ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY...



ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


About Book ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND

Front MatterFront Cover Map Half Title PageTitle PageCopyright PageContents PrefaceContentsPART ONE: IntroductionI. Preservation of toponyms in the Holy Land as a basis for studying its pastII. The set of toponyms as a linguistic corpusIII. Linguistic analysis of metamorphoses of names; previous attemptsIV. Evaluation of Kampffmeyer's studyV. The danger of using toponyms for historical research without linguistic disciplineVI. Guidelines for linguistic investigation of changes in toponymsVII. What are 'almost positive' identifications? VIII. Mode of operationIX. A list of the 177 toponyms of the full corpus X. A few technicalitiesPART TWO: THE ENTRIES1. ?a?sa?e?a. ( ?? 0??(? . [qesariyye]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussi2. ?a?a?st???. ???????/????/?????? [falastin]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion3. ?eap????. ??????? [nables]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion5. ???a???. ??? ???? . [hagla]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion7. ??ad. ??? . ['arad] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion8. ?a?aa?a. ????? *. [milh]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discus9. ???aßatt???. ????? . ['aqraba]Identification and bibliographyDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion10. ??ß???. ['irbid]Identification and documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion11. ????a. ??? . [fahel]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion12.? ?ße????. ????? [tabariyya] / [tabariyye]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion13. ?a?e??. ????? [banyas]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion14. ??aßa. ??? . ['arrabe]Identification and documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion15. Safforine /S epf????. ( ??????(?/? ???? [saffurye]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion16. ?µµa?. ???? ???? ['amman]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion17.? a?aßa/????[ß]. ??? . [rageb] Identification and documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion18. ?et?a???ß(a). ['innabe] 18a. [bet nuba] 18. Identification and documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion18a. IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion19. ?sd?d ['esdud] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion20. ???a???. ????? . ['aqer]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion21. ?s?a???. ?????? . ['asqalan]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion22. ?fe??. ??? . [fiq] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion23. ?µµa????. ???? - ???? . ['ammata] IdentificationDocumentation of the name Linguistic discussio24.? µµa?a. ??? ??? . ['el-hamme]Documentation of the name Linguistic discussion25. ?a??d?µ?e?. ???? ????? . [tal'at ed?damm]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion26. ????a??? - ???e??µ. ???????? . [bet 'enun]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion27. ?d????µ - ?d???µ. ???? . ['id el-miyye] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion28. ?d???. ???? . [hadite] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion29. ???ß. ??? . ['anab] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion30. 'Avaia - ??e?. ???? . [gwen] or [gwene]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion31. ?s?eµ?. ????? - ?????? . [samu']Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion32. ?ta????. Atarus. ['attara] or ['atara]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussionI. AtarotII. Others33. ?s??. [tyasir] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion34. ?ta???.(? ????? (????? ??? , ['atara] or ['atta ra]IdenificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion35. ??a???. ????? .['anata] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion36.? ?[?]???. ???? ??? - *????? . [('i)ksal] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion37. '????. ??? . ['akka]Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion38. ??d?ppa. ????? . ['iz-zib] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion39. ?????. ???? . [yalo] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion40. ????e?[?]'. ['arura] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion41. ?ße?. ?ß??a. ['abil] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion42. ?e?d??.? ?d??. ??? ??? . ['endor] / ['indur] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion43. ???a??e?µ. ( ? 1???? ?). [galame]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion44. [S]a?e?µ- [Sa???µ?a?]. ??? *? [seh salem] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion45. ?a???? - ?e???. ?????? . [betin]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion46. ????e?µ. ??? ??? . [bet lahem] Documentation of the nameLinguistic discussion48.G ?ß?. [(al-)gib] IdentificationLinguistic discussio50.? a?. ?? . [tall el-qadi], [nahr al?liddan]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion51. ?a??e?. [danne]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion52.? ??ae?µ. ???/????? . [dotan]/[dotan]/[dota]/[dota] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion53.? ?ß??? - [?a?ß??] - ??ß??. ????? . [diban]/[diban]Documentation of the name Erroneous transmissionLinguistic discussion54.? aßa???a (?aße????). ???? . [dab(b)urye]54a. ???? . [dabura]? IdentificationDocumentation of the name ????Documentation of the name ????Linguistic discussion55. ???µa. [dome]/[dume]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion56.? a?d??. ??? . [dana]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion57.? seß?? - ?sß???. ????? , [hesban]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion58. ?d??, ?d?a?. ????? . [der'a]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussion59.? ?e???. ????? . ['el'al] / ['el'ala] IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic Discussion60. '?f?a?µ. ?????/???? . ['afra]/[at?tay(yi)be]IdentificationDocumentation of the nameLinguistic discussionPLATESPLATES 1PLATES 2PLATES 3PLATES 4PLATES 5PLATES 6PLATES 7PLATES 8PART THREE: Linguistic SummaryI. Comments on Spellingl . I n the Bible2. In Ancient Hebrew and Northwest Semitic inscriptions3. In Greek and Latin sources4. In Medieval Arabic sources5. Reports by modern scholarsII. PhonologConsonants1. Ancient Semitic sounds, now generally lost2. Preservation of gutturals3. Hard and soft pronunciation ( (???? ????)4. Semitic cognates of Greek ? p t5. Preservation of emphasis in Arab speech6. Generally ? > [s]; in Galilee (and Lebanon) ? > [s] 8. Gemination of consonants9. Assimilation in quality of consonants10. Consonantal alternationVowels11.The 'Canaanite Shift' 12. i13. a14. u15. holem16. holem > e in Moab and the coastal towns?17. Added /n/ or /m/ at end of word after long vowel18. Ancient short vowel in pretonic open syllable19. Qames and patah20. Sere21. Short i ; 'defective' hireq and segol22. Short u23. Semi-vowels24. Sewa quiescent25. Differences of vowel length26. Diphthongs27. Vowel assimilation28. Attenuation29. Omission of final vowel in a Greek name by Hebrew and Aramaic speakers30. Raising of vowel before ta marbuta in Arabic ('final imala') Accentuation31. Accentuation in place names in Arab speech32. Difficulty of drawing conclusions from present-day pronunciation as to accentuation in the past 33. Addition of ?/? ? ? at the end of a word after a vowel may also occurwhen the accent is on the penult III. Morphology1. Patterns of nouns of Semitic origin in the Corpus2. Vestiges of Gt3. The 'Segolates'4. qitil > qitl > qatl 5. Alternating of thematic vowel in segolate forms6. qital> ??? ( generally in Hebrew)/ (sometimes )/ ? ? ? (similar to Aramaic) 7. qatil > ???? > qatil (majority) / qatil (minority) 8. Historical alternation of noun patterns9. First part of a name understood as prefix and droppedSuffixes of noun patterns10. Suffix -at; source and reason for preservation in toponyms11. Suffix -i12. Suffix -it13. Suffix -aymln not as a dual ending - a typical addition to toponyms14. Alternation and omission of suffixes15. Alternations between Hebrew/Aramaic and Greek suffixes16. Greek -??? suffix reflecting -on 17. Added /a/ at end of names in Greek and Latin sources in the Roman-Byzantine Era18. Non-Greek sources render -os/-us instead of -as/?is in an originally Greek name - standardization? 19. Adaptation of pre-Arabic suffix to Arabic 20. Back-formation21. ?a?t?-/?et?-, ????- (= ???? ,???? ,) in 2nd-6th centuries CE22. Final 'imala: ta' marbuta pronounced today [e] or [i] (except after gutturals, emphatics and ra' under certain conditions) 23. Names preserved in Arabic as diminutiveIV. Definite Article and Syntax1. Determination and the definite article2. Special phenomena pertaining to the definite article3. Names consisting of two words4. as an integral part of the name: sometimes a free variant 5. ???? as part of the name in early periods dropped later (for historical reasons?) V. Etymology and Semantics1. Interpretations of names and lexicological remarks2. Etiological homilies and folk etymology3. Internal changes in the name inspired by changed understanding of its elements 4. Translation and adaptation of names from one language to another 5. A Hebrew calque to a Greek form.6. Pedantic forms in literary Arabic sources7. Influence of landscape on development of the name8. Name replaced by a euphemism9. Common noun derived from a place nameVI. Historical Matters, Transmission of Hebrew, Confluence of LanguagesGeneral1. Confluence of languages2. 'Wandering' word from the 3rd mill. BCE?3. Name preserved for millennia by nomads, despite mostly ruined state of site 4. Name preserved in two parallel versions5. Name influenced by a generally known name6. Regional differences7. Standard and substandardThe Bible and the biblical period8. Names in the Bible - MT, LXX and other documentation 9. Early vs. late books of the Bible10. Ammonite?11. The coastal cities in Greek12. Ancient Assyrian source reflecting local Hebrew pronunciation Roman-Byzantine Period13. Certain people and their reports of place-names14. The Targums15. Mishnah, Talmuds, Midrash and their linguistic traditions 16. SamaritansArab Period and Middle Ages17. Adaptation of names to Arabic; the question of 'Arab mouth' and 'Syrian mouth' 18. Arabic material of Christian source from the first centuries A.H.19. Colloquial Arabic preserves the original name better than does Literary Arabic 20. Preservation of a name in a nearby waliModern Era21. Change of name in Transjordan on eve of and during 19th century22. European travelers err in hearing and recording Arabic sounds23. Scholars lend exaggerated weight to an exceptional report24. Misidentification due to misreading of sources25. To what extent have names changed since the Arab conquest till today? PART FOUR: A Brief Summary of New Discoveries and Insights in Historical Geography Back MatterBibliography and AbbreviationsIndex of SourcesBIBLEGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesII SamuelI KingsII KingsIsaiahJeremiahEzekielHoseaAmosMicahNahumZechariahPsalmsLamentationsEcclesiastesDanielEzraNebemiahI ChroniclesAPOCRYPHAI EnochJubileesJoseph's TestamentJuditI MaccabeesII MaccabeesNEW TESTAMENTMatthewLukeJohnJOSEPHUSAntiquites RABBINIC SOURCESMishnah Tosefta Midrash HalakhahBabylon TalmudJerusalem TalmudMidrash AggadahTargumimRehov InscriptionSELECTED ROMAN-BYZANTINE SOURCESGeneral IndexLinguistic IndexGeographical Name IndexIndex of Scholars and TravellersWord IndexBack Map Back Cover
ancient place names holy land page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks
eBookshuk Books

Jesus
A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

Come Under the Wings: A Midrash on Ruth
Grace Goldin makes the character of Ruth more vivid in her poetry. Two classical idioms, that of the Jewish imagination, and that of English verse, are strikingly joined in the book.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 1
This is the first volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See second and third volumes here). It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.4
asdf

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.

Ezra Studies


Nazarene Jewish Christianity
A comprehensive study of the immediate heirs of the earliest Jerusalem church.

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 6
qwer

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
wert

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 9
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 5
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 6
qwer

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9
qwer

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 11
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

Tanakh: Interactive Hebrew Bible
Cross-platform, interactive, new electronic edition of the Leningrad Codex, the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible.