AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND...

d.DevelopmentPlans127 Roads and Highways 132 a. Improvements of the Military Administration 132 b. Development Plans of the Civil Administration 134 c. Political and Financial Pressures 136 d. Building the Roads 141 e. Management of the Roads 145 Seaports 148 Airfields 151 Communications 152 a. Postal Services 152 b. Telegraph and Wireless Services 154 c. Telephones 155 Land Reclamation 157 a. Afforestation and Stabilisation of Sand Dunes 158 b. Swamp Drainage 162 c. Building Activities 163 Conclusions: Laying of Infrastructure as an Articulation of British Policy 166 Chapter Four: Rural and Urban Development Aid to the Rural Sector 170 a. Agricultural Reorganisation 171 b. Financial Assistance and Tax Reforms 175 c. Rural Health 178 d. Rural Education 182 e. Rural Road System 185 f. Status Changes and Aid to Non- Agricultural Works 186 Ownership and Sale of Land 188 State Lands 191 Cadastral Surveys and Mapping 195 Town Planning and Building Ordinances 198 Construction, Water Supply and Drainage Projects 200 Aid to the Urban Sector 205 The British Administration and Jerusalem 209 a. Jerusalem as the Capital of Palestine 210 b. British Development Projects in Jerusalem 212   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


About Book AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND

Front Matter Front Cover Half Title Page Title Page Copyright PageTABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF MAPSThe Book of Agaddah,PREFACEINTRODUCTION: A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF BRITISH IMPERIAL RULE THE CASE OF PALESTINEMethodological ArgumentThe Character of British Rule in PalestinePalestine at the Time of the British Conquesta. The Rural Landscapeb. The Urban Landscapec. The Jewish Communityd. Roads, Railways and Communicationse. Palestine in the Eyes of the BritishContents 1. THE CREATION OF PALESTINE DELIMITATION OF BORDERS Geographical Perceptions of PalestinePolitical Factors in the Delimitation of Bordersa. The French Government and the Sykes-Picot Agreementb. The Arabs and the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence c. The Zionist Movement and the Balfour Declarationd. The British Government and RepresentativesBorders in the Makinga. Zionist Proposalsb. French Proposalsc. Arab Proposalsd. The British PositionGeographical Boundary Claimsa. The Southern Boundary: Agriculture, Transportation, Bedouins, Mining b. The Eastern Boundary: Grain fieldsc. The Northern Boundary: Water, Transportation, Agriculture, PopulationStrategic ArgumentsHistorical Boundary ClaimsFinal Decisions and Boundary Demarcationa. The Northern Boundary: Rosh Haniqra to el-Hamahb. The eastern boundary: el-Hamah to Gulf of Aqabac. The southern boundary: Gulf of Aqaba to MediterraneanDemarcation PrinciplesConclusion: Spatial Consequences of Delimiting Boundaries2. CONCEPTS OF DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANISATION Attitude of the British Government in LondonDevelopment Plans of the Military AuthoritiesOperational Principles of the Civil Administrationa. Early Ideasb. From Conception to Implementationc. Policy Changes in Light of the RealitiesLegislative, Financial and Political ObstaclesInstitutionalisation of Government and Territorial Jurisdiction Organising Territorial DivisionsOrganising the Administrative SystemCommunal and Personal ConsiderationsBritish Input and Geographic InfluencesConclusions: Aspirations versus Capabilities3. BUILDING THE INFRASTRUCTURE OF PALESTINE Railroadsa. Improvements of the Military Administrationb. Political Impedimentsc. Improvements of the Civil Administrationd. Development plansRoads and Highwaysa. Improvements of the Military Administrationb. Development Plans of the Civil Administrationc. Political and Financial Pressuresd. Building the Roadse. Management of the RoadsSeaportsAirfieldsCommunicationsa. Postal Servicesb. Telegraph and Wireless Servicesc. TelephonesLand Reclamationa. Afforestation and Stabilisation of Sand Dunesb. Swamp Drainage c. Building Activities Conclusion: Laying of Infrastructure as an Articulation of British Policy4. RURAL AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Aid to the Rural Sectora. Agricultural Reorganisationb. Financial Assistance and Tax Reformsc. Rural Healthd. Rural Educatione. Rural Road Systemf. Status Changes and Aid to Non-Agriculture WorksOwnership and Sale of Land State LandsCadastral Surveys and MappingTown Planning and Building OrdinancesConstruction, Water Supply and Drainage ProjectsAid to the Urban SectorThe British Administration and Jerusalema. Jerusalem as the Capital of Palestineb. British Development Projects in JerusalemConclusions: British Influence on the Urban and Rural Sectors 5. THE PALESTINE ADMINISTRATION AND THE JEWS Jewish ImmigrationJewish ColonisationUrban, Industrial and Commercial Developmentin the Jewish SectorTransportation Links to the Jewish ColoniesConclusions: Help or Hindrance to the Jews6. BRITISH CONTRIBUTION TO LANDSCAPE CHANGE IN PALESTINE Stages of Mandatory RulePreconceived vs. Responsive ActionAsymmetry in British Development PolicyRegional AsymmetrySectoral AsymmetryCommunal AsymmetryAdministrative Weak SpotsEPILOGUE: TRADITION AND INNOVATION IN BRITISH ACTIVITIES IN PALESTINE General Administrative ActivitiesBritish Colonial ActivitiesAdministrative Activities Exclusive to British Rule in PalestineBack Matter BIBLIOGRAPHYOFFICIAL ARCHIVESPRIVATE ARCHIVESOFFICIAL PUBLICATIONSOTHER PUBLICATIONSINDEXBack Cover
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