A Commentary on the Book of...

The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

C h a p t e r Home | T O C  | I n d e x VIII TRANSLATOR’S FOREWORD In regard to the annotations, I have adopted a dual method: com-ments that are of a supplemental character simply follow the Biblical citation as a continuous part of the sentence; but expositions that are purely explanatory are placed between dashes. I have also inter-polated in this volume, as in my translation of the Genesis Commen-taries, a number of glosses in square brackets to elucidate for the English reader what the translation alone might have left obscure. On the other hand, I have in certain instances omitted an explanation that was necessary in the Hebrew but was rendered redundant in the English version, since the translation implicitly incorporated the inter-pretation. Occasionally, for the sake of smoothness, I have added ‘ in the words of Scripture’, or a similar phrase, before a quotation, although the Hebrew text was content with a colon only. To make reference easier, the verse numbers are placed opposite the initial quotation from each verse, and not, as in the original, at the head of the relevant paragraph. Hebrew words retained in the text are given in Hebrew characters and in English transcript; they are also fully vocalized except in the case of stems, which are left unvocalized wherever the vowels are omitted in BDB. Having now completed, after many years of intensive labour, my translation of Cassuto’s Biblical commentaries, I wish once again to express my abiding gratitude to Mr. Silas S. Perry for having made it possible for me to execute this work under the auspices of the Founda-dation that bears his name. Without his unfailing encouragement and support my onerous undertaking could not have been begun or com-pleted. The Book of Exodus has, I am aware, a special significance and attraction for him in as much as it enshrines the Decalogue, which, in a sense, stands at the heart of Judaism and is the ultimate founda-tion on which alone the structure of world civilization can endure. I earnestly and confidently trust that Mr. Perry’s high hopes for the wide circulation and far- ranging spiritual influence of this great com-mentary in its English garb will be fulfilled in fullest measure. My appreciative thanks go out to Professor S. E. Loewenstamm and to Professor Ch. Rabin for the scholarly advice they have given me in the course of my work; it has served to enhance the scientific value of my rendition. I am also grateful to Professor D. Ayalon and Professor J. Blau for their learned guidance on Arabic words and stems appearing in this volume, and to Dr. M. Spitzer for his counsel on various typo-graphical questions. I am particularly indebted to Dr. Milka Cassuto- Salzmann for the

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus


About Book A Commentary on the Book of Exodus

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTranslator's ForewordKey to transliterationContentsPrefacePART I: THE BONDAGE AND LIBERATION (IXVII)SECTION ONE: The bondage (i 122)First Paragraph: The children of Israel become a people (i 17)Second Paragraph: The first two stages of bondage (i 814)Third Paragraph: Pharaoh's command to the midwives (i 1521)Conclusion of the Section (i 22)SECTION TWO: The birth of the saviour and his upbringing (ii 122)First Paragraph: The birth and rescue of Moses (ii 110)Second Paragraph: Moses and his brethren (ii 1115)Third Paragraph: Moses in Midian (ii 1622)SECTION THREE: Moses' mission (ii 23iv 31)The Exordium: God's in His Heaven' (ii 2325)First Paragraph: The theophany on Mount Horeb (iii 115)Second Paragraph: The instructions (iii 1622)Third Paragraph: Moses' doubts and how they were resolved (iv 117)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' journey (iv 1823)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter at the lodging place (iv 2426)Sixth Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before the children of Israel (iv 2731)SECTION FOUR: The first attempt and its failure (v 1vi 1)First Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh (v 15)Second Paragraph: Edict upon edict (v 69)Third Paragraph: The new burden imposed on the people (v 1014)Fourth Paragraph: The complaint of the foremen (v 1519)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter with Moses and Aaron (v 2021)Sixth Paragraph: Moses' remonstrance and the Lord's reply (v 22vi 1)SECTION FIVE: Prelude to successful action (vi 2vii 7)First Paragraph: The Lord's declaration (vi 29)Second Paragraph: Moses and Aaron are commanded to go to Pharaoh (vi 1013)Third Paragraph: The genealogy of Moses and Aaron (vi 1427)Fourth Paragraph: The narrative is resumed (vi 2830)Fifth Paragraph: Detailed instructions to Moses and Aaron (vii 15)Conclusion of the Section (vii 67)SECTION SIX: The plagues (vii 8xi 10)Prologue: The presentation of credentials (vii 813)First Paragraph: Blood (vii 1425)Second Paragraph: Frogs (viii 115 [Hebrew, vii 26-viii 11])Third Paragraph: Gnats (viii 1619 [Hebrew, vv. 1215])Fourth Paragraph: Swarms of flies (viii 2032 [Hebrew, vv. 1628])Fifth Paragraph: Pest (ix 17)Sixth Paragraph: Boils (ix 812)Seventh Paragraph: Hail (ix 1335)Eighth Paragraph: Locusts (x 120)Ninth Paragraph: Darkness (x 2129)Tenth Paragraph: The warning regarding the plague of the first-born (xi 18)Epilogue (xi 910)SECTION SEVEN: The exodus from Egypt (xii 142)First Paragraph: Instructions on the observance of Passover in Egypt (xii 113)Second Paragraph: Directives for the observance of Passover in thefuture (xii 1420)Third Paragraph: The instructions are conveyed to the people andPassover is celebrated in Egypt (xii 2128)Fourth Paragraph: Plague of the first-born (xii 2932)Fifth Paragraph: Preparations for the exodus (xii 3336)Sixth Paragraph: The exodus (xii 3742)Appendixes to the Section (xii 43xiii 16)First Appendix: The ordinance of Passover (xii 4350)Second Appendix: The laws of the first-born and a memorial to the exodus (xii 51xiii 16)SECTION EIGHT: The division of the Sea of Reeds (xiii 17xv 21)First Paragraph: The journey in the wilderness (xiii 1722)Second Paragraph: The encampment by the Sea of Reeds (xiv 14)Third Paragraph: The pursuit by the Egyptians (xiv 58)Fourth Paragraph: The meeting of the two hosts (xiv 914)Fifth Paragraph: The way of salvation (xiv 1518)Sixth Paragraph: The Israelites pass through the midst of the sea (xiv 1922)Seventh Paragraph: The discomfiture of the Egyptians (xiv 2325)Eighth Paragraph: The punishment of the pursuers (xiv 2629)Ninth Paragraph: The deliverance (xiv 3031)Tenth Paragraph: The song of the sea (xv 121)SECTION NINE: The travails of the journey (xv 22xvii 16)First Paragraph: The waters of Mara (xv 2227)Second Paragraph: The manna and the quails (xvi 136)Third Paragraph: The waters of Meribah (xvii 17)Fourth Paragraph: War with the Amalekites (xvii 816)PART II: THE TORAH AND ITS PRECEPTS (XVIIIXXIV)SECTION ONE: Israel is welcomed as one of the nations of theworld (xviii 127)First Paragraph: Jethro's visit (xviii 112)Second Paragraph: The advice to appoint judges and its acceptance (xviii 1326)Conclusion of the Section (xviii 27)SECTION TWO: The revelation at Mount Sinai (xix 1xx 21)First Paragraph: The preparations (xix l15)Second Paragraph: The elements of nature in commotion (xix 1619)Third Paragraph: The final instructions (xix 2025)Fourth Paragraph: The Decalogue (xx 117)Conclusion of the Section (xx 1821)SECTION THREE: Statutes and ordinances (xx 22xxiii 33)The Exordium: Introductory observations (xx 22b26)The legal paragraphs: (xxi 1 ff.)First Paragraph: The laws of the Hebrew slave (xxi 26)Second Paragraph: The laws of the bondwoman (xxi 711)Third Paragraph: Capital offences (xxi 1217)Fourth Paragraph: Laws appertaining to bodily injuries (xxi 1827)Fifth Paragraph: The ox and the pit (xxi 2836)Sixth Paragraph: Laws of theft (xxii 14 [Hebrew, xxi 37xxii 3])Seventh Paragraph: Damage by grazing and burning (xxii 56 [Hebrew, vv. 45])Eighth Paragraph: Four classes of bailees (xxii 715 [Hebrew, vv. 614])Ninth Paragraph: The law of the seducer (xxii 1617 [Hebrew, vv. 1516])Tenth Paragraph: Statutes against idolatrous customs (xxii 1820 [Hebrew, vv. 1719])Eleventh Paragraph: Love and fellowship towards the poor and the needy (xxii 2127 [Hebrew, vv. 2026])Twelfth Paragraph: Reverence towards God and the leaders of the community (xxii 2831 [Hebrew, vv. 2730])Thirteenth Paragraph: Justice towards all men (xxiii 19)Fourteenth Paragraph: The Sacred Seasons (xxiii 1019)Epilogue of the Section (xxiii 2033)SECTION FOUR: The making of the Covenant (xxiv 118)First Paragraph: The instructions given to Moses (xxiv 12)Second Paragraph: Details of the agreement relative to the making of the Covenant (xxiv 38)Third Paragraph: In audience with God (xxiv 911)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' ascent (xxiv 1218)PART III: THE TABERNACLE AND ITS SERVICE (XXVXL)SECTION ONE: Directions for the construction of the Tabernacle (xxv 1xxxi 18)First Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxv 19)Second Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxv 1022)Third Paragraph: The Table (xxv 2330)Fourth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxv 3140)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxvi 114)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxvi 1530)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxvi 3137)Eighth Paragraph: The altar (xxvii 18)Ninth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxvii 919)Tenth Paragraph: First directions for the Priesthood (xxvii 20xxviii 5)Eleventh Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxviii 643)Twelfth Paragraph: The induction (xxix 146)Thirteenth Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxx 110)Fourteenth Paragraph: The half shekel (xxx 1116)Fifteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxx 1721)Sixteenth Paragraph: The oil of anointment (xxx 2233)Seventeenth Paragraph: Incense of spices (xxx 3438)Eighteenth Paragraph: Appointment of artisans (xxxi 111)Nineteenth Paragraph: Abstention from work in the Sabbath day (xxxi 1217)Twentieth Paragraph: The handing over of the tables of the Covenant (xxxi 18)SECTION TWO: The making of the calf (xxxii 1xxxiv 35)First Paragraph: At the foot of the mountain (xxxii 16)Second Paragraph: On Mount Sinai (xxxii 714)Third Paragraph: Moses' action (xxxii 1529)Fourth Paragraph: Moses is assured that Israel will possess the Land (xxxii 3035)Fifth Paragraph: The directives for the construction of the Tabernacleare annulled (xxxiii 14)Sixth Paragraph: A parallel passage to the previous theme (xxxiii 56)Seventh Paragraph: The Tent of Meeting (xxxiii 711)Eighth Paragraph: A dialogue between Moses and the Lord (xxxiii1223)Ninth Paragraph: Preparation for the renewal of the Covenant andthe Revelation of the Lord to Moses (xxxiv 110)Tenth Paragraph: Instructions for the observance of the Covenant (xxxiv 1126)Eleventh Paragraph: The writing of the Covenant documents (xxxiv 2728)Twelfth Paragraph: The skin of Moses' face becomes radiant (xxxiv 2935)SECTION THREE: The execution of the work of the Tabernacle and its erection (xxxv 1xl 38)First Paragraph: Cessation of work on the Sabbath (xxxv 13)Second Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxxv 420)Third Paragraph: The bringing of the contribution (xxxv 2129)Fourth Paragraph: The appointment of the craftsmen and the commencement of the work (xxxv 30xxxvi 7)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxxvi 819)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxxvi 2034)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxxvi 3538)Eighth Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxxvii 19)Ninth Paragraph: The Table (xxxvii 1016)Tenth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxxvii 1724)Eleventh Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxxvii 2529)Twelfth Paragraph: The altar of burnt offering (xxxviii 17)Thirteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxxviii 8)Fourteenth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxxviii 920)Fifteenth Paragraph: An inventory of materials used for the Tabernacle (xxxviii 21xxxix 1)Sixteenth Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxxix 231)Seventeenth Paragraph: Completion of the work (xxxix 32)Eighteenth Paragraph: The work is brought to Moses (xxxix 3343)Nineteenth Paragraph: The command to erect the Tabernacle (xl 116)Twentieth Paragraph: The erection of the Tabernacle (xl 1733)Conclusion of the Section and the Book (xl 3438)AbbreviationsBibliographical Notes and AddendaINDEXESI. Biblical ReferencesII. Other Literary ReferencesIII. Notabilia
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