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2.6 II- Waw ( and Yod)

by Zeev Ben-Hayyim
2.6  II- Waw ( and Yod) Verbs ( , ry)  153 tense of yäsäs is not perfect. 8 0 The  forms täbäu and yäbäu ( as contrasted with tabu, yabü) are a separate matter. They are derived from * yäbüu, with dis­similation of the first as in the form wyäümdr natfn; see 1.5.3.2. The form täf*\\ yn ( SP Dt 4: 17) seems to belong to the yy class ( 2.7.7). 2.6.16 Strong Piel verbs in SH include yäwwar ( * yaawwir)  ny\\ The verb rm is among the Piel verbs  with simple second radical ( see 2.8.16). Quadriradical verb forms ( i. e., Polel and Hitpolel) parallel the forms in TH: wyekünenäk - μίση ( SP Dt 32: 6), wtitkündn ironni ( SP N u 21: 27), werümeminneu imaarwi ( SP Ex 15: 2). 2.6.17 Nifal imperfect  verbs are attested only  with geminated second radi­cal: yiggäwwär - nr8 1  ( SP Lv 11: 7), yewwätu inix ( * ye uwwätü  * yi awwatü) ( Gn 34: 22), newwät mxj ( Gn 34: 15, 23) ( MS British Library Or 7652 and MS Barberini Vat Sam 2: paiwv, wnan, i. e., Ettafal of mv — a passive form). 2.7 Geminate Verbs ( jry) 2.7.1 Verbs with geminated second radicals ( yy) are considered by Hebrew grammarians to be in a position between the strong verb and the verbs with weak radicals in that, while no radical consonant is  weakened or left unpronounced, one radical consonant may assimilate to a neighboring conso­nant ( as in the r s class) and be doubled in pronunciation — and when that occurs, the original consonant is absent from the written form. As was noted of the Vy verbs ( 2.6), here, too, one cannot determine whether the verbs with geminated second radical have their origin in biradical roots that were ex­panded by gemination of the second radical or, alternatively, these verbs be­gan with triradical roots and, in the course of time, lost the vowel between the second and third radicals, causing them to come into contact. It is, of course, possible to assume that a form such as * sababü might develop into * sabbü iap. It is unlikely, however, that * yasbubü might develop into * yasubbü too?, so in this case we are forced to seek refuge in the assumption of a form antecedent to * yasbubü, such as * yasububü ( cf. GvG I, 257), as the ancestor of täo\\ 8 0 Since this verb has no cognate outside Hebrew, there is no way to tell whether there is  any basis for the conjecture that its conjugation follows the pattern of oUw and r L in Arabic. 8 1 In a Geniza fragment, MS Oxford Heb. C 1 0 , containing Sifre Deuteronomy, we find ( cf.  ed. Finkelstein, 342)  pmru D T O narfraa piina pvton xin p x γη; other manuscripts read  puna. The verb ma with the meaning  stir up ( usually assigned to ma) is found, for example, in Ps 140: 3 rianVö m r . The form in the fragment above corresponds to the Samaritan  yiggäwwär, although Til in SH appears with another meaning, that of  drag,  pull ( vu). Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t t

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2.6 II- Waw ( and Yod) Verbs ( , ry) 153 tense of yäsäs is not perfect. 8 0 The forms täbä'u and yäbä'u ( as contrasted with ta'bu, ya'bü) are a separate matter. They are derived from * yäbü'u, with dis­similation of the first as in the form wyä'ümdr natfn; see 1.5.3.2. The form täf*\\\\ yn ( SP Dt 4: 17) seems to belong to the yy class ( 2.7.7). 2.6.16 Strong Pi'el verbs in SH include yäwwar (< * ya'awwir) \\" ny\\\\ The verb rm is among the Pi'el verbs \\" with simple second radical\\" ( see 2.8.16). Quadriradical verb forms ( i. e., Polel and Hitpolel) parallel the forms in TH: wyekünenäk - μίση ( SP Dt 32: 6), wtitkündn ironni ( SP N u 21: 27), werümeminne'u imaarwi ( SP Ex 15: 2). 2.6.17 Nif'al imperfect verbs are attested only \\" with geminated second radi­cal\\": yiggäwwär - nr8 1 ( SP Lv 11: 7), yewwätu inix' (< * ye\\" uwwätü < * yi\\" awwatü) ( Gn 34: 22), newwät mxj ( Gn 34: 15, 23) ( MS British Library Or 7652 and MS Barberini Vat Sam 2: paiwv, wnan, i. e., Ettaf'al of mv — a passive form). 2.7 Geminate Verbs ( jry) 2.7.1 Verbs with geminated second radicals ( yy) are considered by Hebrew grammarians to be in a position between the strong verb and the verbs with weak radicals in that, while no radical consonant is \\" weakened\\" or left unpronounced, one radical consonant may assimilate to a neighboring conso­nant ( as in the r s class) and be doubled in pronunciation — and when that occurs, the original consonant is absent from the written form. As was noted of the V'y verbs ( 2.6), here, too, one cannot determine whether the verbs with geminated second radical have their origin in biradical roots that were ex­panded by gemination of the second radical or, alternatively, these verbs be­gan with triradical roots and, in the course of time, lost the vowel between the second and third radicals, causing them to come into contact. It is, of course, possible to assume that a form such as * sababü might develop into * sabbü iap. It is unlikely, however, that * yasbubü might develop into * yasubbü too?, so in this case we are forced to seek refuge in the assumption of a form antecedent to * yasbubü, such as * yasububü ( cf. GvG I, 257), as the ancestor of täo\\\\ 8 0 Since this verb has no cognate outside Hebrew, there is no way to tell whether there is any basis for the conjecture that its conjugation follows the pattern of oUw and r L> in Arabic. 8 1 In a Geniza fragment, MS Oxford Heb. C 1 0 , containing Sifre Deuteronomy, we find ( cf. ed. Finkelstein, 342) \\" pmru D T O narfraa piin'a pvton xin p x γη\\"; other manuscripts read \\" puna.\\" The verb ma with the meaning \\" stir up\\" ( usually assigned to ma) is found, for example, in Ps 140: 3 rianVö m r . The form in the fragment above corresponds to the Samaritan yiggäwwär, although Til in SH appears with another meaning, that of \\" drag,\\" \\" pull\\" ( vu). << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t t
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