A Commentary on the Book of...

The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

C  h a p t e r Home | T O C  | I n d e x XI C O N T E N T STranslator’s Foreword . . . . . . . . V Key to transliteration . . . . . . . . . X Preface . . . . . . . . . . . 1 PART I: THE BONDAGE AND LIBERATION ( I– XVII) SECTION ONE: The bondage ( i 1– 22). . . . . . 7 First Paragraph: The children of Israel become a people ( i 1– 7) . . 7 Second Paragraph: The first two stages of bondage ( i 8– 14) . . . 9 Third Paragraph: Pharaoh’s command to the midwives ( i 15– 21) . . 12 Conclusion of the Section ( i 22) . . . . . . . 16 SECTION TWO: The birth of the saviour and his upbringing ( ii 1– 22) . . . . . . . . . . 17 First Paragraph: The birth and rescue of Moses ( ii 1– 10) . . . 17 Second Paragraph: Moses and his brethren ( ii 11– 15) . . . 21 Third Paragraph: Moses in Midian ( ii 16– 22) . . . . . 24 SECTION THREE: Moses’ mission ( ii 23– iv 31) . . . . 28 The Exordium: ‘ God’s in His Heaven’ ( ii 23– 25) . . . . 28 First Paragraph: The theophany on Mount Horeb ( iii 1– 15) . . . 30 Second Paragraph: The instructions ( iii 16– 22) . . . . . 40 Third Paragraph: Moses’ doubts and how they were resolved ( iv 1– 17) . 45 Fourth Paragraph: Moses’ journey ( iv 18– 23) . . . . . 52 Fifth Paragraph: The encounter at the lodging place ( iv 24– 26) . . 58 Sixth Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before the children of Israel ( iv 27– 31) . . . . . . . . . . 62

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus


About Book A Commentary on the Book of Exodus

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTranslator's ForewordKey to transliterationContentsPrefacePART I: THE BONDAGE AND LIBERATION (I–XVII)SECTION ONE: The bondage (i 1–22)First Paragraph: The children of Israel become a people (i 1–7)Second Paragraph: The first two stages of bondage (i 8–14)Third Paragraph: Pharaoh's command to the midwives (i 15–21)Conclusion of the Section (i 22)SECTION TWO: The birth of the saviour and his upbringing (ii 1–22)First Paragraph: The birth and rescue of Moses (ii 1–10)Second Paragraph: Moses and his brethren (ii 11–15)Third Paragraph: Moses in Midian (ii 16–22)SECTION THREE: Moses' mission (ii 23–iv 31)The Exordium: ‘God's in His Heaven' (ii 23–25)First Paragraph: The theophany on Mount Horeb (iii 1–15)Second Paragraph: The instructions (iii 16–22)Third Paragraph: Moses' doubts and how they were resolved (iv 1–17)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' journey (iv 18–23)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter at the lodging place (iv 24–26)Sixth Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before the children of Israel (iv 27–31)SECTION FOUR: The first attempt and its failure (v 1–vi 1)First Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh (v 1–5)Second Paragraph: Edict upon edict (v 6–9)Third Paragraph: The new burden imposed on the people (v 10–14)Fourth Paragraph: The complaint of the foremen (v 15–19)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter with Moses and Aaron (v 20–21)Sixth Paragraph: Moses' remonstrance and the Lord's reply (v 22–vi 1)SECTION FIVE: Prelude to successful action (vi 2–vii 7)First Paragraph: The Lord's declaration (vi 2–9)Second Paragraph: Moses and Aaron are commanded to go to Pharaoh (vi 10–13)Third Paragraph: The genealogy of Moses and Aaron (vi 14–27)Fourth Paragraph: The narrative is resumed (vi 28–30)Fifth Paragraph: Detailed instructions to Moses and Aaron (vii 1–5)Conclusion of the Section (vii 6–7)SECTION SIX: The plagues (vii 8–xi 10)Prologue: The presentation of credentials (vii 8–13)First Paragraph: Blood (vii 14–25)Second Paragraph: Frogs (viii 1–15 [Hebrew, vii 26-viii 11])Third Paragraph: Gnats (viii 16–19 [Hebrew, vv. 12–15])Fourth Paragraph: Swarms of flies (viii 20–32 [Hebrew, vv. 16–28])Fifth Paragraph: Pest (ix 1–7)Sixth Paragraph: Boils (ix 8–12)Seventh Paragraph: Hail (ix 13–35)Eighth Paragraph: Locusts (x 1–20)Ninth Paragraph: Darkness (x 21–29)Tenth Paragraph: The warning regarding the plague of the first-born (xi 1–8)Epilogue (xi 9–10)SECTION SEVEN: The exodus from Egypt (xii 1–42)First Paragraph: Instructions on the observance of Passover in Egypt (xii 1–13)Second Paragraph: Directives for the observance of Passover in thefuture (xii 14–20)Third Paragraph: The instructions are conveyed to the people andPassover is celebrated in Egypt (xii 21–28)Fourth Paragraph: Plague of the first-born (xii 29–32)Fifth Paragraph: Preparations for the exodus (xii 33–36)Sixth Paragraph: The exodus (xii 37–42)Appendixes to the Section (xii 43–xiii 16)First Appendix: The ordinance of Passover (xii 43–50)Second Appendix: The laws of the first-born and a memorial to the exodus (xii 51–xiii 16)SECTION EIGHT: The division of the Sea of Reeds (xiii 17–xv 21)First Paragraph: The journey in the wilderness (xiii 17–22)Second Paragraph: The encampment by the Sea of Reeds (xiv 1–4)Third Paragraph: The pursuit by the Egyptians (xiv 5–8)Fourth Paragraph: The meeting of the two hosts (xiv 9–14)Fifth Paragraph: The way of salvation (xiv 15–18)Sixth Paragraph: The Israelites pass through the midst of the sea (xiv 19–22)Seventh Paragraph: The discomfiture of the Egyptians (xiv 23–25)Eighth Paragraph: The punishment of the pursuers (xiv 26–29)Ninth Paragraph: The deliverance (xiv 30–31)Tenth Paragraph: The song of the sea (xv 1–21)SECTION NINE: The travails of the journey (xv 22–xvii 16)First Paragraph: The waters of Mara (xv 22–27)Second Paragraph: The manna and the quails (xvi 1–36)Third Paragraph: The waters of Meribah (xvii 1–7)Fourth Paragraph: War with the Amalekites (xvii 8–16)PART II: THE TORAH AND ITS PRECEPTS (XVIII–XXIV)SECTION ONE: Israel is welcomed as one of the nations of theworld (xviii 1–27)First Paragraph: Jethro's visit (xviii 1–12)Second Paragraph: The advice to appoint judges and its acceptance (xviii 13–26)Conclusion of the Section (xviii 27)SECTION TWO: The revelation at Mount Sinai (xix 1–xx 21)First Paragraph: The preparations (xix l–15)Second Paragraph: The elements of nature in commotion (xix 16–19)Third Paragraph: The final instructions (xix 20–25)Fourth Paragraph: The Decalogue (xx 1–17)Conclusion of the Section (xx 18–21)SECTION THREE: Statutes and ordinances (xx 22–xxiii 33)The Exordium: Introductory observations (xx 22b–26)The legal paragraphs: (xxi 1 ff.)First Paragraph: The laws of the Hebrew slave (xxi 2–6)Second Paragraph: The laws of the bondwoman (xxi 7–11)Third Paragraph: Capital offences (xxi 12–17)Fourth Paragraph: Laws appertaining to bodily injuries (xxi 18–27)Fifth Paragraph: The ox and the pit (xxi 28–36)Sixth Paragraph: Laws of theft (xxii 1–4 [Hebrew, xxi 37–xxii 3])Seventh Paragraph: Damage by grazing and burning (xxii 5–6 [Hebrew, vv. 4–5])Eighth Paragraph: Four classes of bailees (xxii 7–15 [Hebrew, vv. 6–14])Ninth Paragraph: The law of the seducer (xxii 16–17 [Hebrew, vv. 15–16])Tenth Paragraph: Statutes against idolatrous customs (xxii 18–20 [Hebrew, vv. 17–19])Eleventh Paragraph: Love and fellowship towards the poor and the needy (xxii 21–27 [Hebrew, vv. 20–26])Twelfth Paragraph: Reverence towards God and the leaders of the community (xxii 28–31 [Hebrew, vv. 27–30])Thirteenth Paragraph: Justice towards all men (xxiii 1–9)Fourteenth Paragraph: The Sacred Seasons (xxiii 10–19)Epilogue of the Section (xxiii 20–33)SECTION FOUR: The making of the Covenant (xxiv 1–18)First Paragraph: The instructions given to Moses (xxiv 1–2)Second Paragraph: Details of the agreement relative to the making of the Covenant (xxiv 3–8)Third Paragraph: In audience with God (xxiv 9–11)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' ascent (xxiv 12–18)PART III: THE TABERNACLE AND ITS SERVICE (XXV–XL)SECTION ONE: Directions for the construction of the Tabernacle (xxv 1–xxxi 18)First Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxv 1–9)Second Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxv 10–22)Third Paragraph: The Table (xxv 23–30)Fourth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxv 31–40)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxvi 1–14)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxvi 15–30)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxvi 31–37)Eighth Paragraph: The altar (xxvii 1–8)Ninth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxvii 9–19)Tenth Paragraph: First directions for the Priesthood (xxvii 20–xxviii 5)Eleventh Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxviii 6–43)Twelfth Paragraph: The induction (xxix 1–46)Thirteenth Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxx 1–10)Fourteenth Paragraph: The half shekel (xxx 11–16)Fifteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxx 17–21)Sixteenth Paragraph: The oil of anointment (xxx 22–33)Seventeenth Paragraph: Incense of spices (xxx 34–38)Eighteenth Paragraph: Appointment of artisans (xxxi 1–11)Nineteenth Paragraph: Abstention from work in the Sabbath day (xxxi 12–17)Twentieth Paragraph: The handing over of the tables of the Covenant (xxxi 18)SECTION TWO: The making of the calf (xxxii 1–xxxiv 35)First Paragraph: At the foot of the mountain (xxxii 1–6)Second Paragraph: On Mount Sinai (xxxii 7–14)Third Paragraph: Moses' action (xxxii 15–29)Fourth Paragraph: Moses is assured that Israel will possess the Land (xxxii 30–35)Fifth Paragraph: The directives for the construction of the Tabernacleare annulled (xxxiii 1–4)Sixth Paragraph: A parallel passage to the previous theme (xxxiii 5–6)Seventh Paragraph: The Tent of Meeting (xxxiii 7–11)Eighth Paragraph: A dialogue between Moses and the Lord (xxxiii12–23)Ninth Paragraph: Preparation for the renewal of the Covenant andthe Revelation of the Lord to Moses (xxxiv 1–10)Tenth Paragraph: Instructions for the observance of the Covenant (xxxiv 11–26)Eleventh Paragraph: The writing of the Covenant documents (xxxiv 27–28)Twelfth Paragraph: The skin of Moses' face becomes radiant (xxxiv 29–35)SECTION THREE: The execution of the work of the Tabernacle and its erection (xxxv 1–xl 38)First Paragraph: Cessation of work on the Sabbath (xxxv 1–3)Second Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxxv 4–20)Third Paragraph: The bringing of the contribution (xxxv 21–29)Fourth Paragraph: The appointment of the craftsmen and the commencement of the work (xxxv 30–xxxvi 7)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxxvi 8–19)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxxvi 20–34)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxxvi 35–38)Eighth Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxxvii 1–9)Ninth Paragraph: The Table (xxxvii 10–16)Tenth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxxvii 17–24)Eleventh Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxxvii 25–29)Twelfth Paragraph: The altar of burnt offering (xxxviii 1–7)Thirteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxxviii 8)Fourteenth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxxviii 9–20)Fifteenth Paragraph: An inventory of materials used for the Tabernacle (xxxviii 21–xxxix 1)Sixteenth Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxxix 2–31)Seventeenth Paragraph: Completion of the work (xxxix 32)Eighteenth Paragraph: The work is brought to Moses (xxxix 33–43)Nineteenth Paragraph: The command to erect the Tabernacle (xl 1–16)Twentieth Paragraph: The erection of the Tabernacle (xl 17–33)Conclusion of the Section and the Book (xl 34–38)AbbreviationsBibliographical Notes and AddendaINDEXESI. Biblical ReferencesII. Other Literary ReferencesIII. Notabilia
commentary book exodus page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks last commentaries rendered into english this cassuto work ranks among finest modern contributions treasury biblical learning
eBookshuk Books

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Encyclopedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archæology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible (in 4 volumes)
New electronic edition of classic four-volume Bible-focused encyclopedia supplied with sophisticated navigation, single-click lookup of original Hebrew text, and copy/paste functionality that comes with automatically generated bibliography.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 3
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

BOOKS OF KINGS


Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology – and faith – at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

Volume 10, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Jewish Influence on Christian Reform Movements
This work is a study of a few typical “Reform Movements” or heresies in the history of Catholicism during the Middle Ages and of Protestantism during the Reformation era. It has been undertaken with a view to describing and analyzing the contributions by Jews and Judaism to the rise and development of these movements.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Studies in Israel Legislative Problems (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
An impressive collection of thoughts on major legal problems facing Israel, a country where the law is at a transitional stage and in the process of continous growth.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

Studies in Jewish Education XIII: Modes of Educational Translation
This volume is concerned with the possibility of “translating” insights derived from areas of knowledge sometimes thought to be outside the purview of education – to issues and problems on the agenda of educational thinkers, researchers and practitioners.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.

Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

Studies in Jewish Education XIII: Modes of Educational Translation
This volume is concerned with the possibility of “translating” insights derived from areas of knowledge sometimes thought to be outside the purview of education – to issues and problems on the agenda of educational thinkers, researchers and practitioners.

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN


Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

R. Juspa, Shammash of Warmaisa (Worms)


JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

The Jews of Charleston: A History of an American Jewish Community
The small group of Jewish inhabitants of Charles Town in South Carolina met in 1750 to organize themselves permanently into a religious community. This book tells that community's story down to the present day. It describes the process of adjustment both of the Jews and their religion.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

Meeting of Cultures and Clash of Cultures


JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah, 12 vols.
The most important work of the 20th century giant of Talmudic scholarship.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

Biblical and Oriental Studies (2 volumes)
Two-volume set of U. Cassuto's Biblical and Ancient Oriental Texts essays.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, “a chronicle of heart-rending events” recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.