ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY...



ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


About Book ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND

Front MatterFront Cover Map Half Title PageTitle PageCopyright PageContents PrefaceContentsPART ONE: IntroductionI. Preservation of toponyms in the Holy Land as a basis for studying its pastII. The set of toponyms as a linguistic corpusIII. Linguistic analysis of metamorphoses of names; previous attemptsIV. Evaluation of Kampffmeyer's studyV. The danger of using toponyms for historical research without linguistic disciplineVI. Guidelines for linguistic investigation of changes in toponymsVII. What are 'almost positive' identifications? VIII. Mode of operationIX. A list of the 177 toponyms of the full corpus X. A few technicalitiesPART TWO: THE ENTRIES1. ?a?sa?e?a. ( ?? 0??(? . [qesariyye]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussi2. ?a?a?st???. ???????/????/?????? [falastin]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion3. ?eap????. ??????? [nables]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion5. ???a???. ??? ???? . [hagla]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion7. ??ad. ??? . ['arad] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion8. ?a?aa?a. ????? *. [milh]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discus9. ???aatt???. ????? . ['aqraba]Identification and bibliographyDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion10. ?????. ['irbid]Identification and documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion11. ????a. ??? . [fahel]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion12.? ?e????. ????? [tabariyya] / [tabariyye]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion13. ?a?e??. ????? [banyas]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion14. ??aa. ??? . ['arrabe]Identification and documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion15. Safforine /S epf????. ( ??????(?/? ???? [saffurye]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion16. ?a?. ???? ???? ['amman]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion17.? a?aa/????[]. ??? . [rageb] Identification and documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion18. ?et?a???(a). ['innabe] 18a. [bet nuba] 18. Identification and documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion18a. IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion19. ?sd?d ['esdud] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion20. ???a???. ????? . ['aqer]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion21. ?s?a???. ?????? . ['asqalan]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion22. ?fe??. ??? . [fiq] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion23. ?a????. ???? - ???? . ['ammata] IdentificationDocumentation of the name Linguistic discussio24.? a?a. ??? ??? . ['el-hamme]Documentation of the name Linguistic discussion25. ?a??d??e?. ???? ????? . [tal'at ed?damm]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion26. ????a??? - ???e??. ???????? . [bet 'enun]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion27. ?d???? - ?d???. ???? . ['id el-miyye] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion28. ?d???. ???? . [hadite] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion29. ???. ??? . ['anab] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion30. 'Avaia - ??e?. ???? . [gwen] or [gwene]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion31. ?s?e?. ????? - ?????? . [samu']Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion32. ?ta????. Atarus. ['attara] or ['atara]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussionI. AtarotII. Others33. ?s??. [tyasir] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion34. ?ta???.(? ????? (????? ??? , ['atara] or ['atta ra]IdenificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion35. ??a???. ????? .['anata] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion36.? ?[?]???. ???? ??? - *????? . [('i)ksal] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion37. '????. ??? . ['akka]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion38. ??d?ppa. ????? . ['iz-zib] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion39. ?????. ???? . [yalo] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion40. ????e?[?]'. ['arura] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion41. ?e?. ???a. ['abil] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion42. ?e?d??.? ?d??. ??? ??? . ['endor] / ['indur] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion43. ???a??e?. ( ? 1???? ?). [galame]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion44. [S]a?e?- [Sa????a?]. ??? *? [seh salem] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion45. ?a???? - ?e???. ?????? . [betin]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion46. ????e?. ??? ??? . [bet lahem] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion48.G ??. [(al-)gib] IdentificationLinguistic discussio50.? a?. ?? . [tall el-qadi], [nahr al?liddan]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion51. ?a??e?. [danne]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion52.? ??ae?. ???/????? . [dotan]/[dotan]/[dota]/[dota] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion53.? ???? - [?a???] - ????. ????? . [diban]/[diban]Documentation of the name Erroneous transmissionLinguistic discussion54.? aa???a (?ae????). ???? . [dab(b)urye]54a. ???? . [dabura]? IdentificationDocumentation of the name ????Documentation of the name ????Linguistic discussion55. ???a. [dome]/[dume]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion56.? a?d??. ??? . [dana]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion57.? se?? - ?s???. ????? , [hesban]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion58. ?d??, ?d?a?. ????? . [der'a]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion59.? ?e???. ????? . ['el'al] / ['el'ala] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic Discussion60. '?f?a?. ?????/???? . ['afra]/[at?tay(yi)be]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussionPLATESPLATES 1PLATES 2PLATES 3PLATES 4PLATES 5PLATES 6PLATES 7PLATES 8PART THREE: Linguistic SummaryI. Comments on Spellingl . I n the Bible2. In Ancient Hebrew and Northwest Semitic inscriptions3. In Greek and Latin sources4. In Medieval Arabic sources5. Reports by modern scholarsII. PhonologConsonants1. Ancient Semitic sounds, now generally lost2. Preservation of gutturals3. Hard and soft pronunciation ( (???? ????)4. Semitic cognates of Greek ? p t5. Preservation of emphasis in Arab speech6. Generally ? > [s]; in Galilee (and Lebanon) ? > [s] 8. Gemination of consonants9. Assimilation in quality of consonants10. Consonantal alternationVowels11.The 'Canaanite Shift' 12. i13. a14. u15. holem16. holem > e in Moab and the coastal towns?17. Added /n/ or /m/ at end of word after long vowel18. Ancient short vowel in pretonic open syllable19. Qames and patah20. Sere21. Short i ; 'defective' hireq and segol22. Short u23. Semi-vowels24. Sewa quiescent25. Differences of vowel length26. Diphthongs27. Vowel assimilation28. Attenuation29. Omission of final vowel in a Greek name by Hebrew and Aramaic speakers30. Raising of vowel before ta marbuta in Arabic ('final imala') Accentuation31. Accentuation in place names in Arab speech32. Difficulty of drawing conclusions from present-day pronunciation as to accentuation in the past 33. Addition of ?/? ? ? at the end of a word after a vowel may also occurwhen the accent is on the penult III. Morphology1. Patterns of nouns of Semitic origin in the Corpus2. Vestiges of Gt3. The 'Segolates'4. qitil > qitl > qatl 5. Alternating of thematic vowel in segolate forms6. qital> ??? ( generally in Hebrew)/ (sometimes )/ ? ? ? (similar to Aramaic) 7. qatil > ???? > qatil (majority) / qatil (minority) 8. Historical alternation of noun patterns9. First part of a name understood as prefix and droppedSuffixes of noun patterns10. Suffix -at; source and reason for preservation in toponyms11. Suffix -i12. Suffix -it13. Suffix -aymln not as a dual ending - a typical addition to toponyms14. Alternation and omission of suffixes15. Alternations between Hebrew/Aramaic and Greek suffixes16. Greek -??? suffix reflecting -on 17. Added /a/ at end of names in Greek and Latin sources in the Roman-Byzantine Era18. Non-Greek sources render -os/-us instead of -as/?is in an originally Greek name - standardization? 19. Adaptation of pre-Arabic suffix to Arabic 20. Back-formation21. ?a?t?-/?et?-, ????- (= ???? ,???? ,) in 2nd-6th centuries CE22. Final 'imala: ta' marbuta pronounced today [e] or [i] (except after gutturals, emphatics and ra' under certain conditions) 23. Names preserved in Arabic as diminutiveIV. Definite Article and Syntax1. Determination and the definite article2. Special phenomena pertaining to the definite article3. Names consisting of two words4. as an integral part of the name: sometimes a free variant 5. ???? as part of the name in early periods dropped later (for historical reasons?) V. Etymology and Semantics1. Interpretations of names and lexicological remarks2. Etiological homilies and folk etymology3. Internal changes in the name inspired by changed understanding of its elements 4. Translation and adaptation of names from one language to another 5. A Hebrew calque to a Greek form.6. Pedantic forms in literary Arabic sources7. Influence of landscape on development of the name8. Name replaced by a euphemism9. Common noun derived from a place nameVI. Historical Matters, Transmission of Hebrew, Confluence of LanguagesGeneral1. Confluence of languages2. 'Wandering' word from the 3rd mill. BCE?3. Name preserved for millennia by nomads, despite mostly ruined state of site 4. Name preserved in two parallel versions5. Name influenced by a generally known name6. Regional differences7. Standard and substandardThe Bible and the biblical period8. Names in the Bible - MT, LXX and other documentation 9. Early vs. late books of the Bible10. Ammonite?11. The coastal cities in Greek12. Ancient Assyrian source reflecting local Hebrew pronunciation Roman-Byzantine Period13. Certain people and their reports of place-names14. The Targums15. Mishnah, Talmuds, Midrash and their linguistic traditions 16. SamaritansArab Period and Middle Ages17. Adaptation of names to Arabic; the question of 'Arab mouth' and 'Syrian mouth' 18. Arabic material of Christian source from the first centuries A.H.19. Colloquial Arabic preserves the original name better than does Literary Arabic 20. Preservation of a name in a nearby waliModern Era21. Change of name in Transjordan on eve of and during 19th century22. European travelers err in hearing and recording Arabic sounds23. Scholars lend exaggerated weight to an exceptional report24. Misidentification due to misreading of sources25. To what extent have names changed since the Arab conquest till today? PART FOUR: A Brief Summary of New Discoveries and Insights in Historical Geography Back MatterBibliography and AbbreviationsIndex of SourcesBIBLEGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesII SamuelI KingsII KingsIsaiahJeremiahEzekielHoseaAmosMicahNahumZechariahPsalmsLamentationsEcclesiastesDanielEzraNebemiahI ChroniclesAPOCRYPHAI EnochJubileesJoseph's TestamentJuditI MaccabeesII MaccabeesNEW TESTAMENTMatthewLukeJohnJOSEPHUSAntiquites RABBINIC SOURCESMishnah Tosefta Midrash HalakhahBabylon TalmudJerusalem TalmudMidrash AggadahTargumimRehov InscriptionSELECTED ROMAN-BYZANTINE SOURCESGeneral IndexLinguistic IndexGeographical Name IndexIndex of Scholars and TravellersWord IndexBack Map Back Cover
ancient place names holy land page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks
eBookshuk Books

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
asdf

Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXIII)
This anthology contains such articles as The Holy Congregation in Jerusalem by S. Safrai, Persecutions and Maryrdom in Hadrian's Days by M. D. Herr, The Imperial Court-Jew Wolf Werthheimer as Dimlomatic Mediator by B. Mevorah, To whom did Mendelssohn Reply in his Jerusalem , by Jacob Katz, Caesar: An Economic Biography and its Political Significance by I. Shatzman and others.

Studia Biblica Vol. 1
asdf

The Book of Pogroms (in Russian)
asdfsaf

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.4
asdf

A Grammar of Samaritan Hebrew
The importance of the Samaritan pronunciation of Hebrew has gained wide acceptance as essential for reaching a correct understanding of the processes that affected the development of the Hebrew language in the late second temple period.

The Book of Delight and Other Papers
The book contains eight chapters of an absorbing text, including The Book of Delight, A Visit to Hebron, Medieval Mayfaring, and Marriages Are Made in Heaven.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.

TestBook4


Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 5
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Luah HaShanah 5776
sdfg

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as anchor and compass for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or converse, knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.
This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

USCJ eLuah 5776
asdf

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
sadf

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 2
asdf

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, a chronicle of heart-rending events recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 9
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS
... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs --Rudolf Smend, from Wisdom in Ancient Israel , Cambridge, 1997.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

History of the Jews, Vol. 3: From the Revolt against the Zendik (511 C.E.) to the Capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans (1291 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The third volume covers the period from the revolt against the Zendik to the capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 8
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa
This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of the forgotten million that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.