ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM...

τ Historiographen das Geständniss abzwingen, dass an letzterem literarische Sünden sehr ernster Art hafteten. Meine Anwesenheit in Tschufut- Kale, die Unter­suchung der unechten Epigraphe in den Bibelhandschriften der zweiten Collection, die Bekanntschaft mit den ehemaligen und jetzigen örtlichen Verhältnissen, die Ansicht des Begräbnissplatzes und der Ueberblick der Grabsteine ( eine genaue Untersuchung derselben an Ort und Stelle war mir damals nicht möglich) — dienten dazu, mich immer mehr in die karäisch- krimschen Geheimnisse einzuweihen. Die Reconstruction des ganzen Firkowitschschen Systems und die Durchführung dieses Systems im Einzelnen wurde mir aber erst nach der Durchmusterung des literarischen Nachlasses des Entdeckers möglich. In diesem seit jener Zeit mir zu Gebote stehenden ( jetzt der Kaiserl. öffentlichen Bibliothek gehörenden) Nach­lasse fand ich auch die von Hrn. Chwolson benutzte Copie der Epigraphen-sammlung und eine unvollständige Copie von der Hand des Firkowitsch, ver-schiedene höchst wichtige handschriftliche Notizen, ebenfalls von Firkowitsch Hand ( von diesen Materialien machte ich schon im Catalog bei der Erklärung der Epigraphe, in der Einleitung und im Anhange Gebrauch), seinen älteren, dem gedruckten in vielen Puncten widersprechenden Bericht über die Entdeckung der Alterthümer, das Ms. von Stern u. s. w. Gleich nach meiner Rückkehr aus der Krim und der Vorstellung des Berichtes an den Herrn Minister der Volksaufklärung über die zweite Collection Firkowitsch, Ende 1874, begann ich das vorliegende Werk zu schreiben, dessen erster Theil ( über die Epigraphe) im Februar 1875 fertig wurde. Am 4. desselben Monats untersuchte ich genau die acht Grabsteine im Asiatischen Museum, die Hrn. Chwolson als Grundlage zu seiner Abhand-lung « Achtzehn Grabschriften aus der Krim » gedient hatten, und erkannte ihre Fälschung, und in der ersten Hälfte des April desselben Jahres wurde der zweite Theil dieser Schrift ( über die Grabschriften) vollendet. Zur selben Zeit hat auch der Druck des Catalogs der hebräischen Bibelhandschriften begonnen, so dass ich in den Erläuterungen zu den Epi-graphen, im Anhang und in der Einleitung zum Catalog schon die Resultate der vorliegen­den Abhandlung mittheilen konnte. Der Versuch durch Abschreiber eine kalligraphisch gefälligere Copie mir zu verschaffen und eine Ferienreise im Sommer 1875 waren die Ur-sachen, weshalb die Abhandlung erst Anfang October jenes Jahres der Kaiserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften vorgestellt werden konnte. Nun war aber noch eine andere Schwierig­keit zu beseitigen, nämlich die Stilisirung in einer Sprache, in der ich zum ersten Male mit einem selbstständigen Werke auftrat ( im Catalog hat mein Mitarbeiter, Hr. Strack, der die Abschrift für den Druck zu besorgen hatte, auch den Stil gebessert). Erst nachdem durch die Freundlichkeit eines geborenen Deutschen das Werk hinsichtlich des Stils revidirt worden, konnte es am 3. Februar 1876 nochmals der Akademie vorgestellt und im April desselben Jahres dem Druck übergeben werden. I*

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


About Book ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page VORWORTINHALTSVERZEICHNISS.Contents ERSTER THEIL. EPIGRAPHE.§1. Einleitendes.§2. Die Ergebnisse der krim'schen Alterthümer.§3. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 604 (594?).§4. Verdächtigung und Anfechtung der Epigraphe.§5. Die versuchte Vertheidigung.§6A. Prüfung des historischen Inhalts des Hauptdocuments. §7B. Prüfung des factischen Inhalts des Hauptdocuments.§8. Prüfung der im Documente vorkommenden geographischen und ethnographischen Namen. §9. Prüfung der Personennamen im Hauptdocumente. §10. Untersuchung der Sprache und des Stils in dem Hauptdocumente.§11. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 986 (in einer Copie vom Jahre 1513). §12. Prüfung des Epigraphs von Abraham Sephardi (vom Jahre 986).§13. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 957.§14. Andere Epigraphe. Resultat.ZWEITER THEIL. GRABSCHRIFTEN.§1. Einleitendes.§2. Paläographie der hebräischen Quadratschrift.§3. Paläographie der krim'schen Grabschriften.§4. Sprache und Stil der Grabschriften.§5. Eulogien und Abbreviaturen in den Grabschriften. §6. Die Tortosa - Inschrift.§7. Die drei Aeren auf deo Grabsteinen.§8. Tatarische Eigennamen. Unsterblichkeit der Seele.§9. Die älteste, Grabschrift aus der Krim (vom Jahre 6 n. Chr. oder 20 v. Chr.).§10. Grabsteine des Sangari und der Sangarit.§11. Sabbatai Donolo. Elijahu, der Kämpfer gegen die Genuesen. §12. Erklärnng der Wunder.§13. Zur Genesis der Alterthumsforschung bei den krim'schen Karäern.§14. Zur Charakteristik des karäischen Historiographen.A. Oeffentliche Betheuerungen.B. Heimliche Umtriebe.§15. Gesammtergebniss.ANHANG.?. Zu den Epigraphen.B. Zu den Grabschriften.?. Noch ein Schreiben von Firkowitsch. Back Matter BERICHTIGUNGEN UND NACHTRÄGE.BEMERKUNG ZU DER ?AFEL:
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