A Commentary on the Book of...

One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

to the Hebrew as the requirements of idiomatic English usage ( in-cluding punctuation) would permit.* But alas!— Between the idea And the reality . . . Falls the shadow. Doubtless I have lived up to the familiar adage that ‘ translators are traitors’, and I have betrayed the author here and there by failing to convey some nuance or emphasis. My only plea in self-exculpation is that the betrayal was committed unwittingly. Cassuto was not only a meticulous scholar but, as a perfectionist, he also demanded the highest standards from his printers. Never-theless it is difficult, if not impossible, to keep the printer’s gremlin completely under control. I have corrected such typographical errors and wrong references as I noticed, and I have indicated the Hebrew as well as the English number of every verse where these differ in the two versions. The nature of the work also made it necessary for me to add an occasional gloss, or to give the meaning of a Semitic root or word that had to be retained in its original lan-guage. These explanatory notes are enclosed in square brackets. In order to assist the reader who has little or no knowledge of Semitic languages, it was decided to give, in addition to the original, the transliteration of all Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic words quoted; but the Sumerian, Babylonian and Ugaritic words, being in cuneiform in the original, always appear in transcription only. Long vowels in the Hebrew are uniformly indicated by a horizontal line over the vowel; the circumflex accent (^), which is often used to mark essentially long vowels ( either naturally so or by contrac-tion), has, for the sake of simplicity, been dispensed with. In the case of Assyrian and Babylonian words, however, it was deemed advisable to retain this symbol. The key to the transliteration will be found at the end of this Foreword. It should also be noted that in the case of Ugaritic citations, and at times when the roots of other tongues are referred to, the con- * This rule has been broken in the translation of Genesis v, where the numbers follow the Hebrew order contrary to the normal English idiom. The purpose of this deviation is to indicate the ascending and descending order of the numerals; see the commentary on v 3. TRANSLATOR’S FOREWORD X   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah


About Book A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PagePART ONE. FROM ADAM TO NOAHTranslator's ForewordKey to the TransliterationContentsPrefaceSection One: The Story of Creation (i 1–ii 3)IntroductionIntroductory verse (i 1)First Paragraph: The Story of the First Day (i 2–5)Second Paragraph: The Story of the Second Day (i 6–8)Third Paragraph: The Story of the Third Day (i 9–13)Fourth Paragraph: The Story of the Fourth Day (i 14–19)Fifth Paragraph: The Story of the Fifth Day (i 20–23)Sixth Paragraph: The Story of the Sixth Day (i 24–31)Seventh Paragraph: The Seventh Day; end of the Section (ii 1–3)Section Two: The Story of the Garden of Eden (ii 4–iii 24)IntroductionIntroductory verse, Transition from Previous Section (ii 4)First Paragraph: Creation of Man (ii 5–7)Second Paragraph: The Planting of the Garden of Eden (ii 8–14)Third Paragraph: Adam's Task in the Garden of Eden (ii 15–17)Fourth Paragraph: Creation of Woman (ii 18–25)Fifth Paragraph: Adam's Sin (iii 1–7)Sixth Paragraph: The Judgment and the Sentence (iii 8–21)Seventh Paragraph: The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden (iii 22–24)Section Three: The Story of Cain and Abel (iv 1–26)IntroductionFirst Paragraph: The Birth and Occupations of Cain and Abel (iv 1–2)Second Paragraph: The Story of the Murder (iv 3–8)Third Paragraph: The Murderer's Sentence (iv 9–l6)Fourth Paragraph: The Descendants of Cain (iv 17–22)Fifth Paragraph: Lamech's Song (iv 23–24)Sixth Paragraph: The Birth of Seth and Enosh (iv 25–26)Section Four: The Book of the History of Adam (v 1–vi 8)IntroductionRubric of Section (v 1a)First Paragraph: Adam (v 1b–5)Second Paragraph: Seth (v 6–8)Third Paragraph: Enosh (v 9–11)Fourth Paragraph: Kenan (v 12–14)Fifth Paragraph: Mahalalel (v 15–17)Sixth Paragraph: Jared (v 18–20)Seventh Paragraph: Enoch (v 21–24)Eighth Paragraph: Methuselah (v 25–27)Ninth Paragraph: Lamech (v 28–31)Tenth Paragraph: Noah (v 32)Eleventh Paragraph: The Story of the Sons of God and the Daughters of Men (vi 1–4) .Twelfth Paragraph: Punishment is decreed on the Generation of the Flood, but Grace is shown to Noah (vi 5–8)IndexesI. Biblical ReferencesII. Other Literary ReferencesIII. Notabilia
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