A Commentary on the Book of...

The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

C h a p t e r Home | T O C  | I n d e x VII TRANSLATOR’S FOREWORD blazes a new expository path, which I am convinced future scholars will tread in increasing numbers and with growing conviction. Unlike the volumes dealing with the first two pericopes of Genesis, the present work does not separate the annotations from the Biblical text, but forms a continuous, unified commentary in which the Scriptur-al citations are interlinked with the exposition. This type of commen-tation requires a special technique, and caused the author, wherever possible, to fit his ‘ comments into the words of Scripture, so that the nexus between the annotations and the text should be close and direct, and the reader would have no need constantly to refer to the Penta-teuchal wording.’ The effect of this exegetical method has been to make the entire book a mosaic of Scriptural verse and comment. The ele-ments are so closely and artistically interwoven as to form a new literary entity— not a text with notes, but a homogeneous expository work, which must rank among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning. In the translation of this volume I have followed the principles that I adumbrated in my Foreword to the English version of From Adam to Noah. But the external form of the present commentary, its ‘ mosaic’ character as a running commentary, has necessitated certain changes in my translation methods. In so far as the Scriptural passages are concerned, I have, where possible, continued to give preference to modern English usage. Thus I write ‘ eighty’ instead of ‘ fourscore’, ‘ listen’ rather than ‘ hearken’, ‘ to’ and not ‘ unto’; but ‘ Thou’ has been retained for the Deity. At times the expository nature of the work has compelled me to resort to very literal rendering of the Biblical texts in order to make the annotations fully comprehensible. I have in con-sequence not confined myself to any particular English version, but I have laid under tribute various translations ( such as The Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version; The Holy Scriptures [ Jewish Publication Society of America]; The Torah [ JPS]; and A New Translation of The Bible, by James Moffatt), and on occasion I have given my own ren-dition, my invariable guide- line being the requirements of the context. To distinguish the Biblical text from the commentary, the former is printed in italics; but where a Scriptural passage is quoted from a part of the Bible outside the Book of Exodus, or even from a section of Exodus that is not the immediate subject of commentation, the quo-tation appears in roman type and between inverted commas. For technical reasons, however, I found it advisable to omit the inverted commas in the case of Scriptural oratio recta, following in this respect the example of the Authorized Version.

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus


About Book A Commentary on the Book of Exodus

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTranslator's ForewordKey to transliterationContentsPrefacePART I: THE BONDAGE AND LIBERATION (IXVII)SECTION ONE: The bondage (i 122)First Paragraph: The children of Israel become a people (i 17)Second Paragraph: The first two stages of bondage (i 814)Third Paragraph: Pharaoh's command to the midwives (i 1521)Conclusion of the Section (i 22)SECTION TWO: The birth of the saviour and his upbringing (ii 122)First Paragraph: The birth and rescue of Moses (ii 110)Second Paragraph: Moses and his brethren (ii 1115)Third Paragraph: Moses in Midian (ii 1622)SECTION THREE: Moses' mission (ii 23iv 31)The Exordium: God's in His Heaven' (ii 2325)First Paragraph: The theophany on Mount Horeb (iii 115)Second Paragraph: The instructions (iii 1622)Third Paragraph: Moses' doubts and how they were resolved (iv 117)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' journey (iv 1823)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter at the lodging place (iv 2426)Sixth Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before the children of Israel (iv 2731)SECTION FOUR: The first attempt and its failure (v 1vi 1)First Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh (v 15)Second Paragraph: Edict upon edict (v 69)Third Paragraph: The new burden imposed on the people (v 1014)Fourth Paragraph: The complaint of the foremen (v 1519)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter with Moses and Aaron (v 2021)Sixth Paragraph: Moses' remonstrance and the Lord's reply (v 22vi 1)SECTION FIVE: Prelude to successful action (vi 2vii 7)First Paragraph: The Lord's declaration (vi 29)Second Paragraph: Moses and Aaron are commanded to go to Pharaoh (vi 1013)Third Paragraph: The genealogy of Moses and Aaron (vi 1427)Fourth Paragraph: The narrative is resumed (vi 2830)Fifth Paragraph: Detailed instructions to Moses and Aaron (vii 15)Conclusion of the Section (vii 67)SECTION SIX: The plagues (vii 8xi 10)Prologue: The presentation of credentials (vii 813)First Paragraph: Blood (vii 1425)Second Paragraph: Frogs (viii 115 [Hebrew, vii 26-viii 11])Third Paragraph: Gnats (viii 1619 [Hebrew, vv. 1215])Fourth Paragraph: Swarms of flies (viii 2032 [Hebrew, vv. 1628])Fifth Paragraph: Pest (ix 17)Sixth Paragraph: Boils (ix 812)Seventh Paragraph: Hail (ix 1335)Eighth Paragraph: Locusts (x 120)Ninth Paragraph: Darkness (x 2129)Tenth Paragraph: The warning regarding the plague of the first-born (xi 18)Epilogue (xi 910)SECTION SEVEN: The exodus from Egypt (xii 142)First Paragraph: Instructions on the observance of Passover in Egypt (xii 113)Second Paragraph: Directives for the observance of Passover in thefuture (xii 1420)Third Paragraph: The instructions are conveyed to the people andPassover is celebrated in Egypt (xii 2128)Fourth Paragraph: Plague of the first-born (xii 2932)Fifth Paragraph: Preparations for the exodus (xii 3336)Sixth Paragraph: The exodus (xii 3742)Appendixes to the Section (xii 43xiii 16)First Appendix: The ordinance of Passover (xii 4350)Second Appendix: The laws of the first-born and a memorial to the exodus (xii 51xiii 16)SECTION EIGHT: The division of the Sea of Reeds (xiii 17xv 21)First Paragraph: The journey in the wilderness (xiii 1722)Second Paragraph: The encampment by the Sea of Reeds (xiv 14)Third Paragraph: The pursuit by the Egyptians (xiv 58)Fourth Paragraph: The meeting of the two hosts (xiv 914)Fifth Paragraph: The way of salvation (xiv 1518)Sixth Paragraph: The Israelites pass through the midst of the sea (xiv 1922)Seventh Paragraph: The discomfiture of the Egyptians (xiv 2325)Eighth Paragraph: The punishment of the pursuers (xiv 2629)Ninth Paragraph: The deliverance (xiv 3031)Tenth Paragraph: The song of the sea (xv 121)SECTION NINE: The travails of the journey (xv 22xvii 16)First Paragraph: The waters of Mara (xv 2227)Second Paragraph: The manna and the quails (xvi 136)Third Paragraph: The waters of Meribah (xvii 17)Fourth Paragraph: War with the Amalekites (xvii 816)PART II: THE TORAH AND ITS PRECEPTS (XVIIIXXIV)SECTION ONE: Israel is welcomed as one of the nations of theworld (xviii 127)First Paragraph: Jethro's visit (xviii 112)Second Paragraph: The advice to appoint judges and its acceptance (xviii 1326)Conclusion of the Section (xviii 27)SECTION TWO: The revelation at Mount Sinai (xix 1xx 21)First Paragraph: The preparations (xix l15)Second Paragraph: The elements of nature in commotion (xix 1619)Third Paragraph: The final instructions (xix 2025)Fourth Paragraph: The Decalogue (xx 117)Conclusion of the Section (xx 1821)SECTION THREE: Statutes and ordinances (xx 22xxiii 33)The Exordium: Introductory observations (xx 22b26)The legal paragraphs: (xxi 1 ff.)First Paragraph: The laws of the Hebrew slave (xxi 26)Second Paragraph: The laws of the bondwoman (xxi 711)Third Paragraph: Capital offences (xxi 1217)Fourth Paragraph: Laws appertaining to bodily injuries (xxi 1827)Fifth Paragraph: The ox and the pit (xxi 2836)Sixth Paragraph: Laws of theft (xxii 14 [Hebrew, xxi 37xxii 3])Seventh Paragraph: Damage by grazing and burning (xxii 56 [Hebrew, vv. 45])Eighth Paragraph: Four classes of bailees (xxii 715 [Hebrew, vv. 614])Ninth Paragraph: The law of the seducer (xxii 1617 [Hebrew, vv. 1516])Tenth Paragraph: Statutes against idolatrous customs (xxii 1820 [Hebrew, vv. 1719])Eleventh Paragraph: Love and fellowship towards the poor and the needy (xxii 2127 [Hebrew, vv. 2026])Twelfth Paragraph: Reverence towards God and the leaders of the community (xxii 2831 [Hebrew, vv. 2730])Thirteenth Paragraph: Justice towards all men (xxiii 19)Fourteenth Paragraph: The Sacred Seasons (xxiii 1019)Epilogue of the Section (xxiii 2033)SECTION FOUR: The making of the Covenant (xxiv 118)First Paragraph: The instructions given to Moses (xxiv 12)Second Paragraph: Details of the agreement relative to the making of the Covenant (xxiv 38)Third Paragraph: In audience with God (xxiv 911)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' ascent (xxiv 1218)PART III: THE TABERNACLE AND ITS SERVICE (XXVXL)SECTION ONE: Directions for the construction of the Tabernacle (xxv 1xxxi 18)First Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxv 19)Second Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxv 1022)Third Paragraph: The Table (xxv 2330)Fourth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxv 3140)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxvi 114)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxvi 1530)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxvi 3137)Eighth Paragraph: The altar (xxvii 18)Ninth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxvii 919)Tenth Paragraph: First directions for the Priesthood (xxvii 20xxviii 5)Eleventh Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxviii 643)Twelfth Paragraph: The induction (xxix 146)Thirteenth Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxx 110)Fourteenth Paragraph: The half shekel (xxx 1116)Fifteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxx 1721)Sixteenth Paragraph: The oil of anointment (xxx 2233)Seventeenth Paragraph: Incense of spices (xxx 3438)Eighteenth Paragraph: Appointment of artisans (xxxi 111)Nineteenth Paragraph: Abstention from work in the Sabbath day (xxxi 1217)Twentieth Paragraph: The handing over of the tables of the Covenant (xxxi 18)SECTION TWO: The making of the calf (xxxii 1xxxiv 35)First Paragraph: At the foot of the mountain (xxxii 16)Second Paragraph: On Mount Sinai (xxxii 714)Third Paragraph: Moses' action (xxxii 1529)Fourth Paragraph: Moses is assured that Israel will possess the Land (xxxii 3035)Fifth Paragraph: The directives for the construction of the Tabernacleare annulled (xxxiii 14)Sixth Paragraph: A parallel passage to the previous theme (xxxiii 56)Seventh Paragraph: The Tent of Meeting (xxxiii 711)Eighth Paragraph: A dialogue between Moses and the Lord (xxxiii1223)Ninth Paragraph: Preparation for the renewal of the Covenant andthe Revelation of the Lord to Moses (xxxiv 110)Tenth Paragraph: Instructions for the observance of the Covenant (xxxiv 1126)Eleventh Paragraph: The writing of the Covenant documents (xxxiv 2728)Twelfth Paragraph: The skin of Moses' face becomes radiant (xxxiv 2935)SECTION THREE: The execution of the work of the Tabernacle and its erection (xxxv 1xl 38)First Paragraph: Cessation of work on the Sabbath (xxxv 13)Second Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxxv 420)Third Paragraph: The bringing of the contribution (xxxv 2129)Fourth Paragraph: The appointment of the craftsmen and the commencement of the work (xxxv 30xxxvi 7)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxxvi 819)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxxvi 2034)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxxvi 3538)Eighth Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxxvii 19)Ninth Paragraph: The Table (xxxvii 1016)Tenth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxxvii 1724)Eleventh Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxxvii 2529)Twelfth Paragraph: The altar of burnt offering (xxxviii 17)Thirteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxxviii 8)Fourteenth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxxviii 920)Fifteenth Paragraph: An inventory of materials used for the Tabernacle (xxxviii 21xxxix 1)Sixteenth Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxxix 231)Seventeenth Paragraph: Completion of the work (xxxix 32)Eighteenth Paragraph: The work is brought to Moses (xxxix 3343)Nineteenth Paragraph: The command to erect the Tabernacle (xl 116)Twentieth Paragraph: The erection of the Tabernacle (xl 1733)Conclusion of the Section and the Book (xl 3438)AbbreviationsBibliographical Notes and AddendaINDEXESI. Biblical ReferencesII. Other Literary ReferencesIII. Notabilia
commentary book exodus page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks last commentaries rendered into english this cassuto work ranks among finest modern contributions treasury biblical learning
eBookshuk Books

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

The Jews of Santa Coloma de Queralt. Hispania Judaica, v. 6
A reconstruction of the Jewish life in a small community, on the basis of notary acts found in local archives.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the Geschichte der Juden, the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Encyclopedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archæology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible (in 4 volumes)
New electronic edition of classic four-volume Bible-focused encyclopedia supplied with sophisticated navigation, single-click lookup of original Hebrew text, and copy/paste functionality that comes with automatically generated bibliography.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as anchor and compass for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

The Pharisees: The Sociological Background of Their Faith (2 volume-set)
The Pharisees constituted a religious Order of singular influence in the history of civilization. Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedanism all derive from this ancient Palestinian Society. This book uncovers the origins and fundamental aspects of Pharisees' faith from sociological point of view.

Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
The twenty-two articles in this collection represent the latest results of the research into Mishnaic Hebrew that is conducted in Israel.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

(Torah: the New Russian Translation)
, - , .

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

Studies in Jewish Education XI: Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education
Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education is dedicated to Prof. Michael Rosenak, the founder of the discipline of the Philosophy of Jewish Education.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

Palestine in the 18th Century


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER
Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.

Jesus
A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

THE ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF JUDAEA
A broad survey of economic and political conditions in Judaea after Destruction of the Second Temple.

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

Studies in Israel Legislative Problems (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
An impressive collection of thoughts on major legal problems facing Israel, a country where the law is at a transitional stage and in the process of continous growth.

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

BOOKS OF KINGS


Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1
sdfg

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Mishnayoth


The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

Studia Biblica Vol. 1
asdf

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaam as tribulaoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.