A Commentary on the Book of...

The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

C h a p t e r Home | T O C  | I n d e x VII TRANSLATOR’S FOREWORD blazes a new expository path, which I am convinced future scholars will tread in increasing numbers and with growing conviction. Unlike the volumes dealing with the first two pericopes of Genesis, the present work does not separate the annotations from the Biblical text, but forms a continuous, unified commentary in which the Scriptur-al citations are interlinked with the exposition. This type of commen-tation requires a special technique, and caused the author, wherever possible, to fit his ‘ comments into the words of Scripture, so that the nexus between the annotations and the text should be close and direct, and the reader would have no need constantly to refer to the Penta-teuchal wording.’ The effect of this exegetical method has been to make the entire book a mosaic of Scriptural verse and comment. The ele-ments are so closely and artistically interwoven as to form a new literary entity— not a text with notes, but a homogeneous expository work, which must rank among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning. In the translation of this volume I have followed the principles that I adumbrated in my Foreword to the English version of From Adam to Noah. But the external form of the present commentary, its ‘ mosaic’ character as a running commentary, has necessitated certain changes in my translation methods. In so far as the Scriptural passages are concerned, I have, where possible, continued to give preference to modern English usage. Thus I write ‘ eighty’ instead of ‘ fourscore’, ‘ listen’ rather than ‘ hearken’, ‘ to’ and not ‘ unto’; but ‘ Thou’ has been retained for the Deity. At times the expository nature of the work has compelled me to resort to very literal rendering of the Biblical texts in order to make the annotations fully comprehensible. I have in con-sequence not confined myself to any particular English version, but I have laid under tribute various translations ( such as The Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version; The Holy Scriptures [ Jewish Publication Society of America]; The Torah [ JPS]; and A New Translation of The Bible, by James Moffatt), and on occasion I have given my own ren-dition, my invariable guide- line being the requirements of the context. To distinguish the Biblical text from the commentary, the former is printed in italics; but where a Scriptural passage is quoted from a part of the Bible outside the Book of Exodus, or even from a section of Exodus that is not the immediate subject of commentation, the quo-tation appears in roman type and between inverted commas. For technical reasons, however, I found it advisable to omit the inverted commas in the case of Scriptural oratio recta, following in this respect the example of the Authorized Version.

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus

About Book A Commentary on the Book of Exodus

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTranslator's ForewordKey to transliterationContentsPrefacePART I: THE BONDAGE AND LIBERATION (IXVII)SECTION ONE: The bondage (i 122)First Paragraph: The children of Israel become a people (i 17)Second Paragraph: The first two stages of bondage (i 814)Third Paragraph: Pharaoh's command to the midwives (i 1521)Conclusion of the Section (i 22)SECTION TWO: The birth of the saviour and his upbringing (ii 122)First Paragraph: The birth and rescue of Moses (ii 110)Second Paragraph: Moses and his brethren (ii 1115)Third Paragraph: Moses in Midian (ii 1622)SECTION THREE: Moses' mission (ii 23iv 31)The Exordium: God's in His Heaven' (ii 2325)First Paragraph: The theophany on Mount Horeb (iii 115)Second Paragraph: The instructions (iii 1622)Third Paragraph: Moses' doubts and how they were resolved (iv 117)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' journey (iv 1823)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter at the lodging place (iv 2426)Sixth Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before the children of Israel (iv 2731)SECTION FOUR: The first attempt and its failure (v 1vi 1)First Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh (v 15)Second Paragraph: Edict upon edict (v 69)Third Paragraph: The new burden imposed on the people (v 1014)Fourth Paragraph: The complaint of the foremen (v 1519)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter with Moses and Aaron (v 2021)Sixth Paragraph: Moses' remonstrance and the Lord's reply (v 22vi 1)SECTION FIVE: Prelude to successful action (vi 2vii 7)First Paragraph: The Lord's declaration (vi 29)Second Paragraph: Moses and Aaron are commanded to go to Pharaoh (vi 1013)Third Paragraph: The genealogy of Moses and Aaron (vi 1427)Fourth Paragraph: The narrative is resumed (vi 2830)Fifth Paragraph: Detailed instructions to Moses and Aaron (vii 15)Conclusion of the Section (vii 67)SECTION SIX: The plagues (vii 8xi 10)Prologue: The presentation of credentials (vii 813)First Paragraph: Blood (vii 1425)Second Paragraph: Frogs (viii 115 [Hebrew, vii 26-viii 11])Third Paragraph: Gnats (viii 1619 [Hebrew, vv. 1215])Fourth Paragraph: Swarms of flies (viii 2032 [Hebrew, vv. 1628])Fifth Paragraph: Pest (ix 17)Sixth Paragraph: Boils (ix 812)Seventh Paragraph: Hail (ix 1335)Eighth Paragraph: Locusts (x 120)Ninth Paragraph: Darkness (x 2129)Tenth Paragraph: The warning regarding the plague of the first-born (xi 18)Epilogue (xi 910)SECTION SEVEN: The exodus from Egypt (xii 142)First Paragraph: Instructions on the observance of Passover in Egypt (xii 113)Second Paragraph: Directives for the observance of Passover in thefuture (xii 1420)Third Paragraph: The instructions are conveyed to the people andPassover is celebrated in Egypt (xii 2128)Fourth Paragraph: Plague of the first-born (xii 2932)Fifth Paragraph: Preparations for the exodus (xii 3336)Sixth Paragraph: The exodus (xii 3742)Appendixes to the Section (xii 43xiii 16)First Appendix: The ordinance of Passover (xii 4350)Second Appendix: The laws of the first-born and a memorial to the exodus (xii 51xiii 16)SECTION EIGHT: The division of the Sea of Reeds (xiii 17xv 21)First Paragraph: The journey in the wilderness (xiii 1722)Second Paragraph: The encampment by the Sea of Reeds (xiv 14)Third Paragraph: The pursuit by the Egyptians (xiv 58)Fourth Paragraph: The meeting of the two hosts (xiv 914)Fifth Paragraph: The way of salvation (xiv 1518)Sixth Paragraph: The Israelites pass through the midst of the sea (xiv 1922)Seventh Paragraph: The discomfiture of the Egyptians (xiv 2325)Eighth Paragraph: The punishment of the pursuers (xiv 2629)Ninth Paragraph: The deliverance (xiv 3031)Tenth Paragraph: The song of the sea (xv 121)SECTION NINE: The travails of the journey (xv 22xvii 16)First Paragraph: The waters of Mara (xv 2227)Second Paragraph: The manna and the quails (xvi 136)Third Paragraph: The waters of Meribah (xvii 17)Fourth Paragraph: War with the Amalekites (xvii 816)PART II: THE TORAH AND ITS PRECEPTS (XVIIIXXIV)SECTION ONE: Israel is welcomed as one of the nations of theworld (xviii 127)First Paragraph: Jethro's visit (xviii 112)Second Paragraph: The advice to appoint judges and its acceptance (xviii 1326)Conclusion of the Section (xviii 27)SECTION TWO: The revelation at Mount Sinai (xix 1xx 21)First Paragraph: The preparations (xix l15)Second Paragraph: The elements of nature in commotion (xix 1619)Third Paragraph: The final instructions (xix 2025)Fourth Paragraph: The Decalogue (xx 117)Conclusion of the Section (xx 1821)SECTION THREE: Statutes and ordinances (xx 22xxiii 33)The Exordium: Introductory observations (xx 22b26)The legal paragraphs: (xxi 1 ff.)First Paragraph: The laws of the Hebrew slave (xxi 26)Second Paragraph: The laws of the bondwoman (xxi 711)Third Paragraph: Capital offences (xxi 1217)Fourth Paragraph: Laws appertaining to bodily injuries (xxi 1827)Fifth Paragraph: The ox and the pit (xxi 2836)Sixth Paragraph: Laws of theft (xxii 14 [Hebrew, xxi 37xxii 3])Seventh Paragraph: Damage by grazing and burning (xxii 56 [Hebrew, vv. 45])Eighth Paragraph: Four classes of bailees (xxii 715 [Hebrew, vv. 614])Ninth Paragraph: The law of the seducer (xxii 1617 [Hebrew, vv. 1516])Tenth Paragraph: Statutes against idolatrous customs (xxii 1820 [Hebrew, vv. 1719])Eleventh Paragraph: Love and fellowship towards the poor and the needy (xxii 2127 [Hebrew, vv. 2026])Twelfth Paragraph: Reverence towards God and the leaders of the community (xxii 2831 [Hebrew, vv. 2730])Thirteenth Paragraph: Justice towards all men (xxiii 19)Fourteenth Paragraph: The Sacred Seasons (xxiii 1019)Epilogue of the Section (xxiii 2033)SECTION FOUR: The making of the Covenant (xxiv 118)First Paragraph: The instructions given to Moses (xxiv 12)Second Paragraph: Details of the agreement relative to the making of the Covenant (xxiv 38)Third Paragraph: In audience with God (xxiv 911)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' ascent (xxiv 1218)PART III: THE TABERNACLE AND ITS SERVICE (XXVXL)SECTION ONE: Directions for the construction of the Tabernacle (xxv 1xxxi 18)First Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxv 19)Second Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxv 1022)Third Paragraph: The Table (xxv 2330)Fourth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxv 3140)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxvi 114)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxvi 1530)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxvi 3137)Eighth Paragraph: The altar (xxvii 18)Ninth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxvii 919)Tenth Paragraph: First directions for the Priesthood (xxvii 20xxviii 5)Eleventh Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxviii 643)Twelfth Paragraph: The induction (xxix 146)Thirteenth Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxx 110)Fourteenth Paragraph: The half shekel (xxx 1116)Fifteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxx 1721)Sixteenth Paragraph: The oil of anointment (xxx 2233)Seventeenth Paragraph: Incense of spices (xxx 3438)Eighteenth Paragraph: Appointment of artisans (xxxi 111)Nineteenth Paragraph: Abstention from work in the Sabbath day (xxxi 1217)Twentieth Paragraph: The handing over of the tables of the Covenant (xxxi 18)SECTION TWO: The making of the calf (xxxii 1xxxiv 35)First Paragraph: At the foot of the mountain (xxxii 16)Second Paragraph: On Mount Sinai (xxxii 714)Third Paragraph: Moses' action (xxxii 1529)Fourth Paragraph: Moses is assured that Israel will possess the Land (xxxii 3035)Fifth Paragraph: The directives for the construction of the Tabernacleare annulled (xxxiii 14)Sixth Paragraph: A parallel passage to the previous theme (xxxiii 56)Seventh Paragraph: The Tent of Meeting (xxxiii 711)Eighth Paragraph: A dialogue between Moses and the Lord (xxxiii1223)Ninth Paragraph: Preparation for the renewal of the Covenant andthe Revelation of the Lord to Moses (xxxiv 110)Tenth Paragraph: Instructions for the observance of the Covenant (xxxiv 1126)Eleventh Paragraph: The writing of the Covenant documents (xxxiv 2728)Twelfth Paragraph: The skin of Moses' face becomes radiant (xxxiv 2935)SECTION THREE: The execution of the work of the Tabernacle and its erection (xxxv 1xl 38)First Paragraph: Cessation of work on the Sabbath (xxxv 13)Second Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxxv 420)Third Paragraph: The bringing of the contribution (xxxv 2129)Fourth Paragraph: The appointment of the craftsmen and the commencement of the work (xxxv 30xxxvi 7)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxxvi 819)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxxvi 2034)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxxvi 3538)Eighth Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxxvii 19)Ninth Paragraph: The Table (xxxvii 1016)Tenth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxxvii 1724)Eleventh Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxxvii 2529)Twelfth Paragraph: The altar of burnt offering (xxxviii 17)Thirteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxxviii 8)Fourteenth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxxviii 920)Fifteenth Paragraph: An inventory of materials used for the Tabernacle (xxxviii 21xxxix 1)Sixteenth Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxxix 231)Seventeenth Paragraph: Completion of the work (xxxix 32)Eighteenth Paragraph: The work is brought to Moses (xxxix 3343)Nineteenth Paragraph: The command to erect the Tabernacle (xl 116)Twentieth Paragraph: The erection of the Tabernacle (xl 1733)Conclusion of the Section and the Book (xl 3438)AbbreviationsBibliographical Notes and AddendaINDEXESI. Biblical ReferencesII. Other Literary ReferencesIII. Notabilia
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