27 and the Trade of TyreThe Geographical PictureThe CommoditiesTrade TerminologyThe General Statement (Trade-partners)The Analytical Statement (Traded Goods)Conclusions and PerspectivesFORCED PARTICIPATION IN ALLIANCES IN THE COURSE OF THE ASSYRIAN CAMPAIGNS TO THE WESTIntroductionJoram of Israel and Hazael of Aram-DamascusZakkur of Hamath and Bar-Hadad of Aram-DamascusJehoash of Israel and Bar-Hadad of DamascusKushtashpi of Kummuh and Sarduri II of UrartuThe Syro-Ephraimite WarHezekiah and the Philistine KingdomsSEMIRAMIS: HER NAME AND HER ORIGINELEMENTS OF ARAMEAN PRE-HISTORYPART TWO: LITERARY AND HISTORIOGRAPHICAL STUDIESA PLAIDOYER ON BEHALF OF THE ROYAL SCRIBESNARRATIVE AND IDEOLOGICAL VARIATIONS IN THE ACCOUNT OF SARGON'S EIGHTH CAMPAIGNThe righteous king and the treacherous enemyThe difficult landscape and the heroic suzerain The bigger they are, the harder they fall THE DEATH OF KINGS: TRADITIONAL HISTORIOGRAPHY IN CONTEXTUAL PERSPECTIVETHE SUCCESSION NARRATIVE AND ESARHADDON'SAPOLOGY: A COMPARISON HISTORY AND LITERATURE IN THE PERSIAN PERIOD:THE RESTORATION OF THE TEMPLEVIIISOLOMON AND SULGI: A COMPARATIVE PORTRAITTHE QUESTION OF DISTINCTIVENESS IN ANCIENT ISRAEL:AN ESSAY: PETER MACHINISTLARGE NUMBERS IN THE ASSYRIAN ROYAL INSCRIPTIONSRound NumbersSources of InformationExact NumbersVariant FiguresFeasible FiguresInflated Numbers?Evaluating the Large NumbersConclusion THE COMMAND OF THE GOD AS A REASON FORGOING TO WAR IN THE ASSYRIAN ROYALINSCRIPTIONS: BUSTANAY ODED The Gods have the Legitimate Authority to Declare WarThe Gods are Patrons of a Treaty between Two States Holy War The Assyrian King is the Rod of Wrath in the Hand of the GodsThe King is Responsible to the Gods rather than to the PeopleThe Closeness of the Assyrian King to the GodsTo Assure the Results of Battles in AdvanceConclusionPART THREE: TEXTS AND TEXTUAL STUDIESTHE RITUAL TABLET AND RUBRICS OF MAQLU:TOWARD THE HISTORY OF THE SERIESIntroductionThe Ritual TabletRitual Tablet and Rubrics: Description of the RelationshipRUBRICSTablet IITablet III RITUAL TABLETTablet IXRubrics and Ritual Tablet: Direction and Nature of the RelationshipToward a History of MaqluASSUR-UBALLIT I AND THE SUTIANSA SMALL CHAPTER FROM THE THEME: PROLEGOMENA TO ASSYRIAN EMPIREComments on passageCommentsSARGON'S REPORT ON KISH.A PROBLEM IN AKKADIAN PHILOLOGYTranslation (Sumerian)Translation (Akkadian)Commentary (Sumerian)Commentary (Akkadian)Historical Evaluation?OLD AND MIDDLE ASSYRIAN ROYALINSCRIPTIONS—MARGINALIADedicatory or Votive?''Auto-dictation NEBUCHADNEZZAR AT THE PARTING OF THE WAYS: EZEK. 21:26-27CommentASYLUM AT ALEPPO: A NOTE ON SFIRE III, 4-7: JONAS C. GREENFIELDABSTRUSE SUMERIANAkkadianismsOrthographyDialectsGenderPhrase StructureMisinterpretations?1p. sg. -biPurposive -bi-men used as 1 p.sg. object-elementImperative PL in -es and -nene-enzen used as possessive suffixTricks and Puns(?)Syntactic DisplacementIV R 20:1 AJSL 35(1918), 139OrthographyDialectsGenderPunningSyntactic DisplacementThe various peculiarities here discussedTHE CORONATION AND CONSECRATION OF SULGIIN THE EKUR (SULGI G)IntroductionContent and Literary StructureCultic-Historical SettingOrthography, Grammar and SyntaxAkkadian GlossesTransliteration and TranslationCommentaryAN UNKNOWN KING IN AN UNKNOWN CITYASSURBANIPAL'S MESSAGE TO THE BABYLONIANS (ABL 301), WITH AN EXCURSUS ON FIGURATIVE BILTUProblem 2ProblemProblem 7ExcursusAUTOBIOGRAPHICAL REFLECTIONS OF A UNIVERSITY TEACHERBack Matter LIST OF CONTRIBUTORSBIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WORKS OF HAYIM TADMORCopyright Page Title Page
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