ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM...

IV anderseits, verhinderten mich bis Ende 1874, das phantastische Gebäude der karäischen Alterthümer in der Krim zu zertrümmern und den Falsarius, der dasselbe aufgestellt, zu entlarven. Nachdem ein namhafter Gelehrter die Collection Firkowitsch, nach seiner Ver-sicherung, während einer so langen Reihe von Jahren ( seit 1853) mit Musse studirt, die in ihr befindlichen Documente mehrmals gewissenhaft und sorgfältig geprüft und die Er-gebnisse seiner langjährigen Studien und Untersuchungen in einer ausführlichen, von der Kaiserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften herausgegebenen Abhandlung veröffentlicht hatte, war es, meiner Meinung nach, unstatthaft mit einer Gegenschrift aufzutreten, worin blos einige Zweifel ausgesprochen oder sogar einzelne Fälschungen aufgedeckt worden wären; es mussten vielmehr die Motive zu allen Fälschungen und Unterschiebungen angegeben, ihre Entstehungsgeschichte erklärt und die Quellen und Hülfsmittel, welche dazu verwendet wurden, nachgewiesen werden. Dies war aber aus den oben erwähnten Ursachen früher unausführbar. Erst in der allerneuesten Zeit wurde es mir möglich, den Gegenstand von allen Seiten zu beleuchten, und zwar begünstigten mich dabei folgende Umstände: a. Im Jahre 1873 erhielt ich die schon 1872 in Wilna  erschienene Epitaphien­sammlung nebst dem Reisebericht des Firkowitsch unter dein Titel frût ^ IhH Abne Zikkaron ( Der Titel ist einer Schrift Luzzattos über die Grabschriften aus Toledo, Prag 1841, entnommen). b. Im April — Juli 1874 untersuchte ich genau die Epigraphe in den Bibelhand­schriften der ersten Collection Firkowitsch für den nachher von mir gemeinsam mit Hrn. Strack herausgegebenen ersten und zweiten Theil des « Catalogs der hebräischen und samaritanischen Handschriften der Kaiserl. öffentl. Bibliothek in St. Petersburg » , wo ich, laut Verabredung, alles auf die Epigraphe Bezug Habende gegeben habe. Ich copierte mir alle noch zu lesenden Beischriften in den Bibelcodices in einem besondern Hefte, und merkte mir gleich bei jedem nach meiner üeberzeugung untergeschobenen oder gefälschten Epigraph die ver-schiedenen materiellen und inneren Beweise der Unechtheit, von welchen Be-weisen nur ein Theil im Catalog gegeben ist. c. Hauptsächlich aber war meine Reise nach der Krim ( im Spätsommer 1874) für die vorliegende Arbeit ergiebig. Schon auf der Reise, hauptsächlich in Kiew und Odessa, hatte ich Gelegenheit meine Meinung über die Thätigkeit Firko-witsch auf dem Gebiete der altjüdischen Denkmäler von unparteiischen Per­sonen, die jener Thätigkeit vom Anfang an beigewohnt hatten, bestätigt zu finden. In Odessa kamen mir auch die Bogen von den letzten zwei Werken des Firkowitsch ( Nachal Kedumim und Dàbar al h a - K a r a i m , aus welchen im Anhang Auszüge gegeben sind) in die Hände. Die dort gemachten Mittheilungen sind deshalb wichtig, weil sie auch dem eifrigsten Vertheidiger des karäischen

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


About Book ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page VORWORTINHALTSVERZEICHNISS.Contents ERSTER THEIL. EPIGRAPHE.§1. Einleitendes.§2. Die Ergebnisse der krim'schen Alterthümer.§3. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 604 (594?).§4. Verdächtigung und Anfechtung der Epigraphe.§5. Die versuchte Vertheidigung.§6A. Prüfung des historischen Inhalts des Hauptdocuments. §7B. Prüfung des factischen Inhalts des Hauptdocuments.§8. Prüfung der im Documente vorkommenden geographischen und ethnographischen Namen. §9. Prüfung der Personennamen im Hauptdocumente. §10. Untersuchung der Sprache und des Stils in dem Hauptdocumente.§11. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 986 (in einer Copie vom Jahre 1513). §12. Prüfung des Epigraphs von Abraham Sephardi (vom Jahre 986).§13. Das Epigraph vom Jahre 957.§14. Andere Epigraphe. Resultat.ZWEITER THEIL. GRABSCHRIFTEN.§1. Einleitendes.§2. Paläographie der hebräischen Quadratschrift.§3. Paläographie der krim'schen Grabschriften.§4. Sprache und Stil der Grabschriften.§5. Eulogien und Abbreviaturen in den Grabschriften. §6. Die Tortosa - Inschrift.§7. Die drei Aeren auf deo Grabsteinen.§8. Tatarische Eigennamen. Unsterblichkeit der Seele.§9. Die älteste, Grabschrift aus der Krim (vom Jahre 6 n. Chr. oder 20 v. Chr.).§10. Grabsteine des Sangari und der Sangarit.§11. Sabbatai Donolo. Elijahu, der Kämpfer gegen die Genuesen. §12. Erklärnng der Wunder.§13. Zur Genesis der Alterthumsforschung bei den krim'schen Karäern.§14. Zur Charakteristik des karäischen Historiographen.A. Oeffentliche Betheuerungen.B. Heimliche Umtriebe.§15. Gesammtergebniss.ANHANG.?. Zu den Epigraphen.B. Zu den Grabschriften.?. Noch ein Schreiben von Firkowitsch. Back Matter BERICHTIGUNGEN UND NACHTRÄGE.BEMERKUNG ZU DER ?AFEL:
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