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146 Chapter Six not specific

by David Joshua Malkiel
146 Chapter Six not specific to a single ethnic community. It worried about the procurement and preparation of kosher meat and unleavened bread, about ransoming captives, and about signalling the Sabbaths advent, to cite a few tasks. The Small Assembly was also involved in charity, without monopolizing this area of activity. Finally, it established and enforced communal discipline, setting limits  and norms on individual conduct, as in the case of sumptuary law. 3 The  two litigations recorded in the Libro Grande also  reflect the Small Assemblys concern with communal discipline. 4 The Small Assembly strove to protect its authority from encroachment by the non- Jewish authorities. The Libro Grande contains several Small Assembly statutes, which ultimately led to the translation of the Libro Grande, aimed at blocking Jewish individuals or groups from approaching the state authorities on communal matters. The Jews of Venice apparently accepted the Small Assemblys role as communal spokesman, although individuals acted behind its back from time to time. On the other hand, the Small Assembly sparred with competing leaders, namely  the communitys rabbis, over the  turf of internal discipline. 5 I. Liaison An early Libro Grande statute forbids community members to appear before any state magistrate on community affairs. It establishes the Small Assemblys identity as exclusive spokesman and liaison with the Venetian government [ 45r- v]. This statute was promulgated in 1540, long before the Libro Grande period. Actually, it was older than that, since it calls itself a renewal of an earlier statute. Therefore, the Small Assembly existed and served  as communal liaison from 1540 at the latest, and possibly earlier. 6 3 Cf. the description of the Small Assembly by Giulio Morosini, the seventeenth century Venetian apostate, which more or less applies to the Libro Grande period, though Morosini wrote somewhat later. See his Via, p. 1444. 4 These two cases, involving Moisè Luzzato and Judah Saltaro da  Fano respectively, are discussed in chapter two, objection 8. 5 This last dynamic will be discussed at length in the following  chapter. For the authority delegated to the Small Assembly by the constitutions, see chapter three, II. The following survey is further augmented in chapter seven, III. 6 See the description and dating of this material in chapter one, II. The Small Assembly is mentioned by name in a document dated 1556. See Sonne, Mi- Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t t t

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146 Chapter Six not specific to a single ethnic community. It worried about the procurement and preparation of kosher meat and unleavened bread, about ransoming captives, and about signalling the Sabbath's advent, to cite a few tasks. The Small Assembly was also involved in charity, without monopolizing this area of activity. Finally, it established and enforced communal discipline, setting limits and norms on individual conduct, as in the case of sumptuary law. 3 The two litigations recorded in the Libro Grande also reflect the Small Assembly's concern with communal discipline. 4 The Small Assembly strove to protect its authority from encroachment by the non- Jewish authorities. The Libro Grande contains several Small Assembly statutes, which ultimately led to the translation of the Libro Grande, aimed at blocking Jewish individuals or groups from approaching the state authorities on communal matters. The Jews of Venice apparently accepted the Small Assembly's role as communal spokesman, although individuals acted behind its back from time to time. On the other hand, the Small Assembly sparred with competing leaders, namely the community's rabbis, over the \\" turf of internal discipline. 5 I. Liaison An early Libro Grande statute forbids community members to appear before any state magistrate on community affairs. It establishes the Small Assembly's identity as exclusive spokesman and liaison with the Venetian government [ 45r- v]. This statute was promulgated in 1540, long before the Libro Grande period. Actually, it was older than that, since it calls itself a renewal of an earlier statute. Therefore, the Small Assembly existed and served as communal liaison from 1540 at the latest, and possibly earlier. 6 3 Cf. the description of the Small Assembly by Giulio Morosini, the seventeenth century Venetian apostate, which more or less applies to the Libro Grande period, though Morosini wrote somewhat later. See his Via, p. 1444. 4 These two cases, involving Moisè Luzzato and Judah Saltaro da Fano respectively, are discussed in chapter two, objection 8. 5 This last dynamic will be discussed at length in the following chapter. For the authority delegated to the Small Assembly by the constitutions, see chapter three, II. The following survey is further augmented in chapter seven, III. 6 See the description and dating of this material in chapter one, II. The Small Assembly is mentioned by name in a document dated 1556. See Sonne, Mi- << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t t t
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