ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM...

VI Schon vor dem Erscheinen dieser Abhandlung sind die negativen Ergebnisse, zu denen ich in Betreff der krimschen Denkmäler gekommen bin, bekannt geworden. Meine Mit­theilungen in den Kaiserl. russischen archäologischen und geographischen Gesellschaften ( im November 1875), im Catalog ( zur selben Zeit), die inhaltreiche Schrift von Hrn. Akad. Kunik ( ToxTaMbiIIIb Η ΦΗΡΚΟΒΗΤΒ, St. Petersburg, erschienen im April 1876), ebenso wie meine mündlichen Mittheilungen an manche hiesige Gelehrte und verschiedene Zeitungsnachrichten im In- und Auslande, die ohne raein Zuthun erschienen, haben dazu nicht wenig beigetragen. Auch unredlich wurden meine Resultate von einem, der während einer Zeit von mehr als zwei Jahren mein Vertrauen genoss, mit seltener Unerschrockenheit benutzt und für die seinigen ausgegeben. Indessen wird die allseitige Aufklärung des ganzen Schwindels mit den krimschen Alterthümern seit seinem Entstehen ( im Jahre 1839), eben­so wie die Auseinandersetzung der Gründe, die mich veranlassten, die Spuren der Fäl­schungen zu suchen und zu finden, hoffentlich auch jetzt nicht als überflüssig betrachtet werden. Schon der Umstand, dass noch jetzt, auch nach dem Ableben des Firkowitsch, in der Krim hin und wieder unechte altjüdische Denkmäler auftauchen — über Sangari s. p. 181, 266; über eine angeblich aus dem II. Jahrhundert n. Chr. stammende hebräische Grabschrift m Partenit vgl. Kondaraki, YHHBepcajibHoe onncahie KpbIMa ( St. Petersburg 1875, IX, 4. XIV, 89. XV, 112; die Grabschrift gehört wohl eigentlich dem Jahre 5376 = 1615/ 6 n. Chr.)— macht es nothwendig, gewisse Kriterien nach dem jetzigen Standpuncte der Wissenschaft für derartige Denkmäler aufzustellen. Denn das bequeme Verfahren mancher hyperkritischen Gelehrten, nämlich, alles ihnen Unverständliche oder nicht in ihren Kram Passende für untergeschoben zu erklären, schadet doch der Wissenschaft manchmal nicht minder als das entgegengesetzte Verfahren der Kritiklosen, weshalb auch die Zweifel der Ersteren ganz selten Berücksichtigung finden. Und nun möge es mir gestattet sein, noch über folgende Puncte mich auszu­sprechen. Zunächst muss ich erklären, dass der polemische Ton, der in dieser Abhandlung, was ich gern gestehe, oft scharf ausgefallen ist, durch die Eigenschaft der zץt untersuchenden Materialien und die Art, wie man ihre Echtheit vertheidigt hatte, bedingt war. Einerseits musste ich mehr als zwei Jahre wie in einer Gespensterwelt, wo es von Phantomen, Gaukelspielen und Zaubergestalten wimmelt, mich bewegen. Anderseits nimmt der Ver-theidiger der Wahrhaftigkeit aller dieser fingir ten und hervorgezauberten Documente mit seinem « incommensurablen Standpuncte » eine ganz eigentümliche Stellung in der Wissenschaft ein, und kommt es bei ihm oft von, dass er den Gegner gegen Windmühlen zu kämpfen veranlasst, Dies Alles könnte auch einen Geduldigeren als mich aus der Fassung bringen und veranlassen der Erbitterung durch ironische oder scharf polemische Ausdrücke Luft zu machen. Möglicherweise war die aus einer ge-nauen Bekanntschaft mit Firkowitsch Thätigkeit gewonnene Ucberzeugung, dass jene

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


About Book ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page VORWORTINHALTSVERZEICHNISS.Contents ERSTER THEIL. EPIGRAPHE.§1. Einleitendes.§2. Die Ergebnisse der krim'schen Alterthümer.§3. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 604 (594?).§4. Verdächtigung und Anfechtung der Epigraphe.§5. Die versuchte Vertheidigung.§6A. Prüfung des historischen Inhalts des Hauptdocuments. §7B. Prüfung des factischen Inhalts des Hauptdocuments.§8. Prüfung der im Documente vorkommenden geographischen und ethnographischen Namen. §9. Prüfung der Personennamen im Hauptdocumente. §10. Untersuchung der Sprache und des Stils in dem Hauptdocumente.§11. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 986 (in einer Copie vom Jahre 1513). §12. Prüfung des Epigraphs von Abraham Sephardi (vom Jahre 986).§13. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 957.§14. Andere Epigraphe. Resultat.ZWEITER THEIL. GRABSCHRIFTEN.§1. Einleitendes.§2. Paläographie der hebräischen Quadratschrift.§3. Paläographie der krim'schen Grabschriften.§4. Sprache und Stil der Grabschriften.§5. Eulogien und Abbreviaturen in den Grabschriften. §6. Die Tortosa - Inschrift.§7. Die drei Aeren auf deo Grabsteinen.§8. Tatarische Eigennamen. Unsterblichkeit der Seele.§9. Die älteste, Grabschrift aus der Krim (vom Jahre 6 n. Chr. oder 20 v. Chr.).§10. Grabsteine des Sangari und der Sangarit.§11. Sabbatai Donolo. Elijahu, der Kämpfer gegen die Genuesen. §12. Erklärnng der Wunder.§13. Zur Genesis der Alterthumsforschung bei den krim'schen Karäern.§14. Zur Charakteristik des karäischen Historiographen.A. Oeffentliche Betheuerungen.B. Heimliche Umtriebe.§15. Gesammtergebniss.ANHANG.?. Zu den Epigraphen.B. Zu den Grabschriften.?. Noch ein Schreiben von Firkowitsch. Back Matter BERICHTIGUNGEN UND NACHTRÄGE.BEMERKUNG ZU DER ?AFEL:
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