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CHAPTER TWO THE LIBRO

by David Joshua Malkiel
CHAPTER TWO THE LIBRO GRANDE AFFAIR I. The Story Ghettoization stimulated sixteenth- century Italian Jewry to develop larger and more complex political structures, because the Jewish community now became responsible for municipal tasks. This development raised theological objections from Catholic circles, because Christian  doctrine traditionally forbade the Jewish peopledominion. 1 It  also aroused hostility among the increasingly centralized governments of early modern Europe, who viewed Jewish self-government as an infringement of the sovereignty of the state. The Venetian republic, in the following 1631 incident, was one of the firststates to  accuse its Jewish population of creating a  state within a state. 2 In May of 1631 a struggle took place between the heads of the German Jewish community  of Venice and the leaders of a local Jewish professional association. 3  In the course of the dispute the latter were reminded of a communal statute outlawing any action injurious to the general Jewish community, apparently to deter them from inviting the states intervention. This must have happened, nevertheless, because several community leaders were interrogated by Zuane Morosini, 4 one of the state attorneys, called Avogadori del Commun. 5 Word of the 1 Baron, A Social, vol. 14, p. 119. 2 Katz,  A State. For the Venetian incident,  see Ravid,  A Republic; Cozzi,  Società, pp. 359- 368. 3 Fraterna di Botteghieri. This  organization is unknown from other sources, and the identity of the botteghieri is unclear. See Ravid,  A Republic, pp. 54, 65. 4 He is probably the Zuane Morosini that, in 1633, was punished with a fifty ducat fine and an income tax increase for violating the Venetian sumptuary code, upon the occasion of his daughters marriage. He appealed, and the Senate struck the income tax increase from his sentence. See ASV, Magistrato delle Pompe, b. 21, 18. IV. 1633, reported in Bistort. II Magistrato, p. 309, n. 2. 5 This magistracy concerned itself with the proper distribution of political power   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t t t t

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CHAPTER TWO THE LIBRO GRANDE AFFAIR I. The Story Ghettoization stimulated sixteenth- century Italian Jewry to develop larger and more complex political structures, because the Jewish community now became responsible for municipal tasks. This development raised theological objections from Catholic circles, because Christian doctrine traditionally forbade the Jewish people dominion. 1 It also aroused hostility among the increasingly centralized governments of early modern Europe, who viewed Jewish self-government as an infringement of the sovereignty of the state. The Venetian republic, in the following 1631 incident, was one of the first states to accuse its Jewish population of creating a \\" state within a state.\\" 2 In May of 1631 a struggle took place between the heads of the German Jewish community of Venice and the leaders of a local Jewish professional association. 3 In the course of the dispute the latter were reminded of a communal statute outlawing any action injurious to the general Jewish community, apparently to deter them from inviting the state's intervention. This must have happened, nevertheless, because several community leaders were interrogated by Zuane Morosini, 4 one of the state attorneys, called Avogadori del Commun. 5 Word of the 1 Baron, A Social, vol. 14, p. 119. 2 Katz, \\" A State.\\" For the Venetian incident, see Ravid, \\" A Republic;\\" Cozzi, \\" Società,\\" pp. 359- 368. 3 Fraterna di Botteghieri. This organization is unknown from other sources, and the identity of the botteghieri is unclear. See Ravid, \\" A Republic,\\" pp. 54, 65. 4 He is probably the Zuane Morosini that, in 1633, was punished with a fifty ducat fine and an income tax increase for violating the Venetian sumptuary code, upon the occasion of his daughter's marriage. He appealed, and the Senate struck the income tax increase from his sentence. See ASV, Magistrato delle Pompe, b. 21, 18. IV. 1633, reported in Bistort. II Magistrato, p. 309, n. 2. 5 This magistracy concerned itself with the proper distribution of political power << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t t t t
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