A Commentary on the Book of...

The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

C h a p t e r Home | T O C  | I n d e x X K E Y TO T H E T R A N S L I T E R AT I O N HE B R EW ( a) C O N S O N A N T S ל ’ = א = l בּ = b מ, ם = m ב = bh נ, ן = n גּ = g ס = s ג = gh ‛ = ע דּ = d פּ = p ד = dh פ, ך = ph ה = h צ, ץ = s ו = w ק = q ז = z ר = r ח = h שׂ = ś ט = t שׁ = š י = y תּ = t כּ, ךּ = k ת = th כ, ך = kh Note: ( 1) Unsounded ה at the end of a word is not represented in the transcription; ( 2) the customary English spelling is retained for Biblical names and rabbinic works and authorities. ( b ) VO W E L S Long Short (ָ Qames gadhol) = aַ = a י . , . ( Hireq gadhol) = iֶ = e י ..,.. = eִ ( Hireq qatan) = i וֹ, = oָ ( Qames qatan) = o וּ = uֻ = u (ְ Šewa’)= =ֲ ă =ֳ ö =ֱ ô Note: Capital E represents , and ; thus אֱלֹהִים is transliterated ’ Elohim, and אֵל is transcribed ’ El. ARABIC AND OTHER LANGUAGES The method commonly used in scientific works was followed in the transliteration of Arabic, Akkadian, Egyptian and Ugaritic words.

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus


About Book A Commentary on the Book of Exodus

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTranslator's ForewordKey to transliterationContentsPrefacePART I: THE BONDAGE AND LIBERATION (I–XVII)SECTION ONE: The bondage (i 1–22)First Paragraph: The children of Israel become a people (i 1–7)Second Paragraph: The first two stages of bondage (i 8–14)Third Paragraph: Pharaoh's command to the midwives (i 15–21)Conclusion of the Section (i 22)SECTION TWO: The birth of the saviour and his upbringing (ii 1–22)First Paragraph: The birth and rescue of Moses (ii 1–10)Second Paragraph: Moses and his brethren (ii 11–15)Third Paragraph: Moses in Midian (ii 16–22)SECTION THREE: Moses' mission (ii 23–iv 31)The Exordium: ‘God's in His Heaven' (ii 23–25)First Paragraph: The theophany on Mount Horeb (iii 1–15)Second Paragraph: The instructions (iii 16–22)Third Paragraph: Moses' doubts and how they were resolved (iv 1–17)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' journey (iv 18–23)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter at the lodging place (iv 24–26)Sixth Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before the children of Israel (iv 27–31)SECTION FOUR: The first attempt and its failure (v 1–vi 1)First Paragraph: Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh (v 1–5)Second Paragraph: Edict upon edict (v 6–9)Third Paragraph: The new burden imposed on the people (v 10–14)Fourth Paragraph: The complaint of the foremen (v 15–19)Fifth Paragraph: The encounter with Moses and Aaron (v 20–21)Sixth Paragraph: Moses' remonstrance and the Lord's reply (v 22–vi 1)SECTION FIVE: Prelude to successful action (vi 2–vii 7)First Paragraph: The Lord's declaration (vi 2–9)Second Paragraph: Moses and Aaron are commanded to go to Pharaoh (vi 10–13)Third Paragraph: The genealogy of Moses and Aaron (vi 14–27)Fourth Paragraph: The narrative is resumed (vi 28–30)Fifth Paragraph: Detailed instructions to Moses and Aaron (vii 1–5)Conclusion of the Section (vii 6–7)SECTION SIX: The plagues (vii 8–xi 10)Prologue: The presentation of credentials (vii 8–13)First Paragraph: Blood (vii 14–25)Second Paragraph: Frogs (viii 1–15 [Hebrew, vii 26-viii 11])Third Paragraph: Gnats (viii 16–19 [Hebrew, vv. 12–15])Fourth Paragraph: Swarms of flies (viii 20–32 [Hebrew, vv. 16–28])Fifth Paragraph: Pest (ix 1–7)Sixth Paragraph: Boils (ix 8–12)Seventh Paragraph: Hail (ix 13–35)Eighth Paragraph: Locusts (x 1–20)Ninth Paragraph: Darkness (x 21–29)Tenth Paragraph: The warning regarding the plague of the first-born (xi 1–8)Epilogue (xi 9–10)SECTION SEVEN: The exodus from Egypt (xii 1–42)First Paragraph: Instructions on the observance of Passover in Egypt (xii 1–13)Second Paragraph: Directives for the observance of Passover in thefuture (xii 14–20)Third Paragraph: The instructions are conveyed to the people andPassover is celebrated in Egypt (xii 21–28)Fourth Paragraph: Plague of the first-born (xii 29–32)Fifth Paragraph: Preparations for the exodus (xii 33–36)Sixth Paragraph: The exodus (xii 37–42)Appendixes to the Section (xii 43–xiii 16)First Appendix: The ordinance of Passover (xii 43–50)Second Appendix: The laws of the first-born and a memorial to the exodus (xii 51–xiii 16)SECTION EIGHT: The division of the Sea of Reeds (xiii 17–xv 21)First Paragraph: The journey in the wilderness (xiii 17–22)Second Paragraph: The encampment by the Sea of Reeds (xiv 1–4)Third Paragraph: The pursuit by the Egyptians (xiv 5–8)Fourth Paragraph: The meeting of the two hosts (xiv 9–14)Fifth Paragraph: The way of salvation (xiv 15–18)Sixth Paragraph: The Israelites pass through the midst of the sea (xiv 19–22)Seventh Paragraph: The discomfiture of the Egyptians (xiv 23–25)Eighth Paragraph: The punishment of the pursuers (xiv 26–29)Ninth Paragraph: The deliverance (xiv 30–31)Tenth Paragraph: The song of the sea (xv 1–21)SECTION NINE: The travails of the journey (xv 22–xvii 16)First Paragraph: The waters of Mara (xv 22–27)Second Paragraph: The manna and the quails (xvi 1–36)Third Paragraph: The waters of Meribah (xvii 1–7)Fourth Paragraph: War with the Amalekites (xvii 8–16)PART II: THE TORAH AND ITS PRECEPTS (XVIII–XXIV)SECTION ONE: Israel is welcomed as one of the nations of theworld (xviii 1–27)First Paragraph: Jethro's visit (xviii 1–12)Second Paragraph: The advice to appoint judges and its acceptance (xviii 13–26)Conclusion of the Section (xviii 27)SECTION TWO: The revelation at Mount Sinai (xix 1–xx 21)First Paragraph: The preparations (xix l–15)Second Paragraph: The elements of nature in commotion (xix 16–19)Third Paragraph: The final instructions (xix 20–25)Fourth Paragraph: The Decalogue (xx 1–17)Conclusion of the Section (xx 18–21)SECTION THREE: Statutes and ordinances (xx 22–xxiii 33)The Exordium: Introductory observations (xx 22b–26)The legal paragraphs: (xxi 1 ff.)First Paragraph: The laws of the Hebrew slave (xxi 2–6)Second Paragraph: The laws of the bondwoman (xxi 7–11)Third Paragraph: Capital offences (xxi 12–17)Fourth Paragraph: Laws appertaining to bodily injuries (xxi 18–27)Fifth Paragraph: The ox and the pit (xxi 28–36)Sixth Paragraph: Laws of theft (xxii 1–4 [Hebrew, xxi 37–xxii 3])Seventh Paragraph: Damage by grazing and burning (xxii 5–6 [Hebrew, vv. 4–5])Eighth Paragraph: Four classes of bailees (xxii 7–15 [Hebrew, vv. 6–14])Ninth Paragraph: The law of the seducer (xxii 16–17 [Hebrew, vv. 15–16])Tenth Paragraph: Statutes against idolatrous customs (xxii 18–20 [Hebrew, vv. 17–19])Eleventh Paragraph: Love and fellowship towards the poor and the needy (xxii 21–27 [Hebrew, vv. 20–26])Twelfth Paragraph: Reverence towards God and the leaders of the community (xxii 28–31 [Hebrew, vv. 27–30])Thirteenth Paragraph: Justice towards all men (xxiii 1–9)Fourteenth Paragraph: The Sacred Seasons (xxiii 10–19)Epilogue of the Section (xxiii 20–33)SECTION FOUR: The making of the Covenant (xxiv 1–18)First Paragraph: The instructions given to Moses (xxiv 1–2)Second Paragraph: Details of the agreement relative to the making of the Covenant (xxiv 3–8)Third Paragraph: In audience with God (xxiv 9–11)Fourth Paragraph: Moses' ascent (xxiv 12–18)PART III: THE TABERNACLE AND ITS SERVICE (XXV–XL)SECTION ONE: Directions for the construction of the Tabernacle (xxv 1–xxxi 18)First Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxv 1–9)Second Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxv 10–22)Third Paragraph: The Table (xxv 23–30)Fourth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxv 31–40)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxvi 1–14)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxvi 15–30)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxvi 31–37)Eighth Paragraph: The altar (xxvii 1–8)Ninth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxvii 9–19)Tenth Paragraph: First directions for the Priesthood (xxvii 20–xxviii 5)Eleventh Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxviii 6–43)Twelfth Paragraph: The induction (xxix 1–46)Thirteenth Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxx 1–10)Fourteenth Paragraph: The half shekel (xxx 11–16)Fifteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxx 17–21)Sixteenth Paragraph: The oil of anointment (xxx 22–33)Seventeenth Paragraph: Incense of spices (xxx 34–38)Eighteenth Paragraph: Appointment of artisans (xxxi 1–11)Nineteenth Paragraph: Abstention from work in the Sabbath day (xxxi 12–17)Twentieth Paragraph: The handing over of the tables of the Covenant (xxxi 18)SECTION TWO: The making of the calf (xxxii 1–xxxiv 35)First Paragraph: At the foot of the mountain (xxxii 1–6)Second Paragraph: On Mount Sinai (xxxii 7–14)Third Paragraph: Moses' action (xxxii 15–29)Fourth Paragraph: Moses is assured that Israel will possess the Land (xxxii 30–35)Fifth Paragraph: The directives for the construction of the Tabernacleare annulled (xxxiii 1–4)Sixth Paragraph: A parallel passage to the previous theme (xxxiii 5–6)Seventh Paragraph: The Tent of Meeting (xxxiii 7–11)Eighth Paragraph: A dialogue between Moses and the Lord (xxxiii12–23)Ninth Paragraph: Preparation for the renewal of the Covenant andthe Revelation of the Lord to Moses (xxxiv 1–10)Tenth Paragraph: Instructions for the observance of the Covenant (xxxiv 11–26)Eleventh Paragraph: The writing of the Covenant documents (xxxiv 27–28)Twelfth Paragraph: The skin of Moses' face becomes radiant (xxxiv 29–35)SECTION THREE: The execution of the work of the Tabernacle and its erection (xxxv 1–xl 38)First Paragraph: Cessation of work on the Sabbath (xxxv 1–3)Second Paragraph: The contribution to the Tabernacle (xxxv 4–20)Third Paragraph: The bringing of the contribution (xxxv 21–29)Fourth Paragraph: The appointment of the craftsmen and the commencement of the work (xxxv 30–xxxvi 7)Fifth Paragraph: The Tabernacle and the Tent (xxxvi 8–19)Sixth Paragraph: The boards (xxxvi 20–34)Seventh Paragraph: The veil and the screen (xxxvi 35–38)Eighth Paragraph: The ark and the kapporeth (xxxvii 1–9)Ninth Paragraph: The Table (xxxvii 10–16)Tenth Paragraph: The lampstand (xxxvii 17–24)Eleventh Paragraph: The altar of incense (xxxvii 25–29)Twelfth Paragraph: The altar of burnt offering (xxxviii 1–7)Thirteenth Paragraph: The laver and its base (xxxviii 8)Fourteenth Paragraph: The court of the Tabernacle (xxxviii 9–20)Fifteenth Paragraph: An inventory of materials used for the Tabernacle (xxxviii 21–xxxix 1)Sixteenth Paragraph: The priestly garments (xxxix 2–31)Seventeenth Paragraph: Completion of the work (xxxix 32)Eighteenth Paragraph: The work is brought to Moses (xxxix 33–43)Nineteenth Paragraph: The command to erect the Tabernacle (xl 1–16)Twentieth Paragraph: The erection of the Tabernacle (xl 17–33)Conclusion of the Section and the Book (xl 34–38)AbbreviationsBibliographical Notes and AddendaINDEXESI. Biblical ReferencesII. Other Literary ReferencesIII. Notabilia
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